Marc Prensky, Keynote

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Keynote presentation given by Marc Prensky @ Handheld Learning 2007

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  • http://www.fioricetsupply.com is the place to resolve the price problem. Buy now and make a deal for you.
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  • See the video of Marc giving this presentation at:

    http://handheldlearning.blip.tv/file/444704/

    More video's on the subject of learning using mobile and ubiquitous technologies can be found at:

    http://handheldlearning.blip.tv

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    http://www.handheldlearning.org<br /><br/>
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Marc Prensky, Keynote

  1. Marc Prensky [email_address] www.marcprensky.com © 2007 Marc Prensky © 2007 Marc Prensky Handheld Learning 2007 October 11, 2007 London, UK
  2. © 2007 Marc Prensky My Education Credentials <ul><li>Master of Arts in Teaching (Yale) </li></ul><ul><li>Taught High School Math (5 yrs) </li></ul><ul><li>Ran a Street Academy </li></ul><ul><li>Taught Elementary School French </li></ul><ul><li>Taught College Music </li></ul><ul><li>Still Tutor Math </li></ul><ul><li>Have interviewed close to 1000 kids </li></ul>
  3. © 2007 Marc Prensky Education Projects <ul><li>FL, L.A. Virtual Schools Courses </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry Game (MeCHeM) </li></ul><ul><li>Physics Game (Waste of Space) </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic Table Cell Phone Game (EleMental) </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Literacy Game (MoneyU) </li></ul><ul><li>GAMES A LA CARTE – Make your own </li></ul><ul><li>Algebra I Game (The Algebots, in development) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Teacher Game (to come) </li></ul>Education Projects
  4. My Latest Book: © 2007 Marc Prensky
  5. © 2007 Marc Prensky How Computer and Video Games Are Preparing Your Kids for Twenty-first Century Success – and How You Can Help!
  6. How many of you have sent an email in the past 24 hours? © 2007 Marc Prensky
  7. “ Email is for old people ” – A student © 2007 Marc Prensky – A headline in The Chronicle of Higher Education
  8. “ Most of us prefer to walk backward into the future… © 2007 Marc Prensky
  9. … a posture which may be uncomfortable… © 2007 Marc Prensky
  10. … but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.” -- Charles Handy © 2007 Marc Prensky
  11. © 2003 Marc Prensky 21 st CENTURY EDUCATOR © 2007 Marc Prensky
  12. © 2007 Marc Prensky CHANGE TIME Our Lives © 2007 Marc Prensky We are here Discontinuity: Digital Technology
  13. © 2007 Marc Prensky These days NEW TOOLS COME FAST… <ul><li>Sped-up video </li></ul><ul><li>Picture Search </li></ul><ul><li>IM/texting </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Phone polling </li></ul><ul><li>My Space </li></ul><ul><li>Handhelds </li></ul><ul><li>P2P </li></ul><ul><li>Complex Games </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Web 3.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Augmented Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Phone cameras </li></ul><ul><li>Phone videos </li></ul><ul><li>GPS </li></ul><ul><li>You Tube </li></ul><ul><li>MoSoSo </li></ul>
  14. © 2007 Marc Prensky Yahoo search Google search Email IM iPod vPod TV You Tube Hard drives Flash memory … and tool switching is already close to instantaneous
  15. © 2007 Marc Prensky CHANGE TIME Our Students’ Lives © 2007 Marc Prensky
  16. [our kids were] “born to the idea of rapid change” -- Nicola Griffith in Slow River (1995) © 2007 Marc Prensky
  17. © 2007 Marc Prensky The change that is THREATENING to the Immigrants…
  18. © 2007 Marc Prensky The change that is THREATENING to the Immigrants… … is EMPOWERING to the natives!
  19. © 2007 Marc Prensky It means the nature of education is changing!
  20. © 2007 Marc Prensky Inventing new tools to solve problems 21 st Century+ Solving problems with the tools we have Pre - 21 st Century
  21. © 2007 Marc Prensky Helping Students Invent New Tools? How many teachers see their job as
  22. © 2007 Marc Prensky That’s why Handhelds are SO IMPORTANT!
