Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 1Project Propos...
Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 2Identifying
In...
Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 3local manufact...
Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 4pump fabricati...
Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 5Potential in C...
Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 6communities an...
Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 7systems such a...
Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 8Appendix
A
‐
A...
Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 9Appendix
B
‐
B...
Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 10• Spare parts...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Transfering Hydraulic Ram pump technology from the Philippines to Colombia - Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation

9,006 views

Published on

Transfering Hydraulic Ram pump technology from the Philippines to Colombia - Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
9,006
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transfering Hydraulic Ram pump technology from the Philippines to Colombia - Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation

  1. 1. Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 1Project Proposal -Transfering Hydraulic Ram pump technologyfrom the Philippines to Colombia

Summary
The project will transfer the technical knowledge of the Hydraulic Ram pump from the AIDFIFoundation in the Philippines to the technology demonstration center Aprotec in Colombia. InColombia, the Hydraulic Ram pump has a great potential, both for drinking water delivery toremote communities, and for increasing income for small farmers through water for cattle andirrigation.The goal of the project is to establish self-sustaining hydraulic ram pump manufacture andinstallation capacity in Colombia, through a technology transfer programme with experts fromthe Philippines, and the installation of 2 pumps as pilot models.Contents
Summary....................................................................................................................................... 1
Contents........................................................................................................................................ 1
Identifying Information................................................................................................................... 2
Background and Rationale............................................................................................................ 2
Brief description of proposing organization - AIDFI....................................................................... 3
Experience in Afghanistan ..................................................................................................... 3
Brief description of target partner - Aprotec .................................................................................. 4
Project Description ........................................................................................................................ 5
Business model of Aprotec ........................................................................................................... 5
Water quality ................................................................................................................................. 6
Expected Impact ........................................................................................................................... 7
Project stages and Provisional Costing......................................................................................... 7
Appendix A - Additional information on the AIDFI organization .................................................... 8
Appendix B - Background of Hydraulic Ram technology .............................................................. 9
Comparison to other models.................................................................................................. 9
Awareness creation ............................................................................................................. 10

  2. 2. Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 2Identifying
Information

Project Title Transfering Hydraulic Ram pump technologyfrom the Philippines to ColombiaTarget Country ColombiaProject Proponent Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.(AIDFI) in cooperation with Green Empowerment (GE)Project Coordinator Auke Idzenga (AIDFI)Proponent Address AIDFI Bldg., Murcia Road, Mansilingan, Bacolod City,Negros Occidental, PhilippinesTel. No./Fax No. +63 34 446- 3629/ +63 34 446-2330Email/Website aidfi@hotmail.com / www.aidfi.orgProject Partners Aprotec, Colombia, www.aprotec.com.co/Total Project Cost € 38,500.00Amount Requested € 38,500.00Project Duration 12 monthsBackground
and
Rationale

