Serhat türken musics and physics


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TOPIC: Music instruments classification according to their families.

GOAL: Providing informative outputs for those who are interested in this topic.

AUDIENCE: The students of Anadolu University Business Administration Department.

SPECIFIC PURPOSE: To inform my audience about music instrument associated with their families.

MAIN IDEA: The music İnstruments are grouped by families and those ones within the same branch are performed in similiar ways.

1. The woodwind Family
2. The Brass Family
3. The percussion Family
4. Sound Examples and Matching Excercises
5. Pitch of Instruments

Published in: Education
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Serhat türken musics and physics

  1. 1. Music and Physics
  2. 2. The Woodwind Family The woodwind family consists of piccolos, flutes, oboes, English horns, clarinets, bassoons, and saxophones. With the exception of the piccolo and flute, the sound is produced by a vibrating reed. Different pitches are produced by opening and covering holes along the instrument
  3. 3. The Brass Family The brass family typically consists of trumpets, (French) horns, trombones, euphoniums, and tubas. Sound is produced by forcing air through the mouthpiece. With the exception of the trombone, pitches are altered by pressing or releasing valves. All brass players also tighten or relax their lips to change pitch.
  4. 4. The Percussion Family The percussion family contains the most instruments. Some of the standard instruments include the bass drum, snare drum, timpani, bells, cymbals, and the triangle. Sound is produced by striking some part of the instrument with a mallet, stick, or hands. Not all percussion instruments can produce multiple pitches. In most cases the pitch of the instrument is dependent on the size of the instrument.
  5. 5. The piccolo is the highestpitched instrument in theband.The tuba is the lowestpitched instrumentcommonly found inbands. – The contrabassoon can actually produce lower tones than the tuba, but it is not commonly found in bands.The sound clip “shows”the difference in pitchbetween the piccolo andtuba. Listen carefully forthe tuba, it is particularlylow.
  6. 6. Sound Examples• Piccolo• Oboe• Clarinet• Bassoon• Saxophone• Flute• English Horn Can you match the picture with the name/sound?
  7. 7. Sound Examples• French Horn• Trumpet• Tuba• Trombone• Euphonium Can you match the picture with the name/sound?
  8. 8. How is the pitch of instrumentsdetermined?As was mentioned earlier, the biggestdetermining factor in the pitch aninstrument produces is the size of theinstrument.The distance that air travels in theinstrument also determines the pitch.
  9. 9. Generally…The larger and longer an instrument is, thelower the pitch.The smaller and shorter an instrument, thehigher the pitch.
  10. 10. One of the easiest ways to seethis is with the trombone. The higher the note is on the staff, the higher the pitch of the note. Notice how the trombone slide gets longer as the notes get lower?
  11. 11. Some things you can try on yourown: Hold a rubber band so that it is stretched between two fingers. Pluck the rubber band. Now, increase the distance between your fingers, stretching the rubber band. Pluck the rubber
  12. 12. What do you noticeabout the sound?Does it soundlower or higherthan before?Try the same thingwith rubber bandsof different widths.What do younotice?
  13. 13. Music References• Beethoven, Ludwig Van. Horn Sonata, Op. 17. III. Allegro Moderato. Albert Linder, horn. Naxos: BIS-CD-47. Compact disc.• Donizetti, Gaetano. Concertino for Cor Anglais and Orchestra in G minor. Andante con Variationi. Budapest Camerata conducted by Laszlo Kovacs. Marco Polo: Donizetti: Instrumental Concertos. Compact disc.• Handel, George Frideric. Trumpet Concerto in D minor. II Furioso. Miroslav Kejmar, trumpet. Naxos: Famous Trumpet Concerti. Compact disc.• Holst, Gustav. Second Suite in F for Military Band. I. March, IV. Fantasia on the Dargason.. Edmonton Wind Ensemble conducted by Harry Pinchin. CBC Records: Snake Fence Country. Compact disc.• Marcello, Benedetto. Cello Sonata in F major (arr. for tuba). II. Allegro. Michael Lind, tuba. Naxos: BIS-CD-95. Compact disc.• Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Bassoon Concerto in B flat major, K. 191. I. Allegro. Stephan Turnovsky, bassoon. Naxos: 8.550345. Compact disc.• Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Clarinet Concerto in A major, K. 622. III. Rondo: Allegro. Ernst Ottensamer, clarinet. Naxos: 8.550345. Compact disc.• Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Oboe Concerto in C major, K. 271k/ K. 314. I. Allegro aperto. Martin Gabriel, oboe. Naxos: 8.550345. Compact disc.• Taffanel, Paul. Fantasy on Der Freischutz. Robert Aitken, flute. Naxos: BIS-CD-166. Compact disc.• Tubin, Eduard. Alto Saxophone Sonata. III. Allegro vivace. Pekka Savijoki, alto saxophone. Compact disc.• Vivaldi, Antonio. Cello Sonata No. 1 in B flat major, RV 47 (arr. for trombone). IV. Allegro. Christer Torge, trombone. Naxos: BIS-CD-95. Compact disc.• Vivaldi, Antonio. Piccolo Concerto in C major, RV 445. Gunilla von Bahr, piccolo. Naxos: BIS-CD-21. Compact disc.
  14. 14. Picture References• Brass Section. Adamson Military Band. “Brass Section”. 1 October, 2006. <>.• Percussion. Hyper Music. Hyper Music- Musical Instruments. “Percussion”. 13 October, 2006. <>.• Piccolo. Grahm Nasby’s Online Resources. “Concert Band Instrumentation”. 13 October, 2006. < instrumentation.shtml>.• Rubber band. Micron. “Amplifying Sound”. 23 October, 2006. <>.• Trombone Positions. Sandi. “Trombone Slide Position Chart”. 13 October, 2006. <>.• Tuba. Grahm Nasby’s Online Resources. “Concert Band Instrumentation”. 13 October, 2006. < instrumentation.shtml>.• Woodwind Section. Adamson Military Band. “Woodwind Section”. 1 October, 2006. <>.