  23. “ We grow up interacting – through computers and through our cell phones – and that’s how we learn. – A graduate student © 2007 Marc Prensky
  24. © 2007 Marc Prensky Yet, we have been educating our kids with the same generation of technology AS THIS:
  25. © 2007 Marc Prensky 18 th Century Childbirth
  26. © 2007 Marc Prensky Medicine has moved into the 21 st century; WHY HASN’T EDUCATION?
  27. “ Why do we have to adapt to the past? Why shouldn’t we be taught to in different ways!” – A College student © 2007 Marc Prensky
  28. Why You Should Want Your Kids to Have Handhelds © 2007 Marc Prensky
  29. © 2007 Marc Prensky CHANGE YEARS Timeline © 2007 Marc Prensky 5 10 15 20 25 30 Technology 1 billion times more powerful Machines more powerful than the human brain Implanted / wearable Real-time environments Handheld computers with Power of today’s super-c Mobile phone wallets
  30. © 2003 Marc Prensky 21 st CENTURY EDUCATOR © 2007 Marc Prensky
  31. © 2007 Marc Prensky When will all this change END!??
  32. © 2007 Marc Prensky IT WON’T !!!
  33. We have to GET USED TO the Idea of Rapid Change! © 2007 Marc Prensky
  34. © 2007 Marc Prensky … even in our Schools!
  35. © 2007 Marc Prensky The world our kids inhabit is already hugely different from our own
  36. “ You look at technology as a tool. We look at technology as a foundation – it’s totally integrated into what we do.” – a student © 2007 Marc Prensky
  37. © 2007 Marc Prensky It’s time to TURN AROUND!!
  38. © 2007 Marc Prensky And FACE the future
  39. “ Feel the fear – and do it anyway!” -- Elizabeth Moon in The Speed of Dark (2003) © 2007 Marc Prensky
  40. © 2006 Marc Prensky What if we don’t?
  41. © 2006 Marc Prensky
  42.  
  43.  
  44.  
  45. Of course, our kids can always get the hi-touch non-offshorable jobs… © 2007 Marc Prensky
  46. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  47. © 2007 Marc Prensky So let’s talk about…
  48. © 2007 Marc Prensky 21 st century kids…
  49. Who ARE these people, anyway! © 2007 Marc Prensky
  50. not “ little us’s” anymore! © 2007 Marc Prensky
  51.  
  52. Today’s younger learners are NOT the ones our systems (and teachers) were designed and trained to teach! © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2007 Marc Prensky
  53. <ul><li>5-10,000 hours Video Games </li></ul><ul><li>250,000 emails and IMs </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 hours on cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 hours TV (incl. You tube) </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 commercials </li></ul>© 2007 Marc Prensky Why? <ul><li>< 5,000 hours book reading </li></ul>
  54. Digital Natives <ul><li>2 billion ring tones per year </li></ul><ul><li>2 billion songs per month </li></ul><ul><li>6 billion text messages per day </li></ul>© 2007 Marc Prensky
  55. DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY © 2007 Marc Prensky
  56. Is their BIRTHRIGHT! © 2007 Marc Prensky
  57. © 2007 Marc Prensky Sky (b. 2005)
  58. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  59. “ [Young people] are not just using technology differently today, but are approaching their life and their daily activities differently because of the technology.” --Net Day “Speak-up Day” Summary © 2007 Marc Prensky
  60. The emerging ONLINE LIFE of the Digital Native © 2007 Marc Prensky
  61. The e-Life <ul><li>Communicating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IM, chat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs, MySpace </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Buying & Selling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ebay, craigslist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exchanging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>peer-to-peer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, You Tube, search </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meeting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gaming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online, MMORPGs, Cell Phones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Searching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Info, connections, people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Analyzing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SETI, drug molecules </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moblogs, photos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Programming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open systems, mods search </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socializing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning