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This edition contains two articles providing new insights in a relevant ﬁeld for future nano-electronics applications, i.e. molecular computing at the atomic scale. Since 1974, Molecular electronics had been always associated to the possible future of computers. A new European
Integrated Project AtMol was proposed and accepted by the European Commission after the FP7 ICT Call 6 to create this new technology (www.atmol.eu). The nanoICT “Mono-Molecular Electronics” Working Group was also set-up in 2008 to reach this objective.
In 2010, the nanoICT project launched its ﬁrst call for exchange visits for PhD students with the following main objectives: 1. To perform joint work or to be trained in the leading European industrial and academic research institutions; 2. To enhance long-term collaborations within
the ERA; 3. To generate high-skilled personnel and to facilitate technology transfer;
The ﬁrst outcome report (“Heat dissipation in nanometer-scale ridges”) of this call investigates experimentally the effect of lateral conﬁnement of acoustic phonons in silicon ridges as a function of the temperature.
We would like to thank all the authors who contributed to this issue as well as the European Commission for the ﬁnancial support (projects nanoICT No. 216165 and AtMol No. 270028).