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Chapter 6 4


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Chapter 6 4

  1. 1. Organic and Biochemistry
  2. 2. <ul><li>Organic Compound- compound that contain Carbon. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember what you know about Carbon </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic # = 6 p=6 n=6 e=6 </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic mass = 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Oxidation number = 4 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Why Carbon is different? </li></ul><ul><li>Bonding- Carbon can form 4 covalent bonds. </li></ul><ul><li>Arrangement- </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon can form </li></ul><ul><li>-chains </li></ul><ul><li>-branched chains </li></ul><ul><li>-rings </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Polymer - when smaller molecules are hooked together to make a new very large molecule. </li></ul><ul><li>Monomer - a small molecule. Many monomers make up a polymer. </li></ul>Monomer Polymer
  5. 5. <ul><li>Carbohydrates - organic compounds that consist of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. There are 2 times as many hydrogens than carbon and oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: C 6 H 12 O 6 Glucose 1:2:1 </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Sugars are major type of carbohydrates. Sugars are monomers while starches are polymers. Carbohydrates are energy sources. </li></ul>Glucose Starch
  7. 7. How Glucose is Formed
  8. 8. <ul><li>Lipid - organic compound that consist of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. Does not have a 1:2:1 ratio. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Saturated fats- fats that contain only single bonded carbon atoms. It’s saturated with hydrogen atoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Unsaturated fats - fats that contain at least one double bond or triple bond. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Protein - large organic polymer formed by many organic monomers called amino acids. </li></ul><ul><li>All proteins contain an amine group (NH 2 ) and a carboxyl group. These groups combine together to make a peptide. The bond between them is called a peptide bond. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Carboxyl group Amine group Peptide Peptide Bond Making of Protein
  12. 12. <ul><li>Nucleic Acids- organic compounds that consist of sugar, phosphate and a nucleotide. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: DNA and RNA </li></ul>
  13. 14. Nucleotides