Be the first to like this
The cement industry is a substantial contributor to the global greenhouse gases emissions, accounting for approximatley 6% of the total global CO2 emission. Geopolymer, an inorganic polymer consisting …
The cement industry is a substantial contributor to the global greenhouse gases emissions, accounting for approximatley 6% of the total global CO2 emission. Geopolymer, an inorganic polymer consisting primarily of Si-Al-O covalent chains, is an attractive alternative to the conventional portland cement due to its much smaller carbon footprint. This research is an early work aimed at elucidating the techno-economic feasibility of geopolymer production in Indonesia, utilizing domestic aluminosilicate minerals and waste materials as feedstocks. Kaolin from the Belitung island and Class F coal fly ash from an electric powerplant in East Java were selected as the geopolymer precursors. The kaolin was initially calcined at 750 oC for 6 hours to convert it to the much more reactive metakaolin phase. Besides the type of aluminosilicate raw materials, the type of alkali solution was also varied between NaOH and KOH. The aluminosilicate materials were each reacted with 10.0 M alkali hydroxide solution at a solid-to-liquid mass ratio of 1.2 and 2.8 for the case of metakaolin and fly ash, respectively. The effect of these variables was evaluated on mortars prepared by using the obtained geopolymers, which involved the measurement of settling time in accordance to an Indonesian standard Vicat apparatus method, and compressive strength according to the ASTM C 109-80 method. The setting time of fly ash - KOH/NaOH geopolymer mortars is shorter than those obtained using metakaolin, due to the higher reactivity of the amorphous fly ash. The higher reactivity of fly ash also promotes better crosslinking of the Si-Al-O bonds, resulting in a higher compressive strength compared to the metakaolin-based geopolymer samples.