Aquafarming

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Aquafarming

  1. 1. AQUAFARMING
  2. 2. <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>also known as aquaculture </li></ul><ul><li>cultivation of aquatic organisms </li></ul><ul><li>under controlled conditions </li></ul><ul><li>~ ponds, net cages in lakes or oceans, </li></ul><ul><li>rectangle raceway tanks, round </li></ul><ul><li>tanks, earthen tanks lined </li></ul><ul><li>with plastics etc. </li></ul>
  3. 3. TYPES OF AQUAFARMING
  4. 4. Fish Farming  principal form of aquaculture  raising fish commercially in tanks enclosures, usually for food.  salmon, catfish, tilapia, cod, carp, trout
  5. 5. Mariculture  cultivation of marine organisms for food and other products  carry out in an enclosed section of the ocean, or in tanks, ponds or raceways which are filled with seawater  examples:marine fish, prawns, or oysters  non food products:fish meal, nutrient agar,cultured pearls, and cosmetics.
  6. 6. Shrimp Farming  aquaculture business for the cultivation of marine shrimp for human consumption  Brazil is the largest producer of farmed shrimp  Thailand is the largest exporting nation
  7. 7. CONTRIBUTON
  8. 8. <ul><li>aquaculture's contribution to global , increasing from 3.9 % of total production by weight in 1970 to 27.3 % in 2000.  the sector has increased at an average compounded rate of 9.2 % per year since 1970, compared with only 1.4 % (capture fisheries),2.8 % (terrestrial farmed meat production systems). </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>As fishing has become more industrialised, and wild fish stocks increasingly depleted, aquaculture production has grown rapidly to address the shortfalls in capture fisheries </li></ul>
  10. 10. Generally fisheries sector can be categorized in three aspects: ~ source of foreign exchange in trades ~ source of affordable and reliable animal protein and income provision ~ new source of income for country
  11. 11. Few steps are taken by government to promote aquafarming : ~ Projek Berimpak Besar (HIP) ~ Zon Industri Akuakultur (ZIA) Peringkat Kebangsaan ~ Sungai Como di Tasik Kenyir
  12. 12. There are few modern technologies used in aquaculture which are eco-friendly: ~ Recirculation Aquaculture Systems (RAS) ~ Integrated Multi-trophic Aquaculture ( Aquaponic ).
  13. 13. Challenges
  14. 14. In assessing future challenges for the fisheries sector, FAO (1999c) has identified a number of key issues that span the entire sector, and which are of primary policy importance. These challenges include:
  15. 15. ~ maintaining the contribution made by fisheries and aquaculture ~ strengthening the base for fisheries management and aquaculture development ~ improving governance and more effective effective conflict resolution ~ facilitating greater transparency in fisheries sector decision making at all levels
  16. 16. ~ improving access to, and the dissemination of, good quality and timely information in the most appropriate formats ~ reducing by-catch and discards ~ promoting cooperation in fish trade ~ integrating coastal area planning and management more effectively
  17. 22. References <ul><li>http://akuakulturplaza.blogspot.com/feeds/p </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.factoryfarming.com/fish_aqua </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquafarmingculture.htmosts/default </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fishdept.sabah.gov.my/download/INVESTMENT%20PROSPECTS.PDF </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.northernaquafarms.com/aquaculture/page5.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.todayaqua.com/Special%20Events/2004%2C%20January/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.townplanning.sabah.gov.my/iczm/Reports/Coastal%20Profile%20Sabah/ch11/11-FISHERIES.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.xianleng.com.my/profile/history.html </li></ul>
  18. 23. Thank you

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