Low Carbon Learning (User V1)

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  • Low Carbon Learning (User V1)

    1. 1. Craig Simmons Technical Director Low Carbon Learning and Communications
    2. 2. Source: Marland, G., T.A. Boden, and R. J. Andres. 2003 Our Carbon Footprint is Rising
    3. 3. Source: IPCC 4 th Assessment report (February 2007) Change in Temperature, Sea Level & Northern Hemisphere Snow Cover. “ 11 of the last 12 years (1995 -2006) rank among the 12 warmest… since 1850.”
    4. 4. Source: Marland, G., T.A. Boden, and R. J. Andres. 2003 Action is needed…
    5. 5. Climate change by degrees Amazon carbon f/b loop Arctic ice-albedo f/b loop Siberian methane f/b 1 ° 2 ° 3 ° 4 ° 5 ° Source: Lynas (2007) Six Degrees : our future on a hotter planet (figures based on 75% certainty) Probably unavoidable (>350 ppm CO 2 ) Emissions peak 2015 (400ppm CO 2 ) Emissions peak 2030 (450ppm CO 2 ) Emissions peak 2050 (550ppm CO 2 ) Emissions peak > 2050 (>650ppm CO 2 ) Ocean methane hydrate release Elimination of most life
    6. 6. Source: Brooks & Adger (Ambio, In Press) Global Frequency of Climate-related Disasters Human dimension often forgotten
    7. 7. Source: MOSUS project www.mosus.net Global Use of Resources (1980 - 2002) Carbon not the only issue…
    8. 8. Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005 www.millenniumassessment.org “ nearly two thirds of the services provided by nature to human-kind are found to be in decline worldwide”
    9. 9. Year of Peak Fish Harvest Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and Sea Around Us project Harvest peak Pre-peak Post-peak
    10. 10. Year of Peak Fish Harvest Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and Sea Around Us project Harvest peak Pre-peak Post-peak
    11. 11. Year of Peak Fish Harvest Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and Sea Around Us project Harvest peak Pre-peak Post-peak
    12. 12. At the moment, we are using 30% more than the Earth can sustainably provide. Source: Global Footprint Network / Best Foot Forward
    13. 13. Rising to 100% by 2050 (unless we act). Source: Global Footprint Network / Best Foot Forward
    14. 14. ‘ alphabet soup’ of policies Nations & Regions Organisation Project /event Product Person International footprinting standards IPCC Eurostat WBCSD/WRI; ISO 14064 PAS2050; (WBCSD); Legislative drivers Kyoto; EU targets; Climate Change Act; NI186; PSA 27; RTFO EU-ETS; Climate Change Act; CCA; CRC; NI 185 Climate Change Act EU Directives (e.g. EuP); CCL; Code for Sustainable Homes Personal carbon allowances?
    15. 15. Options for stabilisation (450/550ppm CO 2 e) Source: Stern Review 2006 “ Stabilisation - at whatever level - requires that annual emissions be brought down to the level that balances the Earth’s natural capacity to remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. .. This is more than 80% below the absolute level of current annual emissions.”
    16. 16. UK policy response framed by carbon budget Source: Committee on Climate Change 2008
    17. 17. Carbon reduction trajectory to 2050 Source: Committee on Climate Change 2008
    18. 18. Key challenges for organisations
    19. 19. <ul><li>A Case Study: </li></ul><ul><li>business travel vs. video-conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Client: GLA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home-working (webcam) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of professional VC equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compared with mixed mode business travel </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Current commuting; CO 2 /mode average footprint: 422kgCO 2 /person
    21. 21. Homeworking vs. commuting (kgCO 2 /year)
    22. 22. Current business travel; CO 2 /mode average footprint: 42kgCO 2 /person
    23. 23. video-conferencing vs. business travel (kgCO 2 /trip)
    24. 24. Carbon ‘break even’ point by mode (total staff business travel km/yr and VC)
    25. 25. Other opportunities… <ul><li>Modal switch </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Demand management </li></ul>
    26. 26. Fortunately, there are tools to help you… www.footprinter.com
    27. 27. Questions/challenges What CO 2 reductions do you think would be ‘fair’ for your operations? What are the business implications of operating in a more resource-constrained world? Could you reduce supply chain CO 2 per unit of output by 80% by 2050? How do you plan to sustainably manage growth? What combination of demand management, technology & efficiency improvements will work best for you? How can you minimise the cost per tonne of CO 2 avoided?

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