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The Big 4
The Big 4
The Big 4
The Big 4
The Big 4
The Big 4
The Big 4
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The Big 4

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Transcript

  • 1. The Big 4
  • 2. Organic Compounds
    • Unique to living systems
    • Contain carbon
    • Generally very large with functional groups
      • No Carbon dioxide, CO, etc
  • 3. Monosaccharides
  • 4. Fncns of Carbs
    • Small amounts used for structural purposes
    • Ready, easily used cellular fuel
      • ATP synthesis
        • Converted to fat when ATP supplies are sufficient
  • 5. Lipids
    • Contain C, H, and O, but the proportion of oxygen in lipids is less than in carbohydrates
    • Examples:
    • Neutral fats or triglycerides
    • Phospholipids
    • Steroids
    • Eicosanoids
  • 6. Amino Acids
    • Building blocks of protein, containing an amino group and a carboxyl group
    • Amino group NH 2
    • Carboxyl groups COOH
  • 7. Protein
    • Macromolecules composed of combinations of 20 types of amino acids bound together with peptide bonds
    Figure 2.17

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