Many communities in the developing world lack easy access to clean, potable water for drinking,cooking, sanitation and hygiene. In many upland villages in mountainous areas, the only accessto water for inhabitants is the river, a spring or a stream. As the water source is generally locatedup to 200 meters below the villages, the access of water is extremely difficult as the water has tobe carried uphill. This situation leads to shortages in water supply and use, both for basichousehold use and for vegetable and livestock production.One of the solutions which can be used to provide upland villages with an adequate watersupply is the Hydraulic Ram pump, which uses the energy in water flowing down a hightdifference to power a water pump. The advantage of the hydraulic ram pump is that other thanthe flowing water, no additional energy source is required. More information on the technologycan be found on http://www.akvo.org/wiki/index.php/Hydraulic_Ram_pump, and in Appendix Bto this document.Following many years of research and development, AIDFI, based in the Philippines, hasproduced a hydraulic ram pump design which is suitable in these particular situations, and whichhas been applied with great success in many places in the Philippines. Many years of effortsand doing hard work in serving the water needs of poor upland villages using the hydraulic rampumps have led to the result that AIDFI is now in a position to do technology transfer on the
  3. 3. Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 3local manufacturing, repair and maintenance to other serious groups and individuals ininternational communities.This project proposes to transfer the ram pump manufacturing capacity to the NGO Aprotec inColombia. The project entails AIDFI to train the partner in the conduct of surveys, preparation oftechnical studies, fabrication and installation of ram pumps intended for drinking water supplyand irrigation. We believe that through technology transfer, we can share and take part inaddressing water problems in Colombia. Moreover, this could create employment opportunitiesthrough local manufacturing and installation of ram pumps and at the same time an enterprisingactivity of the trained partner.Brief
description
of
proposing
organization
‐
AIDFI
Over a span of many years AIDFI developed a perfect working model of the hydraulic ram pumpand this became their flagship technology. The technical department of AIDFI has beenoperating on a self-reliant basis for the past 8 years and has around 14 regular technicians andengineers. Most of them come from the local communities.Knowing that a perfect technology alonewon’t make a systems sustainable,AIDFI has developed a completecommunity involvement program indifferent aspects of the hydraulic ramprojects: surveys, meetings, hauling,actual construction, setting up of watercommittees and training of localtechnicians in operation, repair andmaintenance.AIDFI has a lot of experiences in themanufacturing of the pumps and alsowith complete installations. It has doneover 100 installations. Some ram pumpshave been installed in Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, Holland, France, Cambodia and Afghanistan.An important part of the work of AIDFI is the training of the local beneficiaries in operating,maintaining and repairing the ram systems. The selection of two-three ram technicians in everyproject is vital for the sustainability of the systems.AIDFI considers technology transfer on ram pump technology as their main strategy to cope withthe increasing requests for installations from around the world. The only only sustainable way tocope with the growing interest in ram pump technology is to build local capacity for production,repair and maintenance of hydraulic ram pump with our target partners.Experience
in
Afghanistan
AIDFI has carried out similar technology transfer projects in the past. For example, in the fall of2007, AIDFI installed three hydraulic ram pumps in the Northern Afghanistan pumping water ashigh as 150m. Pilot pumps installed in Afghanistan have generated considerable interest anddemand among Afghan farmers. In 2008, two Afghan engineers followed a 45-day trainingcourse at AIDFI, covering all aspects of the ram pump: theory, surveying, system design, ramView of AIDFI technology demonstration center
  4. 4. Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 4pump fabrication, installation, testing and tuning. The trainingwas very successful and the two shop owners now own ajoined shop for ram manufacturing in Taloqan (NorthernAfghanistan). They already have orders from German NGO’sactive in the area.We aim to duplicate the same successful technology transfermethod to transfer the technology to Colombia. In due course,the technology will also be transferred to other countries whichhave shown interest, such as Nepal, Timor and many others.The Afghan experience has shown that it is very important totransfer the technology in a thorough way, in which the 6-weektraining course is a main component.Project coordinator for the technology transfer program toColombia will be the Dutch-born AIDFI engineer AukeIdzenga. Idzenga is the head of the technical department andhas worked with the ram pump technology for over 18 years.He has guided several organizations from Malaysia, Thailand,Nepal and France in installation of ram pumps through the useof internet.Brief
description
of
target
partner
‐
Aprotec
The Colombian NGO Aprotec has worked with different appropriate technologies for manyyears: hydro power, windpower, biomass, water pumps and solar power. Head EngineerMauricio Gnecco has been there since the 1970’s. They have a well equipped shop in whichthey will be able to fabricate the hydraulic ram pump. They also have good technicalconnections in the region. The group is very excited in acquiring the technology and has alreadyidentified areas were the ram model of AIDFI can be piloted. Because of their level of technicalskills, we think that building two pilot sites together will be enough.Background in ColombiaIn the period 1945–1980, hundreds of ram pumps have beenfabricated and installed by the big coffee farmers in Colombia.The ram pumps were of the old over-designed model of heavycast iron and brass valves. A foundry shop in Armenia (a cityin the coffee region) fabricated them but ceased operation tenyears ago.Many ram pumps stopped operation or were pulled outbecause of the availability of cheap electricity and electricpumps. Some of these rams have been rescued and are forsale right now. High prices of fuel, and electricity and theawareness of climate change, have led to a growing interest inthe re-introduction of the hydraulic ram pump.The old models available are more complicated in operation,repair and maintenance than the ones from AIDFI and aremore expensive. The pumps from AIDFI are more efficient andcan deliver more water to higher elevations. Micro-hydro systemconstructed by AprotecFoto aprotecAIDFI ram pump installationin Afghanistan
  5. 5. Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 5Potential in ColombiaEngineer Mauricio Gnecco, who has worked with appropriate technologies for a long timethrough Aprotec, has studied the potential of the ram pump during the past 15 years. Hisinvestigations show that there is a very large potentials because there are around 3 milliondisplaced farmers who are coming back to their farms or new areas but who don’t havewater/energy infrastructure to live and food production. A second group is the traditional Indiangroups, farmers and cattle owners in the Plains who need water during dry season (December –May).At the moment, Aprotec already produces and sells some ram pumps, but they work with a so-called ‘piston-design’, which give a lot of problems with maintenance and quality. Aprotec isconvinced of the AIDFI model of the ram and is interested in getting the technology (includingmanufacturing) transferred. Aprotec has identified many places to install ram pumps.Project
Description

