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Lesson 12  American History 2
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Lesson 12 American History 2


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  • 1. Journal Questions so far…
    • Entry #1
      • What distinct groups of people can you find in China? What events may have united or divided these groups?
    •   Entry #2
      • Do you think the lower classes have the power to change political systems? Why? Give examples.
    •   Entry #3
      • Compare Britain’s industrial development with China’s. What are the similarities? What are the differences?
    •   Entry #4
      • Is protest the best way to achieve political goals? Why or why not? Give examples.
    •   Entry #5
      • Do you think that watching television is a big cause of crime and anti-social behavior? Why or why not?
    • Entry #6
      • Who do you think is the most interesting British author? Why?
    • Entry #7
      • We watched some of the negative campaign ads. Who do these ads hurt more, McCain or Obama? Why?
  • 2. Problems with the website
    • Many sites are blocked in China
    • To get to some of these sites, you may need to use a proxy server
    • After you go to this site, you can enter the address
  • 3. U.S. Expansion and the Civil War
  • 4. Topics for today
    • American expansion
      • The territory of the U.S. gets larger
      • Native Americans and expansion
    • Differences in development between the north and south
      • These economies developed differently. Why?
    • The Civil War
      • These differences eventually lead to war
    • Slavery and the treatment of African-Americans
      • Did things really improve after the war?
  • 5. The U.S. Grows
    • Louisiana Purchase (p. 68)
      • Thomas Jefferson purchased Louisiana from the French in
    • 1812 Monroe Doctrine (p. 71)
      • Europeans not to start new colonies in North or South America
      • European countries are not to interfere with newly established republics (Chile, Peru, Mexico and Brazil)
      • The U.S. is not to interfere with European affairs
    • U.S. – Mexican War 1846-1848 (p. 72)
      • U.S. takes control of Native American territories
      • U.S. wins conflict and Mexico loses half of its territory
    • Westward Movement (p. 74)
      • Over 500,000 Europeans come to America between 1815-1830
      • Conditions in the cities were not good, so they headed west
  • 6. Louisiana Purchase
  • 7. Expansion of the U.S.
  • 8. Westward movement
    • Manifest Destiny
      • A belief in the 19 th Century that it was the destiny of the United States to expand its territory
      • A belief in the extension of the U.S.’s political, social and economic forces
  • 9. Manifest Destiny
  • 10. What about the Native Americans?
    • We already know that people were living in the Americas at this time. What happened to them as a result of this expansion?
  • 11. Native Americans
    • Many died from diseases brought by Europeans
    • There was fighting amongst Colonists and Native Americans
    • Policies to “civilize” the Native Americans
    • Many were relocated (The Trail of Tears)
      • Indian Removal Act of 1830
      • Many of these Native Americans were sent to Oklahoma
  • 12. Trail of Tears
  • 13.
    • From this information, we see that the U.S. grew very quickly
    • As people headed west, the differences between the North and South were growing
    • The North became industrialized while the South relied on agriculture
  • 14. Development of the U.S. economy
    • The North
    • Industrial production
      • Wage labor
    • Large population
      • About 22 million people
    • Good transportation system
    • The South
    • Agricultural Economy
      • Slave labor
    • Smaller population
      • About 9 million
      • 3.8 million of this includes slaves
    • Poor transportation system
  • 15. Slavery
  • 16. Slavery in the Americas
    • About 13 million black Africans were sent to the Americas between the 16 th and 19 th Century
      • Most were sent to Brazil
      • About 645,000 of these slaves were sent to the U.S.
      • By 1860, the slave population in the U.S. was around 4 million
  • 17. Slavery problems before the Civil War
    • 1831 – Nat Turner (p. 76)
      • Turner and a group of African Americans killed 55 white people
      • Turner and over 100 African-Americans were killed
    • 1854 – Douglas Bill
      • Made slavery legal in the new states of Kentucky and Nebraska
    • 1859 – John Brown and Harper’s Ferry
      • A plot to give slaves weapons
    • Abraham Lincoln is elected in 1860
      • Lincoln and the Republican party were “anti-slavery”
  • 18. Civil War
    • Southern states left the Union (1861)
      • South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana and Texas
    • These states would be known as the Confederate Union of America
    • Fighting begins
    • 4 other states join the Confederacy
      • North Carolina, Arkansas, Virginia and Tennessee
  • 19. Confederate Union of America
  • 20. Civil War
    • You can read about the famous battles of the war from pgs. 78-81
    • The Union (Northern) States held a large advantage over the Confederate States which lead to their defeat
    • The war was basically a conflict of ideas and the two economies of the North and South
    • The importance of this war is not the battles, but the ending of Slavery
  • 21. Emancipation Proclamation
    • January 1 st , 1863
      • Ended slavery
      • Many former slaves joined the army in the North
      • Helped the North gain advantage
  • 22. After the war
    • The end of slavery helped the country develop
    • America would become the leading industrial nation
    • Next class
      • We will discuss many of the social problems after the war
      • African-Americans were freed, but we will find that the struggle for civil rights a difficult battle
  • 23. Journal #8
    • We have discussed some of the negative events of American history. Many of these events have a long lasting impact on America.
    • Why is it important to study or remember these events?