social behavior, influence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Growing Up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploring, transgressing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coordinating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reputation systems–Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collecting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mp3s videos, sensor data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sites, avatars, mods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evolving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peripheral, emergent behaviors </li></ul></ul>© 2007 Marc Prensky Digital Natives REFERENCE
  62. The e-Life <ul><li>Communicating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IM, chat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs, MySpace </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Buying & Selling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ebay, craigslist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exchanging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>peer-to-peer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, You Tube, search </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meeting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gaming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online, MMORPGs, Cell Phones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Searching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Info, connections, people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Analyzing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SETI, drug molecules </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moblogs, photos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Programming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open systems, mods search </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socializing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning social behavior, influence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Growing Up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploring, transgressing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coordinating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reputation systems–Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collecting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mp3s videos, sensor data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sites, avatars, mods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evolving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peripheral, emergent behaviors </li></ul></ul>© 2007 Marc Prensky Digital Natives
  63. “ The single largest differentiator … is the social network.” -- Jack Mckenzie, SVP Frank N. Magid Associates © 2007 Marc Prensky
  64. “ The single largest differentiator … is the social network.” -- Jack Mckenzie, SVP Frank N. Magid Associates © 2007 Marc Prensky
  65. © 2007 Marc Prensky Equity?
  66. © 2007 Marc Prensky Yes, some have more access than others, BUT THEY ARE ALL DIGITAL KIDS
  67. © 2007 Marc Prensky They are great at sharing, teaching each other, and getting what they need
  68. © 2007 Marc Prensky And we need to help make this happen!
  69. © 2007 Marc Prensky Instead of bemoaning the “digital divide”, we can be a big part of the Solution!
  70. © 2007 Marc Prensky That’s another place Handhelds can help!
  71. © 2007 Marc Prensky WHY are so many kids tuning out of today’s school?
  72. BORED They’re © 2007 Marc Prensky
  73. © 2007 Marc Prensky DEATH To
  74. “ Whenever I go to school I have to ‘power down’ ” – a high school student © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2007 Marc Prensky
  75. It’s not attention deficit – I’m just not listening! © 2005 Marc Prensky © 2005 Marc Prensky
  76. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  77. © 2007 Marc Prensky WHY are our kids SO BORED In school?
  78. © 2007 Marc Prensky 1. We’re not teaching them the right stuff
  79. © 2007 Marc Prensky TRUE!
  80. © 2007 Marc Prensky Because we are too focused on the past
  81. © 2007 Marc Prensky And not on their FUTURE!
  82. “ My passion is my future.” – a student © 2007 Marc Prensky
  83. © 2007 Marc Prensky CHANGE YEARS © 2007 Marc Prensky 5 10 15 20 25 30 Technology 1 billion times more powerful Machines more powerful than the human brain Implanted / wearable Real-time environments Handheld computers with Power of today’s super-c Mobile phone wallets
  84. © 2007 Marc Prensky We have to integrate the future into our curriculum!
