Adjective Form, Position, and Agreement (La forma, posición, y concordancia de los adjetivos) Essentially, an adjective is...
Es un chico guap o . Adjectives Basically, there are two types of adjectives. Type 1:  Four -form adjectives. These adject...
Es un chico inteligent e . Adjectives Basically, there are two types of adjectives. Type 2:  Two -form adjectives. These a...
Es un chico fie l . Adjectives Basically, there are two types of adjectives. Type 2:  Two -form adjectives. Es una chica f...
Es un chico auda z . Es una chica auda z . Son unos chicos auda ces . Son unas chicas auda ces . 1 2 Adjectives Basically,...
Es un chico optim ista . Es una chica optim ista . Son unos chicos optim istas . Son unas chicas optim istas . 1 2 Adjecti...
Summary Adjectives whose base form ends in  o  have  four  forms. These adjectives agree in  gender  and  number . Adjecti...
Exceptions There are two types of exceptions to the two-form / four-form rules. Type 1:  Adjectives of  nationality Type 2...
Exceptions There are two types of irregular adjectives. Type 1:  Adjectives of  nationality Many adjectives of nationality...
But even if an adjective of nationality ends in a consonant, it normally has  four  forms rather than two. Plácido Domingo...
Jacques Chirac es francé s . Su esposa es france sa . Sus hijos son france ses . Sus hijas son france sas . 1 2 3 4 Notice...
Exceptions Type 2:  Adjectives that end in  ón ,  án ,  ín , or  (d)or Interestingly, most of the adjectives of this type ...
El señor Flojo es holgaz án . Su esposa es holgaz ana . Sus hijos son holgaz anes . Sus hijas son holgaz anas . 1 2 3 4 Ex...
El señor Boca es parlanch ín . Su esposa es parlanch ina . Sus hijos son parlanch ines . Sus hijas son parlanch inas . 1 2...
El profesor Obrero es trabaja dor . Su esposa es trabaja dora . Sus alumnos son trabaja dores . Sus alumnas son trabaja do...
Summary Adjectives whose base form ends in  o  have  four  forms. These agree in  gender  and  number . Adjectives whose b...
Descriptive adjectives, that is, those that express more than simple possession, location, or number, are generally placed...
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7 adjective form, position, and agreement

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Adjectives

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7 adjective form, position, and agreement

