Meghan Fish music semester project ppt


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Meghan Fish fall 2011 semester power point about the clarinet.

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Meghan Fish music semester project ppt

  1. 1. THE CLARINET Meghan Fish Semester Project 11/21/11
  2. 2. The clarinet, a brief history <ul><li>The Chalumeau (spoken: Shaloomoh) was spread widely all over Europe. The name comes from Greek/Latin, where &quot;Calumus&quot; means pipe. The Chalumeau was considered a shepherd's instrument that had to be played solo. After having experimented with chalumeaus for a long time, the instrument maker C. H. Denner of Nuremberg, Germany, finally managed to build an instrument, that would not only play the lower register but also the upper one, without sacrificing too much intonation. </li></ul><ul><li>The first clarinets were still very simple and looked much like a larger recorder. They had two keys, later three. The new instrument already had a wider tonal range than oboes or trumpets of that time. It could be played loudly and execute technically difficult runs and jumps, which would be difficult on a trumpet. It first replaced the high trumpets, the so-called &quot;clarini“ and was soon picked up by orchestras and music along with being written specifically for it. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Iwan Müller was a German clarinet player and instrument maker, who revolutionized key mechanics. While old keys had a simple pivot-mechanic and felt pads that were hardly ever were reliable, he developed the spoon-key with leather pad and sunk-in holes with a conical ring, as you find them on instruments today. Müller also changed the reed roughly into the form we use today, and developed the ligature. </li></ul><ul><li>The German flute maker Theobald Boehm brought about two improvements to the instrument making world. He created a mathematical basis for the perfect calculation of the position of tone holes and he invented the ring key. The ring key makes it possible to cover a hole larger than the finger that lies on the ring key. On this basis the Frenchman Hyacinthe Klosé developed the &quot;Boehm&quot; clarinet model. </li></ul><ul><li>In German speaking countries they use a different type of clarinet, the German system, or a special version of it, called Oehler system, which derives directly from the Müller clarinet. </li></ul><ul><li>Both instrument types look rather similar, the most obvious difference are the keys for the little finger: Where the Boehm System has four levers, the German system has two rather flat, half-round key ends that both have a small wooden roll for sliding. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Woodcut print: oldest description of clarinets, 1740 <ul><li>                                                                          </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of clarinet in use today <ul><li>In the beginning there were clarinets for nearly all scales, today only B flat, A, and E flat commonly remain in use in Western culture. </li></ul><ul><li>E flat clarinet (the smallest and highest) A and B flat (or soprano clarinet) the &quot;normal&quot; clarinet Alto clarinet in E flat Bass clarinet (the low clarinet) in B Contra alto and contra bass clarinet (very low and rare) </li></ul><ul><li>                                      </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E flat, B flat, Alto, Bass, Contra Bass </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Uses <ul><li>Clarinets are used in many different types of groups some of which include, orchestras, symphonies, school and amateur groups, soloists, and big bands. </li></ul><ul><li>In different ensembles you will find different types of clarinets such as one or two B flat clarinets in a chamber orchestra, or a wind quintet. A small harmony band or school band will have around 12 clarinet players while big wind bands or harmony orchestras need up to 30 clarinets of all different types. </li></ul><ul><li>In an orchestra, the clarinets usually are seated starting with the highest Eb, then 2 - 3 A and/or Bb (1st, 2nd, 3rd Clarinet), if needed there will be Alto and Bass Clarinet. The Bass Clarinet is often also played by the 3rd clarinet player. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Martin Fröst, Mozart Clarinet Concerto part 1 <ul><li> </li></ul>
  8. 8. Some famous clarinet musicians <ul><li>Anton Stadler (1753 - 1812) His playing inspired Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to write some of his popular compositions. </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Stoltzman is the most popular classical clarinet player in the United States of America today. Microsoft's Windows 7 put his version of Debussy's &quot;Maid with the flaxen hair&quot; as a sample track in the media player. </li></ul><ul><li>Sabine Meyer she first became known to the public when Karajan called her to the Berlin Philharmonics to be the first woman in the Orchestra. Today she is one of Germany's most popular clarinet players. </li></ul><ul><li>Hüsnü Senlendirici is one of the most popular Turkish clarinet players. Turkish traditional clarinet players (as well as Greece, Oriental and Balcan players) use a G clarinet, which is a bit longer and sounds deeper and softer than the somewhat sharp Bb clarinet. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Richard Stoltzman Maid with the flaxen hair <ul><li> </li></ul>
  10. 10. Katie Murphy <ul><li>My sister Katie played clarinet in band during high school and will play some scales and Mary had a little lamb in the next slide. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Scales and Mary had a little lamb
  12. 12. Closing <ul><li>Clarinets are not extremely expensive. You can get good new instruments as well as better, but used ones, starting around just over $500.00. The clarinet is not large or difficult to carry. Depending on your level of dedication, you can learn enough in two years to be able to play in a beginners orchestra or band. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are interested in learning to play clarinet, you can either self teach with CD’s or sheet music and you tube or, you can contact a local teacher such as the one listed below. </li></ul><ul><li>Holly Kortze began playing clarinet at the age of ten, has most notably performed with the Greensboro Symphony, Brevard Music Center Faculty Orchestra, Boise Philharmonic, Opera Idaho and is a founding member of Chamber Arts Northwest. </li></ul><ul><li>She can be heard on Boise State Public Radio with Opera Idaho, Chicago Public Radio and the Big Ten network with the Northwestern University Symphony Orchestra as well as WDAV with the Brevard Music Center Faculty Orchestra. She currently resides in Boise, Idaho and has a studio of clarinetists from ages 10 and up. </li></ul><ul><li>Contact her at or call 1-312-618-7393 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Resources <ul><li>Clarinet Information Site: the Instrument, Parts & Technique, History, Sound, Musicians, Maintenance & Fixing, Supplies, How to Buy, Literature, Links . Web. 22 Nov. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Holly Kortze . Web. 22 Nov. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>My little sister, Katherine Murphy </li></ul><ul><li>You Tube: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Fröst, Mozart Clarinet Concerto part 1 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Stoltzman - Maid with the Flaxen Hair </li></ul>