  85. Nanotechnology Bioethics Programming Genomics Proteomics Biomimickry Today’s Kids Need © 2007 Marc Prensky
  86. © 2007 Marc Prensky For Logical Thinking: 2 semesters geometry? PROGRAMMING Integrated into all subjects
  87. © 2007 Marc Prensky Kids need to learn HTML Cyber English:
  88. © 2007 Marc Prensky Kids need to learn SIMULATION Cyber Social Studies
  89. © 2007 Marc Prensky Kids need to learn MULTIPLE LANGUAGE TEXTING Cyber Foreign Languages
  90. We have to teach Our kids Twenty-first Century Skills! © 2007 Marc Prensky
  91. © 2007 Marc Prensky 21 st Century Skills
  92. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  93. <ul><ul><li>For us to know what makes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>people effective, </li></ul><ul><li>and NOT teach it </li></ul><ul><li>to our kids </li></ul><ul><li>IS CRIMINAL! </li></ul>© 2007 Marc Prensky
  94. 21 st Century Skills <ul><li>1. Knowing the right thing to do </li></ul><ul><li>Behaving Ethically </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Judgment </li></ul>© 2007 Marc Prensky
  95. 21 st Century Skills <ul><li>2. Getting it done </li></ul><ul><li>Goal Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Evaluation </li></ul>© 2007 Marc Prensky
  96. 21 st Century Skills <ul><li>3. Doing it with others </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating/Interacting: </li></ul><ul><li>With individuals & groups </li></ul><ul><li>(especially using technol.) </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating/Interacting: </li></ul><ul><li>With Machines (= Programming) </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating/Interacting: </li></ul><ul><li>With a World Audience </li></ul>© 2007 Marc Prensky
  97. 21 st Century Skills <ul><li>4. Doing it creatively </li></ul><ul><li>Creative thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Designing </li></ul><ul><li>Playing </li></ul><ul><li>Finding your voice </li></ul>© 2007 Marc Prensky
  98. 21 st Century Skills <ul><li>5. Constantly doing it better </li></ul><ul><li>Being proactive </li></ul><ul><li>Prudent risk-taking </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking long-term </li></ul><ul><li>Continually improving </li></ul><ul><li>through learning </li></ul>© 2007 Marc Prensky
  99. © 2007 Marc Prensky How do I do all that in this era of Standards and Assessments ?????
  100. © 2007 Marc Prensky We have to find a way!
  101. © 2007 Marc Prensky My approach: “ Curriculum Deletion”
  102. © 2007 Marc Prensky Right now we are full You can’t add something about the future unless you delete something from the past
  103. © 2007 Marc Prensky WHY are our kids SO BORED In school?
  104. © 2007 Marc Prensky 2. We’re not teaching in the right way
  105. © 2007 Marc Prensky ALSO TRUE!
  106. © 2007 Marc Prensky THINGS HAVE CHANGED We’re not in the 18 th century anymore, Toto
  107. © 2007 Marc Prensky Metaphor
  108. Kids used to grow Up in the dark © 2007 Marc Prensky
  109.  
  110. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  111. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  112. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  113. © 2007 Marc Prensky © 2007 Marc Prensky
  114. We were the people © 2007 Marc Prensky Who Showed Students The Light
  115. © 2007 Marc Prensky Today’s kids Grow up in the light
  116. © 2007 Marc Prensky SCHOOL
  117. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  118. We want to be the people © 2007 Marc Prensky who Show Students the Light
  119. The danger is that… © 2007 Marc Prensky
  120. With the very best of intentions, © 2007 Marc Prensky
  121. © 2007 Marc Prensky We pull students out of the light into darkness!
  122. CAN WE TURN ON THE LIGHTS ??? © 2007 Marc Prensky
  123. © 2007 Marc Prensky For the first time,
  124. © 2007 Marc Prensky our schools
  125. © 2007 Marc Prensky Have some serious competition
  126. The kind of learning we want… © 2007 Marc Prensky
  127. … where students learn in new ways… © 2007 Marc Prensky
  128. … where they’re highly motivated to learn, both on their own and with their peers… © 2007 Marc Prensky
  129. … is already happening. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  130. Outside of school… © 2007 Marc Prensky
  131. … without us! © 2007 Marc Prensky
  132. © 2007 Marc Prensky “ After School” (21 st century learning) Future Learning Stuff they Know they Need PULLED BY THEM = Exciting Today’s Education is Bifurcating Quickly “ School” (Credentials) Legacy Stuff Stuff that is Irrelevant PUSHED ON THEM = Boring
  133. “ We decided to bypass the schools.” – Deborah Schwartz, MOMA © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2007 Marc Prensky
  134. “ Avoid the schools!” – Dr. James Rosser © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2007 Marc Prensky
  135. “ The greatest opportunity for change is currently found in after-school programs and informal learning communities.” – MacArthur White Paper © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2007 Marc Prensky
  136. CAN SCHOOL COMPETE? © 2007 Marc Prensky
  137. CAN WE TURN ON THE LIGHTS ??? © 2007 Marc Prensky