  1. 1. Adjective Form, Position, and Agreement (La forma, posición, y concordancia de los adjetivos) Essentially, an adjective is a word that describes or tells us more about a noun than we knew before. Spanish adjectives normally agree, or have corresponding forms, with the nouns they modify.
  2. 2. Es un chico guap o . Adjectives Basically, there are two types of adjectives. Type 1: Four -form adjectives. These adjectives agree in number and gender . Es una chica guap a . Son unos chicos guap os . Son unas chicas guap as . 1 2 3 4 Adjectives that end in o in their base form normally are four-form adjectives.
  3. 3. Es un chico inteligent e . Adjectives Basically, there are two types of adjectives. Type 2: Two -form adjectives. These adjectives agree in number only. Es una chica inteligent e . Son unos chicos inteligent es . Son unas chicas inteligent es . 1 2 Adjectives that end in e in their base form normally are two-form adjectives.
  4. 4. Es un chico fie l . Adjectives Basically, there are two types of adjectives. Type 2: Two -form adjectives. Es una chica fie l . Son unos chicos fie les . Son unas chicas fie les . 1 2 Adjectives that end in a consonant are also two-form, normally. These adjectives agree in number only.
  5. 5. Es un chico auda z . Es una chica auda z . Son unos chicos auda ces . Son unas chicas auda ces . 1 2 Adjectives Basically, there are two types of adjectives. Type 2: Two -form adjectives. Adjectives that end in a consonant are also two-form, normally. These adjectives agree in number only.
  6. 6. Es un chico optim ista . Es una chica optim ista . Son unos chicos optim istas . Son unas chicas optim istas . 1 2 Adjectives that end in ista also are two-form. Adjectives Basically, there are two types of adjectives. Type 2: Two -form adjectives. These adjectives agree in number only.
  7. 7. Summary Adjectives whose base form ends in o have four forms. These adjectives agree in gender and number . Adjectives whose base form ends in e , in a consonant ( l , z , n , etc.) or in ista have two forms. These adjectives agree in number only.
  8. 8. Exceptions There are two types of exceptions to the two-form / four-form rules. Type 1: Adjectives of nationality Type 2: Adjectives that end in ón , án , ín , or (d)or
  9. 9. Exceptions There are two types of irregular adjectives. Type 1: Adjectives of nationality Many adjectives of nationality are already the four-form type, since their base form ends in o . Vladimir Putin es ruso. Su esposa es rusa. Sus hijos son rusos. Sus hijas son rusas. 1 2 3 4 Notice that adjectives of nationality are not capitalized in Spanish.
  10. 10. But even if an adjective of nationality ends in a consonant, it normally has four forms rather than two. Plácido Domingo es españo l . Su esposa es españo la . Sus hijos son españo les . Sus hijas son españo las . 1 2 3 4 Exceptions There are two types of irregular adjectives. Type 1: Adjectives of nationality
  11. 11. Jacques Chirac es francé s . Su esposa es france sa . Sus hijos son france ses . Sus hijas son france sas . 1 2 3 4 Notice that if the masculine singular of an adjective bears a written accent, it is omitted on all other forms. Exceptions There are two types of irregular adjectives. Type 1: Adjectives of nationality But even if an adjective of nationality ends in a consonant, it normally has four forms rather than two.
  12. 12. Exceptions Type 2: Adjectives that end in ón , án , ín , or (d)or Interestingly, most of the adjectives of this type are depreciative or strongly expressive. El señor Panzudo es comil ón . Su esposa es comil ona . Sus hijos son comil ones . Sus hijas son comil onas . 1 2 3 4 Again, only the masculine singular form bears a written accent. The other type of irregular adjectives.
  13. 13. El señor Flojo es holgaz án . Su esposa es holgaz ana . Sus hijos son holgaz anes . Sus hijas son holgaz anas . 1 2 3 4 Exceptions Type 2: Adjectives that end in ón , án , ín , or (d)or Interestingly, most of the adjectives of this type are depreciative or strongly expressive. The other type of irregular adjectives. Again, only the masculine singular form bears a written accent.
  14. 14. El señor Boca es parlanch ín . Su esposa es parlanch ina . Sus hijos son parlanch ines . Sus hijas son parlanch inas . 1 2 3 4 Exceptions Type 2: Adjectives that end in ón , án , ín , or (d)or Interestingly, most of the adjectives of this type are depreciative or strongly expressive. The other type of irregular adjectives. Again, only the masculine singular form bears a written accent.
  15. 15. El profesor Obrero es trabaja dor . Su esposa es trabaja dora . Sus alumnos son trabaja dores . Sus alumnas son trabaja doras . 1 2 3 4 Exceptions The other type of irregular adjectives. Interestingly, most of the adjectives of this type are depreciative or strongly expressive. Type 2: Adjectives that end in ón , án , ín , or (d)or
  16. 16. Summary Adjectives whose base form ends in o have four forms. These agree in gender and number . Adjectives whose base form ends in e , in a consonant ( l , z , n , etc.) or in ista have only two forms. These agree in number only. There are two groups of exceptions, which are four-form adjectives even though they end in a consonant: Adjectives of nationality Adjectives that end in ón , án , ín or (d)or
  17. 17. Descriptive adjectives, that is, those that express more than simple possession, location, or number, are generally placed after the noun. Literally, “It’s a class good.” Literally, “Yes, and he’s a professor very intelligent.”
  18. 18. FIN
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