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Modal verbs in english
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Modal verbs in english

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power point presentation on modal verbs. IT is for 2nd year of ESO

power point presentation on modal verbs. IT is for 2nd year of ESO

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  • 1. Modal Verbs inEnglishINGLÉS2º de ESO
  • 2. OUTLINEIntroduction: What do you understandby modal verb?Main modal verbs in English and theirdifferent uses. (Main ideas)Detailed explanation: How to includemodals in sentences?Exemplification
  • 3. Introduction: What do you understandby modal verb? They act as an auxiliary verb in verb phrases ( I cango) The form does not vary (*He cans go) – can/could They precede the negative particle in not negation (Icannot go) They precede the subject in yes-no questions (Canyou go?) They can be followed by an infinitive without to (*Hecan to go) They express stance meanings, related to possibility,necessity, obligation etc.
  • 4. Main modal verbs in English andtheir different uses.Meanings ModalsPermission/ possibility/abilityCan, couldObligation/ necessity/adviseMust, have to, should
  • 5. Detailed explanation: How toinclude modals in sentences?Affirmative: Subject + modal + infinitive ofthe main verb (without to)Negative: It is formed in the same way thanthe affirmative structure but the negativeparticle is added to the modal verb. Modalverb + (not/ n’t)Interrogative: Modal + subject + main verbin infinitive form. (without to)Short answers: subject pronoun + modal/modal +(n’t)
  • 6. Attention!!*HAVE TO/ DON’T HAVE TO Affirmative: subject + have/ has to + main verb(inf.) Negative: subject + don’t/ doesn’t + have to +main verb (inf.) Interrogative: Do/Does + subject + have to +main verb (inf.) Short answers: subject pronoun + do/does ordon’t/ doesn’t
  • 7. Exemplification Can expresses ability, possibility, permissionand requests. (cannot/can’t)I can jump one and a half metre high.You can pass the exam the next year if you want.Can she come with me to the party mum?Can you lend me your student’s book? I need it fortaking some photocopies.
  • 8. Exemplification Could expresses ability and possibility in thepast. (could not/ couldn’t)Could he walk for so many hours without rest? Hebehaved like a superman.She could go through the river, but…her boat is nothere today. Could expresses politeness when referring tothe present: Could I take some fruit?
  • 9. Exemplification Must and have to express obligation ornecessity.You must read the book for tomorrow, you have todo it if you want not to get a bad mark. Mustn’t expresses prohibition. (must not)Children in the camp mustn’t go through the riveralone! It is too dangerous!
  • 10. Do you know the differencebetween ‘must’ and ‘have to’?‘You must go to school’‘Now I can’t my doggy, Ihave to go to school’
  • 11. Exemplification Don’t have to expresses lack of obligation ornecessity.You don’t have to invite him if you don’t want to,but he is your cousin! Should is used for giving advice. (should not/shouldn’t)If I were you, I wouldn’t invite him. You shouldn’tinvite him. What he did yesterday was horrible.(anger)
  • 12. Now it is your turn…. Now, if everything is clear enough youshould be able to do the following activity:Imagine that one of your classmates has not cometo class today and you want to explain to him/herwhat you have done during the lesson in order notto be too behind with his/her work. How would youdo that?
  • 13. If you have been able tosuccessfully carry out thelast activity…Congratulations!!!

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