‘Being aware of your culture is an excellent starting point for Development’
The Bulgarian culture before the Liberation The formation of the Bulgarian culture is a long and extremely complex process. From 1393 to 1878 Bulgaria is in the territory of the Ottoman Empire. Its development is stopped until the second half of 18th Century. After that it is characterized with a development called “the Bulgarian Revival”..
The Bulgarian culture after the Liberation After The Liberation in 1878 important for the cultural policy of the Bulgarian state is the Ministry of National Enlightenment (Ministry of Education) which provides funds for the maintanence of different cultural centers.
Historical Prospects: Cultural Policies and Instruments During the 45 years of Socialism there could be outlined some types of common characteristics:
Full centralization of themanagement
of the cultural processes;
Ideological monopoly in the imposing of the cultural values;
The extensive development of the culture is on focus;
Basic Priorities of the Contemporary Cultural Policy of Bulgaria Decentralization of the management and funding the culture; Alteration in the cultural legislation intended for receiving the new social and economic challenges; Building of administrative circle assisting the cultural development and the European integration; Guaranteed equality of rights of the state, municipal and private cultural institutions; Promoting the partnership of the Non-governmental sector; Observation of the universal values of the cultural diversity; Participation in the process of International Cultural Exchange for Bulgarian artists;
Ways of funding of the culture The State; Funds ( National Cultural Fund, “13 Centuries Bulgaria”) Alternative sources;
Bulgarian Cultural Institutions in Europe There are 10 cultural institutions abroad. They are situated in different European capitals. Foreign Institutes in Bulgaria are: Institut culturel Français et de cooperation, Goethe Institut, British Counciland so on;
Cultural Tourism in Bulgaria There are different forms of cultural tourism in Bulgaria. Some of them are:
Tourism in Figures -There is a growth of 6% in the number of foreign tourists who visit Bulgaria for the period from January to February 2011 compared tothe same period of 2010. - The revenues from international tourism in January 2011 are amounted to 109.1 million euros, 5% more than the same period of 2010.
Bulgaria is a participant in international conventions on minority rights as well as all kinds of racial discrimination;
The Ministry of Culture carries out the practical realization of the principles of protection of cultural diversity .
National Council for Cooperation on Ethnic and Demographic Issues to the Council of Ministers National Council for Cooperation on Ethnic and Demographic Issues (NCCEDI) is an advisory and coordinating body that assists the Council of Ministers for the developing and implementation of the state policy on ethnic and demographic issues.
Commission for Roma Integration (to the NCCEDI) defines Framework Programme and Action Plan for equal Integration of Roma in Bulgarian society
Other organizations for the protection of minorities and cultural integration
Commission for Protection against Discrimination (CPD) is an independent specialized state authority that prevent discrimination. It is funded by grants from the state budget and other resources.
CPD provides independent assistance to victims of discrimination;
It conducts independent surveys that concern discrimination.
Women in politics Women receive the right to vote finally in 1947 with the so-called “Dimitrov’s Constitution”. Women's participation in politics and governance is very low - 30%. Currently there are only 10 Bulgarian women in the European Commission.
“Chitalishte” The first steps of cultural centers are in the middle of the 19th century. Born during the Bulgarian Revival, cultural centers sophisticate definite social needs and become part of the rich characteristics of the era. The first cultural centers, established in 1856 are the following : In Svishtov - ChitalishteElenka and Kiril Abram “ in Lom – Chitalishte “Persistence"; In Shumen"DobriVoynikov” During the 80s the cultural centers number 4325 Nowadays the number of the registered cultural centers in Bulgaria is 3495
Folklore in Bulgaria means that part of the tradition of agrarian development of the society contains forms of creativity that can be defined as arts.
Folklore is part of the official culture, reproduced and supported institutionally. The most important role in these processes since the 19th century to today have local ‘cultural’ or literally speaking ‘reading’ centers (Chitalishta).
Thus folklore becomes a major cultural resource for the development of modern Bulgarian art in all forms - art, music, literature and etc.
The main task of the cultural policy is to trace and revive the forgotten ancient folk customs, which, artistically shaped, appear to strengthen the interest in national folk art and patriotic feelings.
Phenomena of regional folk culture - masquerade games, singing, dancing and instrumental performance turn to a legacy of the city.
Today there are many dates in the official calendar, which often contain folk elements. Those are national festivals and song competitions and regional holidays. Rose Festival, Kazanlak
The holiday "Panagia" - Ascension of bread Kyustendil
An interesting example for the transmission of traditional motives in “high culture” is the story of our Renaissance writer LyubenKaravelov “Bulgarians from olden times”, Which was interpreted as an operetta and a musical with the same name. Operetta “Bulgarians from olden times "Director: Nicholas Aprilov Music: Asen Karastoyanov Conductor: Krassimir Kashev
Thank you for your attention! Prepared by: Boris PavlovDiana BozhkovaPetya Petrova