The HISTORY  OF THE CLARINET11th Grade Music Appreciation       Elizabeth Owens
THE EVOLUTION OF THE CLARINET   HAS OCCURRED IN SIX MAIN            STAGES1.   Ancient Instruments2.   The two-key clarine...
Stage 1: Ancient InstrumentsNo one knows the exact history of the clarinet, but all  agree that its predecessors date back...
Pictures of Other Ancient Instruments              Although the chalumeau is the most well-              known ancestor to...
Stage 2: Denner & The 2-Key Clarinet  Johann Christoph Denner made several   changes to the chalumeau to create the       ...
Stage 3: The 5-Key ClarinetBy 1800, most clarinets had 5 or 6 keys       -these keys were not the work of one person, but ...
Stage 4: Muller and The 13-Key ClarinetBy 1812, Ivan Muller had produced a 13-              key clarinet,giving the player...
Stage 5: The 17-Key ClarinetAround 1850, Carl Baermann added to the 13-key  clarinet and invented the 17-key clarinet  -th...
Stage 6: Transition into the Modern Clarinet Since Oehler, nothing major has changed -Minor changes have been made by Euge...
REVIEWTHE EVOLUTION OF THE CLARINET OCCURRED IN SIX MAIN STAGES:1. Ancient Instruments   -the chalumeau is the most well-k...
Famous ClarinetistsBenny Goodman                            Stanley Drucker            Eddie DanielsRichard Stoltzman     ...
Clarinet RecordingsSonata in E-flat Major, Allegretto  Saint-SaensSonata in F Major, Allegretto Gracioso  BrahmsConcerto f...
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Un poco más sobre el clarinete

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Un poco más sobre el clarinete

  1. 1. The HISTORY OF THE CLARINET11th Grade Music Appreciation Elizabeth Owens
  2. 2. THE EVOLUTION OF THE CLARINET HAS OCCURRED IN SIX MAIN STAGES1. Ancient Instruments2. The two-key clarinet3. The five-key clarinet4. The 13-key clarinet5. The 17-key clarinet6. The modern day clarinet
  3. 3. Stage 1: Ancient InstrumentsNo one knows the exact history of the clarinet, but all agree that its predecessors date back 5,000 years The chalumeau is the most well-known ancestor to the clarinet -chalumeau is a general term for any small, reed blown pipe -this instrument was first played 2,000 years ago -in general, the chalumeau had six holes and was about eight inches long
  4. 4. Pictures of Other Ancient Instruments Although the chalumeau is the most well- known ancestor to the clarinet, several other cultures used instruments similar to the early clarinet
  5. 5. Stage 2: Denner & The 2-Key Clarinet Johann Christoph Denner made several changes to the chalumeau to create the two-key clarinet -Denner added two keys to the six-hole instrument to create the first “clarinet” -one of these keys was the register key, added to increase the number of notes a player could produce -Denner’s sons later added the bell to make room for another key-covered hole -Throughout the early 18th century, Denner and other instrument makers continued to
  6. 6. Stage 3: The 5-Key ClarinetBy 1800, most clarinets had 5 or 6 keys -these keys were not the work of one person, but of several musicians who had becomeinterested in developing the clarinet -the addition of these keys gave players more flexibility when choosing musicAnother important advancement was the addition ofa removable mouthpiece-the chalumeau and the two-key clarinet both had themouthpiece permanently attached to the instrument-this advancement was significant because it allowedmouthpiece to be constructed out of a different materialthan the instrument itself-different materials gave different sounds
  7. 7. Stage 4: Muller and The 13-Key ClarinetBy 1812, Ivan Muller had produced a 13- key clarinet,giving the player many advantages -a more beautiful tone quality -less difficulty in musical passages -more volume control, from a “whisper” to a “shout” -the ability to fit into the orchestra
  8. 8. Stage 5: The 17-Key ClarinetAround 1850, Carl Baermann added to the 13-key clarinet and invented the 17-key clarinet -the addition of these keys fixed many problems of earlier models -this clarinet had holes placed acoustically, rather than for the player’s comfort -this clarinet was the most in tune compared to the earlier clarinets Later, Oskar Oehler (pronounced “oiler”) used Baermann’s design to create his own clarinet system, used by German clarinetists today
  9. 9. Stage 6: Transition into the Modern Clarinet Since Oehler, nothing major has changed -Minor changes have been made by Eugene Albert and Louis Buffet among others. - Albert was dedicated to improving upon Muller’s model - Buffet took the ideas of the modern flute and applied them to the keywork of the clarinet Clarinets today: -have 5 main pieces -have 17 keys -are made out of plastic or Grenadilla wood -are popular orchestral, band, solo, and chamber instruments
  10. 10. REVIEWTHE EVOLUTION OF THE CLARINET OCCURRED IN SIX MAIN STAGES:1. Ancient Instruments -the chalumeau is the most well-known ancestor to the clarinet2. The two-key clarinet -Denner added two keys to the chalumeau to create the first clarinet3. The five-key clarinet -by 1800, the clarinet had 5 or 6 keys and a removable mouthpiece4. The 13-key clarinet -Muller developed a 13-key model that gave the player a better tone, more flexibility, and more contrast in volume5. The 17-key clarinet -Baermann added keys to help fix problems of earlier clarinets6. The modern day clarinet -the clarinet did not go through any more major physical changes, but several famous musicians continued to perfect the instrument and create the modern day clarinet
  11. 11. Famous ClarinetistsBenny Goodman Stanley Drucker Eddie DanielsRichard Stoltzman Sabine Meyer Guy Deplus Yehuda Gilad
  12. 12. Clarinet RecordingsSonata in E-flat Major, Allegretto Saint-SaensSonata in F Major, Allegretto Gracioso BrahmsConcerto for Clarinet in A Major, Adagio Mozart

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