Copyright & Creative Commons Dianna Magnoni, Director, Library/Knowledge Lab, Olin College Hope Tillman, Director, Libraries, Babson College February 2009
• Creative Commons works to increase the amount of creativity (cultural, educational, and scientific content) in “the commons” — that body of work available to the public for free and legal • sharing, • use, • repurposing, andCreative Commons • remixing.Introductory Video: • CC provides free, easy-to-use legal tools Get Creative providing a simple standardized way to grantFlash movie licensed under CreativeCommons License. copyright permissions to their creative work. • Licenses enable authors to easily change their copyright terms from the default of “all rights reserved” to “some rights reserved.”
Creative Commons Licenseshttp://creativecommons.org/about/licenses Attribution: This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered, in terms of what others can do with your works licensed under Attribution. View License Deed | View Legal Code Attribution Share Alike: This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial reasons, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. This license is often compared to open source software licenses. All new works based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. View License Deed | View Legal Code Attribution No Derivatives: This license allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you. View License Deed | View Legal Code
Creative Commons Licenses http://creativecommons.org/about/licenses Attribution Non-Commercial: This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms. View License Deed | View Legal Code Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike: This license lets others remix, tweak, & build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. Others can download & redistribute your work just like the by-nc-nd license, but they can also translate, make remixes, & produce new stories based on your work. All new work based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also be non-commercial in nature. View License Deed | View Legal Code Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives: This license is the most restrictive of our six main licenses, allowing redistribution. This license is often called the “free advertising” license because it allows others to download your works and share them with others as long as they mention you and link back to you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially. View License Deed | View Legal CodeExample: MIT Creative Commons License for Courseware
Nuts & Bolts of CChttp://creativecommons.org/license/ • Fill in the information about your work. • Select your chosen license. • Select the contents of the box where the code has been generated and copy it, or, have it emailed to yourself. • When you choose a license, they provide tools and tutorials that let you add license information to your own site, or to one of several free hosting services that have incorporated Creative Commons.
Open Access CommunitiesOpen Content Alliance Contributors: http://www.opencontentalliance.org/contributors Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Content_AllianceScience Commons is the scientific channel within Creative CommonsThe Public Library of Science (PLoS) - is a nonprofit organization with goal to increase open access to scientific and medical literature.PubMed Central (NIH ) provides access to many open access journals PubMed Central Journals — Full List for coverage and search options
Searching the open universeContent Directories: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Content_Direct oriesccLearn: the educational community http://learn.creativecommons.org/ with its suggested search engines http://learn.creativecommons.org/education-search-engines OER Commons OER Recommender Bridge over Wisla fromCreative Commons Universal Education www.coolimagebank.gr Search http://uesearch.creativecommons.org/search/ http://discovered.creativecommons.org/search/
Open Access Directories/ArchivesDirectory of Open Access Journals: This directory provides records for more than 3,850 open access scholarly journals available in full-text. See Technology and EngineeringOpenDOAR: Directory of Open Access Repositories provides a list of academic open access repositories as well as search screens to aid in locating repositories and content. See Engineering EthicsOpen Access Text Archive: open for any type of text, many using CC licenses. See History of Science
Open Courseware• Open Courseware Consortium – http://www.ocwconsortium.org/• Stanford Open Courseware – http://see.stanford.edu/• Tufts Open Courseware – http://ocw.tufts.edu/• MIT Open Courseware – http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/web/home/home/index.htm
Other Open Educational Resources• Connexions.org• Project Merlot• TED Talks
Connexions: Content Commons: http://cnx.org • Connexions is an environment for collaboratively developing, freely sharing, and rapidly publishing scholarly content on the Web. • Mission: to reinvent how we write, edit, publish, and use textbooks and other learning materials. • All content is free to use and reuse under the Creative Commons "attribution" license.Collaborative Statistics • Connexions is a non-profit start-upwritten by Barbara Illowskyand Susan Dean launched at Rice University in 1999
Project Merlot • Putting educational innovations into practice • Find peer reviewed online teaching and learning materials. Share advice and expertise about education with expert colleagues. Be recognized for your contributions to quality education • Shared lesson plans, activities, interactive learning • Pedagogic collection
TED Talks TED stands for Technology, Entertainment, Design. Its annual conference now brings together the worlds most fascinating thinkers and doers, who are challenged to give the talk of their lives (in 18 minutes).Ted Talks March 2007Larry Lessig – The TED Talks lectures cover a broad set of topicsThe Law is Strangling Creativity including science, arts and design, politics, culture, business, global issues, technology and development, and entertainment. Approximately 370 TED talks are provided for free viewing online. These videos are released under a Creative Commons license.
