Hacking Education Whats in a title?➢ Hacking solving a problem in an extraordinary, innovative way➢ Education means through which the knowledge and habits of a group of people sustain from one generation to the next 7
Demand for new skills?➢ Social skills ➢ communicating, networking, teamwork ➢ international, intercultural➢ Creativity➢ Entrepeneurship➢ Information technology skills ➢ Handle information overload➢ ...➢➢ Learning to learn → Life Long Learning! 23
Knowledge -> Skills -> CompetencesCompetences are the ability to use ➢ knowledge ➢ skills ➢ attitudes in new, complex, authentic situations 24
“Staff are digital immigrants,students are digital natives” (Prensky) ? 25
Discrepancy?What are students used to? What is their classroom experience?control no controlaction passiveinstant feedback little, late feedbackrich media poor mediaalways online offlinesocial interactions working together = cheating 26
Evolution in learning theoriesBehaviourism Learning = change of behaviour Stimulus → response Learner is passive receiver of knowledge Mind = black boxCognitivism Focuses on how the brain works Metacognition, learning strategies MotivationConstructivism Knowledge is actively constructed by the learner New knowledge is linked to prior knowledge Learners discover themselves facts and relationshipsSocial Constructivism Social interaction plays a fundamental role Discussions lead to deeper understanding and increased motivationConstructionism Constructing an artifact or something that can be shared leads to better learningConnectivism Learning is a process of connecting nodes or information sources Knowledge and learning may reside in non-human appliances Try to see connections between fields, ideas, and concepts Know-what & Know-how → Know-where 31
Educational innovation?Traditional learning New Learningteacher oriented student oriented(passive) knowledge transfer (active) knowledge construction; interactionfocus on knowledge focus on competencesindividual learning collaborative learningfocus on course contents also focus on learning process (learning to learn, reflection)teacher = expert teacher = coachteacher directs also self-directed learningselective education adaptive educationstudents focus on good scores attention for (intrinsic) motivationsurface learning deep (natural) learning 32
Educational innovation?Traditional learning New Learningabstract, school-like examples & tasks authentic contextsevaluation by teacher self/co/peer-assessment, ...summative evaluation + formative evaluation (learning from mistakes and feedback)linear curriculum flexible curriculumindependent courses and disciplines connexion, integration, interdisciplinaritysupply oriented demand orienteduniform education differentiated education (adapted to e.g. learning styles)classroom flexible learning environment (also online & virtual)course materials powerful learning environmentsformal learning + informal learningbehaviorism and cognitivism Social constructivism (and connectivism) 33
How can we improveteaching and learning with ICT? Dont apply traditional teaching methods in new technologies! Substitution? (dropping your coursebook online) Transformation! 34
Seek the synergy! Theories about learning and technologies have evolvedtowards very similar concepts 35
Model Jonassen for(constructive) learning environments → Technologies can support the intentional construction, in a collaborative way, of complex contextualized artifacts and the conversation and reflection about it 36
Open educational resources (OER) digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research
Believing that OER can widen access to quality education, particularly when shared by many countries and higher education institutions, UNESCO champions OER as a means of promoting access, equity and qualityin the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Is this ICT supported learning paradigm shift possible withoutteacher learning/training?
Research studies show that how much and how effectively teachers integrate ICT in their teaching processdepends mainly on their educational vision (not age, gender, ...) 75
Copyright acknowledgements➢ Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/➢ Figure study CC-by-nc-sa by Tony2 (NOT IN USE!)➢ Question! CC-by by Stefan Baudy➢ http://users4.jabry.com/vortex/misc/DivergentThinking.gif➢ Edupunk: http://blogs.pstcc.edu/drbrown/files/2009/11/Picture-4.png➢ Flipped-Classroom-CC-BY-NC-SA-2-by-ransomtech➢ http://cogdogblog.com/2012/07/17/mooc-hysertia/➢ http://www.onlinecollege.org/2012/08/21/25-tips-make-most-mooc/