Hacking education

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F. Questier, Hacking Education, Software Freedom Kosova Conference, FLOSSK, Unicef Innovations Lab Kosovo, 7th of September 2012

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Hacking education

  1. HackingEducation Prof. dr. Frederik Questier Vrije Universiteit BrusselUnicef Innovation Lab Kosovo 7th of September 2012
  2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.comhttp://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  3. My background
  4. Vrije Universiteit Brussel
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  7. Hacking Education Whats in a title?➢ Hacking solving a problem in an extraordinary, innovative way➢ Education means through which the knowledge and habits of a group of people sustain from one generation to the next 7
  8. why ? 8
  9. How can we educate our students forthe unknown future? 9
  10. The best wayto predict the future is to invent it. (Alan Kay, 1971) 10
  11. innovation?Politics Education Science1km/h 10km/h 100km/h 11
  12. “Schools we have todaywere designed around commonsense assumptions that had never been scientifically tested” R. Keith Sawyer 12
  13. Information Society ? 13
  14. Knowledge Society 14
  15. information scarcity → information abundance !Total information is now doubling every year ! 15
  16. Surveys How much of the knowledge you need for your job is in your own head?>75% | 75-50% | 50-25% | 25-10% 16
  17. Surveys How much of the knowledge you need for your job is in your own head?1986 75% → 2010 10% 17
  18. The longer one studies,the more one comes to realizehow much one does not know 18
  19. % tested genius in Divergent Thinking(used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions) Source: Breakpoint and Beyond by George Land and Beth Jaman 19
  20. Evolution of organizations Source: Jessica Lipnack and Jeffrey Stamps, Virtual Teamshttp://www.netage.com/pub/books/VirtualTeams%202/CHAPTERS%20PDF/chapter02.pdf 20
  21. Network society 21
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  23. Demand for new skills?➢ Social skills ➢ communicating, networking, teamwork ➢ international, intercultural➢ Creativity➢ Entrepeneurship➢ Information technology skills ➢ Handle information overload➢ ...➢➢ Learning to learn → Life Long Learning! 23
  24. Knowledge -> Skills -> CompetencesCompetences are the ability to use ➢ knowledge ➢ skills ➢ attitudes in new, complex, authentic situations 24
  25. “Staff are digital immigrants,students are digital natives” (Prensky) ? 25
  26. Discrepancy?What are students used to? What is their classroom experience?control no controlaction passiveinstant feedback little, late feedbackrich media poor mediaalways online offlinesocial interactions working together = cheating 26
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  29. Why change the way we teach and learn?We have new scientific knowledge about teaching and learning 29
  30. how ? 30
  31. Evolution in learning theoriesBehaviourism Learning = change of behaviour Stimulus → response Learner is passive receiver of knowledge Mind = black boxCognitivism Focuses on how the brain works Metacognition, learning strategies MotivationConstructivism Knowledge is actively constructed by the learner New knowledge is linked to prior knowledge Learners discover themselves facts and relationshipsSocial Constructivism Social interaction plays a fundamental role Discussions lead to deeper understanding and increased motivationConstructionism Constructing an artifact or something that can be shared leads to better learningConnectivism Learning is a process of connecting nodes or information sources Knowledge and learning may reside in non-human appliances Try to see connections between fields, ideas, and concepts Know-what & Know-how → Know-where 31
  32. Educational innovation?Traditional learning New Learningteacher oriented student oriented(passive) knowledge transfer (active) knowledge construction; interactionfocus on knowledge focus on competencesindividual learning collaborative learningfocus on course contents also focus on learning process (learning to learn, reflection)teacher = expert teacher = coachteacher directs also self-directed learningselective education adaptive educationstudents focus on good scores attention for (intrinsic) motivationsurface learning deep (natural) learning 32
  33. Educational innovation?Traditional learning New Learningabstract, school-like examples & tasks authentic contextsevaluation by teacher self/co/peer-assessment, ...summative evaluation + formative evaluation (learning from mistakes and feedback)linear curriculum flexible curriculumindependent courses and disciplines connexion, integration, interdisciplinaritysupply oriented demand orienteduniform education differentiated education (adapted to e.g. learning styles)classroom flexible learning environment (also online & virtual)course materials powerful learning environmentsformal learning + informal learningbehaviorism and cognitivism Social constructivism (and connectivism) 33
  34. How can we improveteaching and learning with ICT? Dont apply traditional teaching methods in new technologies! Substitution? (dropping your coursebook online) Transformation! 34
  35. Seek the synergy! Theories about learning and technologies have evolvedtowards very similar concepts 35
  36. Model Jonassen for(constructive) learning environments → Technologies can support the intentional construction, in a collaborative way, of complex contextualized artifacts and the conversation and reflection about it 36
  37. One Laptop Per Child 37
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  46. Open educational resources (OER) digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research
  47. Believing that OER can widen access to quality education, particularly when shared by many countries and higher education institutions, UNESCO champions OER as a means of promoting access, equity and qualityin the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
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  66. Learning AnalyticsGephi export,learning interactions,R. Carlos, F. Questier 70
  67. We all can learn from Learning Analytics!➢ The Learning Analytics Cycle, by Doug Clow, http://dougclow.wordpress.com/2011/02/28/the-learning-analytics-cycle/ 71
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  70. Is this ICT supported learning paradigm shift possible withoutteacher learning/training?
  71. Research studies show that how much and how effectively teachers integrate ICT in their teaching processdepends mainly on their educational vision (not age, gender, ...) 75
  72. Copyright acknowledgements➢ Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/➢ Figure study CC-by-nc-sa by Tony2 (NOT IN USE!)➢ Question! CC-by by Stefan Baudy➢ http://users4.jabry.com/vortex/misc/DivergentThinking.gif➢ Edupunk: http://blogs.pstcc.edu/drbrown/files/2009/11/Picture-4.png➢ Flipped-Classroom-CC-BY-NC-SA-2-by-ransomtech➢ http://cogdogblog.com/2012/07/17/mooc-hysertia/➢ http://www.onlinecollege.org/2012/08/21/25-tips-make-most-mooc/
  73. DARETO SHARE 77
  74. Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective Questions? Thank you! Pyetje? Faleminderit! See also http://questier.com 78

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