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for health care professionals presenting on climate change and health (affiliate with climate 911)

for health care professionals presenting on climate change and health (affiliate with climate 911)

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  • Data are now widely available from surveys of happiness and life satisfaction In these surveys, people are asked to rate their level of happiness or life satisfaction on a numerical scale (from 1-10 for example) If we look at these data over time for countries like the U.S. or UK, we find that although GDP per capita has more than tripled since 1950, people have not become any happier “ Americans have been more successful decoupling GDP from happiness than in decoupling it from material and energy” The chart is from Layard, R., 2005. Happiness: lessons from a new science . Penguin Press, New York, p. 30. The quote is from: Victor, P.A., 2008. Managing Without Growth: Slower by Design, Not Disaster . Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, p. 125.

Steve running powerpoint Steve running powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • Global Water Supply Threat Vorosmarty et al Nature 2010The global percentage of dry areas has increased byabout 1.74% (of global land area) per decade (11%)from 1950 to 2008. Aiguo Dai. J.Geophysical Res 2011
  • Happiness and GDP Percentage very happy United States Real income per person Percentage very happy Source: Layard (2005) “Americans have been more successful decoupling GDP from happiness than in decoupling it from material and energy” — Peter Victor 2
  • Fossil and Cement EmissionsGlobal fossil and cement emissions: 9.5±0.5PgC in 2011, 54% over 1990 Projection for 2012: 9.7±0.5PgC, 58% over 1990 Uncertainty is ±5% for one standard deviation (IPCC “likely” range) Source: Peters et al. 2012a; Le Quéré et al. 2012; CDIAC Data; Global Carbon Project 2012
  • The recent shift from coal to gas in the USA The recent shift from coal to gas in the US could “kick start” mitigationTo keep below 2ºC requires a shift to technologies with lower emissions Grey areas are: World War I, Great Depression, World War II, oil shocks Source: Peters et al. 2012a; CDIAC Data; Global Carbon Project 2012
  • Emissions from coal, oil, gas, cementEmissions growth 2000-2011: coal (4.9%/yr), oil (1.1%/yr), gas (2.7%/yr), cement (6.9%/yr), flaring (4.3%/yr, not shown) Share of global emissions in 2011 Source: CDIAC Data; Le Quéré et al. 2012; Global Carbon Project 2012
  • Top Fossil Fuel Emitters (Absolute) Top four emitters in 2011 covered 62% of global emissions China (28%), United States (16%), EU27 (11%), India (7%)The growing gap between EU27 and USA is due to emission decreases in Germany (45% of the1990-2011 cumulative difference), UK (19%), Romania (13%), Czech Republic (8%), and Poland (5%)
  • Major flows from Production to Consumption Start of Arrow: fossil-fuel consumption (production) End of arrow: goods and services consumption Values for 2007. EU27 is treated as one region. Units: TgC=PgC/1000 Source: Peters et al 2012b
  • Major flows from Extraction to Consumption Start of Arrow: fossil-fuel extraction End of arrow: goods and services consumption Arrow scaling different in previous figure Values for 2007. EU27 is treated as one region. Units: TgC=PgC/1000 Source: Peters et al 2012b
  • Since 1986:Western Fire Season 78 days longer4X Increase in Fires > 1000acres6X Increase in Acres Burned> Increase in Forests above 6500ft
  • Power Plants likeColstrip use 1 Train Car every 5 minutes
  • Energy Efficiency Works Per Capita Electricity Consumption 14,000 United States 12,000 10,000kWh/person 8,000 California 6,000 4,000 2,000 - 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004Source: California Energy Commission, 2005