New publishing modelsAcademic Earth - platform built on open courses, showcasing video lectures from the world’s top scholars. Viewer grading of courses.Bloomsbury Academic – will print short runs, print on demand, and make titles available online via Creative Commons licenseFlat World Knowledge – titles available online for free and for sale. Faculty can integrate in their course management systems. As a by-product they will sell things of value to their market: more convenient ways to consumer the free book (print, audio, pdf) and study aids.Lulu: Self publishing• Eliminates traditional barriers to publishing with its tools for easily formatting digital content.• Enables content creators and owners – authors and educators, videographers and musicians, businesses and nonprofits, professionals and amateurs – to bring their work directly to their audience.
Additional Resourceshttp://creativecommons.org/videos/ Creative Commons flash movies licensed under Creative Commons license:Lawrence Lessig• His speech on the history of Creative Commons.• Books: (most available both for sale and freely with Creative Commons license) Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy. 2008. (Olin Library KF3020 .L47 2008) Free Culture: The Nature and Future of Creativity. 2004. (Olin Library KF2979 .L47 2004) The Future of Ideas. The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World. 2002. (Olin Library K1401 .L47 2002) Viral Spiral: How the Commons Built a Digital Republic of Their Own. David Bollier. 2009. (on order for Olin).• Colbert interview with Larry Lessig on Remixing, 8 January 2009: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IxwvIdr21Uw&feature=related – Dance remix: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QhmSjXmbbtQ&feature=related – The final remix: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CvvhDngERXoJessica Coates. Creative Commons in the Classroom: http://www.slideshare.net/Jessicacoates/creative-commons- in-the-classroom-presentation. October 2008.Curriki.org – This online community gives teachers, students and parents access to a peer-reviewed K-12 curricula, and online collaboration tools worldwide to break down barriers of the educational divide. Founded by Sun Microsystems in 2004, it is now an independent nonprofit.ResearchChannel - consortium of universities and research organizations headquartered at University of Washington Seattle, hosts extensive video-on-demand library.A view of Creative Commons Resources by format: Text: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Text (Ex.: Blue Planet Almanac) Images: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Image (Ex.: Flickr Creative Commons option: http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/ Video: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Video (Ex.: Berklee Shares
Readings• Delia Bradshaw. Sloan gives free teaching materials. Financial Times, January 28, 2009• Molly Kleinman. The Beauty of “Some Rights Reserved: Introducing Creative Commons to Librarians, Faculty, and Students. C&RL News, November 2008, pp. 594-597.• Joel Thierstein, Education in the Digital Age. EDUCAUSE Review, January/February 2009. The January/February issue highlights the topic of openness, including a feature on open/closed textbooks with commentary from all sides of the issue: publishers, students, authors, and institutions• Rimmer, Matthew. Digital copyright and the consumer revolution : hands off my iPod. Edward Elgar, 2007. Olin College KF3030.1 .R56 2007• Steve R. Gordon. The future of the music business : how to succeed with the new digital technologies : a guide for artists and entrepreneurs. Backbeat Books, 2005. Babson College. ML3790 .G67 2005.• Jeffrey R. Young. New For-Profit Web Site Repackages Free Lecture Videos From Colleges. The Chronicle of Higher Education: Wired Campus, February 2, 2009.• New Low-Cost University Plans to Use Social-Networking Tools. The Chronicle of Higher Education: Wired Campus, 27 January 2009.