Alcohol is a sedative hypnotic drug that depresses the central nervous system, making you feel more relaxed.
Alcohol is socially accepted as something everyone drinks and is not illegal.
As such, it is not seen as something dangerous or a problem.
Addiction and alcoholism are big problems in society.
Cigarettes and other tobacco products contain nicotine
Nicotine is the most widely used drug of abuse
Nicotine is generally recognised to be one of the most addictive of all drugs.
Smoking or chewing tobacco is not illegal
Nicotine has few adverse effects on physical health, it’s the other chemicals taken in along with nicotine which do much of the damage.
There are many drugs, both legal and illegal.
They all have various different effects.
Drug abuse is common.
Abuse can lead to addiction.
Treatment, rehabilitation and recovery from addiction is a long hard road!
Addiction is a primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by continuous or episodic impaired control over drinking or drug use, preoccupation with alcohol or drugs, use of alcohol or drugs despite adverse consequences, and distortion in thinking, most notably denial.
Simply put, Addiction means a person has no control over whether he or she uses a drug or drinks. Someone who's addicted has grown so used to the drug that he or she has to have it. Addiction can be physical, psychological, or both.
What Are Substance Abuse and Addiction?
The difference between substance abuse and addiction is very slight.
Substance abuse means using an illegal substance or using a legal substance in the wrong way.
Addiction begins as abuse.
You can abuse a drug (or alcohol) without having an addiction.
People can get addicted to all sorts of substances.
Why is this important to you now?
Because ADOLESCENCE is the time when most substance abuse occurs, and where people start forming their first addictions.
Why at this age?
Subject to peer pressure
Want to be independent
Some Factors Affecting Drug Experimentation/Continued Use/Addiction Genetics Peer Pressure Stress Availability Trauma/abuse Curiosity Boredom Psychiatric problems
Cycle of Addiction Drug Use Physical dependence Withdrawal symptoms Need for drugs Obtain money for drugs Obtain drugs