The Adjective Clause

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The Adjective Clause

  1. 1. THE ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
  2. 2. The Adjective Clause <ul><li>A. Is one type of subordinate clause </li></ul><ul><li>B. Acts like an adjective . </li></ul><ul><li>C. Will modify a noun or pronoun . </li></ul><ul><li>D. Will always follow that noun or pronoun </li></ul>
  3. 3. Adjective Clauses <ul><li>Relative pronouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>introduce an adjective clause. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who, whom, whose, that, which </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOTE: Sometimes a relative pronoun is preceded by a preposition that is part of the adjective clause. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have you read the book on which the movie is based ? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Adjective Clauses <ul><li>Relative Pronouns – who , whom , whose refer </li></ul><ul><li>to people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who ~ The man who sold me the car left town. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whom ~ The man for whom I work is kind. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whose ~ The man whose car was stolen is angry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOTE: When to use WHO/WHOM: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Who is subject of the clause; whom is NOT the subject of the clause – there is already a subject) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Adjective Clauses <ul><li>Relative Pronouns – which , that refer </li></ul><ul><li>to things & animals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which ~ Math, which is my favorite subject , was </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cancelled. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That ~ The animal that ate my mom’s salad died. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Adjective Clauses <ul><li>To modify a place or a time, an adjective clause may be introduced by when or where . When used to introduce adjective clauses, these words are called relative adverbs . </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The house where I grew up has been destroyed. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did I tell you about the time when my husband was sprayed by a skunk ? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Adjective Clauses <ul><li>REMEMBER: Adjective clauses are dependent clauses. If you take them out of the sentence, you must have a complete sentence left. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Commas with Adjective Clauses <ul><li>When the adjective clause tells which one , it cannot be taken out of the sentence without changing the meaning of the sentence. (essential= no commas) </li></ul><ul><li>A clause beginning with that is usually essential. </li></ul><ul><li>Clauses that add information that is not needed to understand the basic meaning are nonessential. USE COMMAS! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Adjective Clauses – Where are they? <ul><li>The actors who perform in commercials receive good pay. </li></ul><ul><li>At the zoo we saw some animals that were ferocious. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Twain, who was an American writer, died a poor man. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Adjective Clauses – Where are they? <ul><li>The actors who perform in commercials receive good pay. </li></ul><ul><li>At the zoo we saw some animals that were ferocious. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Twain, who was an American writer , died a poor man. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Adjective Clauses – Where are they? <ul><li>The theatre where we saw the movie burned to the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Is this the student whose quick action saved Mrs. Bell? </li></ul><ul><li>Maria, whom I knew from college, just stopped by to visit. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Adjective Clauses – Where are they? <ul><li>The theatre where we saw the movie burned to the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Is this the student whose quick action saved Mrs. Bell? </li></ul><ul><li>Maria, whom I knew from college , just stopped by to visit. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Adjective Clauses – Where are they? <ul><li>Spring, which happens to be my favorite season, is a great time of year. </li></ul><ul><li>The boy who ate that plant just died. </li></ul><ul><li>Simon, whom we know ate that plant, just died. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Adjective Clauses – Where are they? <ul><li>Spring, which happens to be my favorite season , is a great time of year. </li></ul><ul><li>The boy who ate that plant just died. </li></ul><ul><li>Simon, whom we know ate that plant , just died. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Adjective Clauses – WRONG!!!! <ul><li>Who is at the door? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is your homework for English? </li></ul><ul><li>The man who the school just hired is Mr. Mixon. </li></ul><ul><li>The girl that sat next to me fell asleep. </li></ul><ul><li>I did my homework when I got home from school. </li></ul><ul><li>A metaphor is when you compare two things. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Adjective Clauses – WRONG!!!! <ul><li>Who is at the door? (no s.c.) </li></ul><ul><li>Where is your homework for English? (no s.c.) </li></ul><ul><li>The man who the school just hired is Mr. Mixon. ( use whom because the clause already has a subject) </li></ul><ul><li>The girl that sat next to me fell asleep. </li></ul><ul><li>(use who for people) </li></ul><ul><li>I did my homework when I got home from school . ( when should describe a time) </li></ul><ul><li>A metaphor is when you compare two things . (adj. cl. cannot come after a verb) </li></ul>

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