Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish "The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health"

308

Published on

Science Forum 2013 (www.scienceforum13.org) …

Science Forum 2013 (www.scienceforum13.org)
Breakout Session 3 - DIET DIVERSIFICATION
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, WorldFish

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
308
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The Role of Fish for Nutrition and Health: Bangladesh as a case study Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted Senior Nutrition Scientist, WorldFish
  • 2. Fish and Bangladesh - Rich water and fisheries resources: inland, coastal and marine - Important for food, livelihood and income, especially of the rural poor - Low intakes of energy, vitamins and minerals, fat and essential fatty acids, animal protein - Population groups relying on fish as a common food suffer disproportionately from malnutrition - Fish in food-based approaches: Applicable to many population groups in other low-income African and Asian countries
  • 3. Consumption of Nutrient-rich Foods in Bangladesh Frequency of consumption of nutrient-rich foods in the preceding 14 days (% of households) (BBS Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2010) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Fish Leafy vegetable Fruit Egg Milk Meat %ofhouseholds 7-14 days consumption 0-6 days consumption
  • 4. Small Fish Species Improve Dietary Diversity • Common food eaten with rice • Adds flavour and taste to the meal • Improves dietary diversity • Cooked with vegetables, oil and spices, further improves dietary diversity, adding nutrients and health-promoting substances • Processed (dried), stored - prolonging duration of consumption, reach • Irreplaceable animal-source food • Rich source of multiple nutrients • Animal protein • Essential fats • Essential micronutrients: minerals and vitamins • Enhances mineral bioavailability from foods in the meal
  • 5. Decrease in Capture Fisheries Dramatic Success in Aquaculture • Capture Fisheries: - total no. of all species consumed: 100 per year - small fish species: 85 % of total amount consumed - frequent harvesting of small amounts of fish for consumption • Aquaculture: - large fish species - very few species (carps, tilapia, pangasius - harvesting at one time for sale
  • 6. Nutrient Content of Small and Large Fish Species Nutrient content of small indigenous and cultured fish species in Bangladesh VITAMIN A CALCIUM IRON ZINC FISH SPECIES (RAE/100 g raw, edible parts) (mg/100 g raw, edible parts) (mg/100 g raw, edible parts) (mg/100 g raw, edible parts) Small indigenous fish species Chanda (Parambassis baculis) - 1,153 2.1 2.6 Darkina (Esomus danricus) 880 775 12.0 4.0 Mola (Amblypharyngodon mola) 2,680 776 5.7 3.2 Puti (Puntius sophore) 60 1,042 3.3 3.8 Cultured fish species Pangasius (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) - 8.6 0.7 0.6 Silver carp (Hypophthamichthys molitrix) < 30 36 4.4 1.4 Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) < 30 95 1.1 1.2 Perceptions of Health Benefits of Specific Small Fish Species (by Bangladeshi Women): good for/protect eyes; full of vitamins; good for pregnancy and lactation; gives strength; builds up blood
  • 7. Innovative Production Technologies for Small Fish • Sustainable management of wetlands with enhanced stocking of nutrient-rich small fish • Small-scale homestead pond polyculture of carps and nutrient-rich small fish (mola) - small fish for household intake - carps for household income • Integration of: - Production of nutrient-rich vegetables in homestead and on pond dykes - Behaviour change communication on essential nutrition and hygiene actions - Gender equity
  • 8. Increased Fish Production Alone is Insufficient • Behaviour Change Communication: for increased fish consumption, especially at the start of complementary feeding • Improvement in Post-harvest Processes: processing (drying), storage, marketing, food safety, cooking methods • Reduction of Spoilage and Wastage • Increased Use of Small Marine Fish for Human Consumption present use: fish meal and fish oil
  • 9. Nutrient composition of fish-based complementary food (per 100 g dry product) 15% dried darkina fish, 30% orange sweet potato flour, 10% soybean oil, 45% rice flour Energy Protein Fat Iron Zinc Calcium Vit A 420 kcal 12 g 13 g 15 mg 4.5 mg 895 mg 836 RAE
  • 10. Fish and Fish Products in 1,000 Days and Beyond • Fish chutney for women and adolescent girls: dried small fish, onion, garlic, chili and oil – community-based income generation for women • Business Analysis and Plan: e.g. source and price of ingredients; manufacturing, shelf life, marketing, demand
  • 11. Moving Forward • Data Needs – fish species nutrient composition, intra- household consumption, enhancing factor of fish on bioavailability • Scaling Out of Production Systems with small fish species • Focus on Food Systems and Diet – not single food / nutrient • Partnership and Collaboration

×