  138. © 2007 Marc Prensky “ There’s so much separation between how students think and how teachers think” -- a (female) high school junior
  139. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  140. 3D PRINTER © 2007 Marc Prensky
  141. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  142. <ul><li>One size fits all </li></ul><ul><li>Doing & Gameplay </li></ul>learn from © 2007 Marc Prensky teach by <ul><li>One Thing at a Time </li></ul><ul><li>Linear Stories </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting & Telling </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-tasking </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of Choices </li></ul><ul><li>Random Access & </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring Options </li></ul><ul><li>Delivering content </li></ul><ul><li>Being Engaged </li></ul><ul><li>Face-to-face </li></ul><ul><li>Going Online </li></ul><ul><li>Going relatively slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Going really quickly </li></ul>Digital Natives Digital Immigrants
  143. © 2007 Marc Prensky “ After school,” the kids have already found a better way to learn
  144. © 2007 Marc Prensky “ A New Paradigm” For Learning
  145. © 2007 Marc Prensky Kids being taught Kids teaching themselves (with guidance) Old Paradigm New Paradigm BOREDOM ENGAGEMENT
  146. The old paradigm requires no technology The new paradigm demands it! © 2007 Marc Prensky
  147. In the old paradigm, technology can hinder. In the new paradigm technology is required! © 2007 Marc Prensky
  148. The Five Stages of Teachers and Technology © 2007 Marc Prensky
  149. TECHNOLOGY © 2007 Marc Prensky 1. Hiding
  150. © 2007 Marc Prensky 2. Panic
  151. TECHNOLOGY © 2007 Marc Prensky 3. Acceptance
  152. TECH-NOLOGY © 2007 Marc Prensky 4. Comfort
  153. 5. Power TECH- NOLOGY © 2007 Marc Prensky
  154. © 2007 Marc Prensky Today’s kids know The power of technology…
  155. © 2007 Marc Prensky Because they can make it do what they need
  156. What’s different about the new technology is that it is programmable. – Alan Kay © 2007 Marc Prensky
  157. © 2007 Marc Prensky PROGRAMMING Is making a machine do what YOU want
  158. © 2007 Marc Prensky The kids know they are the ones who can program
  159. © 2007 Marc Prensky
  160. The kids know Programming is the Key Tool and Literacy of the 21st Century © 2007 Marc Prensky
  161. © 2007 Marc Prensky What needs programming? <ul><li>Our communication </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Web </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cell phones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Answering systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Our jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problem solving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal computers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business systems </li></ul></ul></ul>
  162. © 2007 Marc Prensky What needs programming? <ul><li>Our schools </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instruction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Our government </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul></ul></ul>
  163. © 2007 Marc Prensky What needs programming? <ul><li>Our homes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thermostat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alarm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appliances </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stereo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DVD / Home theater </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Our cars </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cabin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Engine </li></ul></ul></ul>
  164. © 2007 Marc Prensky What needs programming? <ul><li>Our Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My Space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Our recreation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>iPod / Tivo / Interactive TV </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Games </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicles </li></ul></ul></ul>
  165. © 2007 Marc Prensky What needs programming? <ul><li>Our Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Math – Problem solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science – Testing hypotheses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Languages – Dictionaries / guides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Studies – Simulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English – Research, analysis </li></ul></ul>
  166. Things Requiring Programming © 2007 Marc Prensky
  167. What WE Don’t yet know © 2007 Marc Prensky
  168. Is how to help our kids learn to PROGRAM In more and more sophisticated ways © 2007 Marc Prensky
  169. What if we don’t? © 2007 Marc Prensky
  170. © 2007 Marc Prensky (now hiring)
  171. Thank You! © 2007 Marc Prensky
  172. © 2007 Marc Prensky web sites: www.marcprensky.com www.socialimpactgames.com www.gamesparentsteachers.com www.games2train.com Continue the Dialog! [email_address]

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