We propose a 12 month project that would establish self-sustaining ram pump manufacturingand installation capacity in Colombia with a total of 2 operating pumps installed as pilot models.Below, the different components of the project are listed.1) Pilot installationsThe project will start with a feasibility study and site visit in Colombia by an expert from AIDFI, inorder to identify suitable sites to install the first pilot pumps. Two ram pumps will then beinstalled, serving 1200 people with access to water for drinking, sanitation and hygiene andproduction of crops and livestock. An important part of the installation is the training of the localbeneficiaries in operating, maintaining and repairing the ram systems. The selection of two orthree ram technicians in every project is vital for the sustainability of the systems.2) Building local manufacturing capacitySecondly, two technicians from Aprotec, Colombia will travel to the Philippines, and receive a 6-week hands-on training course on all aspects of the manufacture, installation, maintenance, ofthe pumps. The training covers theory, performing surveys, designing, costing, pattern making,ram fabrication, actual installation in the field and testing.3) Licensing/Franchising Aprotec for manufacture of ram pump technologyThirdly, a licensing/franchising process will be started, in which all the processes and informationregarding running a succesful pump manufacture organization, such as design drawings,training manuals, and community involvment programmes, are transferred to Aprotec inColombia.4) Follow-up mentoring, trouble-shooting and impact assessmentFinally, during the start-up of the production of ram pumps in Colombia, follow-up monitoring,trouble shooting and impact assessment will be undertaken by AIDFI, through email.Business
model
of
Aprotec
The goal of Aprotec is to sell a range of hydraulic ram pumps to communities and farmers, to beused for drinking water and irrigation. The potential market for ram pumps is high, especially inthe plains of the Orinoco river, which has a dry season lasting 6 to 8 months, with many isolated
  6. 6. Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 6communities and cattle owners needing water. For the present Aprotec model, which does nothave a good design, there are already 15 to 20 requests for information per week, and they sell0-5 per month.Aprotec wants to sell products that are as simple as possible, with fast and good installation andgood post-sale service. With the AIDFI model, they expect to do 20 installations in the first year,growing in the following, which will lead to an expected 200 installations after 5 years. A singlepump can supply up to 600 people with water, so if all pumps would be sold to communities, thiswould lead to 120.000 people served after 5 years. Of course, a significant fraction of the pumpsare expected to be sold to farmers, which will serve fewer people, but which will lead to muchneeded extra income generation, which will also benefit the community.The expected price range for the pumps in Colombia is:Size Price inPhilippins(US$)Price inColombia(US$)¾” & 1” 215,- 370,-1 ½” 235,- 400,-2” 275,- 430,-2 ½” 290,- 480,-3” 360,- 510,-4” 405,- 550,-5” 530,- 650,-The difference in price is due to the higher cost of labour in Colombia. The cost of installationand the drive pipe are additional to the cost of the pump.This price range is expected to be quite easily affordable by cattle owners and medium-sizedfarmers. For communities and poor farmers, access to credit facilities in important, and trainingin the proper management for water. As access to water is a very important factor for increasingincome, the possibilies to fund pumps using credit are very good.Aprotec is not a government organization, and in Colombia this means that it is very hard to getgovernment funds and support. That is why it is very important for Aprotec to be financially self-sufficient. Therefore, they want to sell products that communities and farmers can afford withoutsubsidies.Water
quality
There are two standards for water quality which Aprotec follows, one for drinking water and onefor cattle / fish / agriculture productive water. To test the quality of water that is used forproductive use, a field test kit is used which tests for iron, manganes, DQO-DBO, Ph, etc. Nobacteriological testing is performed for productive water, as this is not needed. If the water is notof sufficient quantity, oxigenation is used to improve the quality.For drinking water, samples are collected in sterilized bottles, which are tested by a water lab. Ifthe water for drinking is not of sufficient quality and needs treatment, Aprotec works with localagencies (such as universities or health centers), which train the people in water treatment
  7. 7. Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 7systems such as SODIS, low speed sand filtration, boiling, ceramic filters, etc. Sodis andceramic filters are the prefered methods.Expected
Impact

The project will install two ram pumps in Colombia. Assuming a similar condition or level ofsupply to project in the Philippines, this will results in nearly 1200 people receiving the benefitsof accessible water for drinking, sanitation and hygiene and production of crops and livestock.More importantly, the project will establish self-sustaining manufacturing and installation capacityin Colombia, which has the potential to replicate the success of AIDFI in the Philippines with inthe end serving thousands of people with either drinking or irrigation water. Aprotec estimatesthe market potential to be sufficient to reach 200 installed ram pumps within 5 years.The community involvement program developed by AIDFI will be used by Aprotec to ensure asustainable assilimation of the technology by the communities. The program involves communityinvolvement in different aspects of the projects: surveys, meetings, hauling, actual construction,setting up ofwater committees and training of local technicians in operation, repair andmaintenance.Project
stages
and
Provisional
Costing
In the table below, the different stages of the project are listed, together with a budget estimate.Stages Budget1. Pilot installations – to build awareness and train localinstallation teamsa. Feasibility study and site visit (2 weeks – 1 person – travel and time)to Colombiab. Ram Pump System Installation (2 sites) by AIDFI in Colombia.Includes materials, freight, travel.€ 1,000.00€ 21,500.002. Building local manufacturing capacity – training course in thePhilippines (6 weeks “hands-on” training with AIDFI for 2persons)€ 10,000.003. Licensing/Franchising for manufacture of technology (US$3,000.00)€ 2,500.004. Follow-up mentoring, trouble shooting through E-mails € 0.005. AIDFI Management Time € 3,500.00Total Project Cost € 38,500.00
  8. 8. Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 8Appendix
A
‐
Additional
information
on
the
AIDFI
organization
The AID Foundation was founded in 1990 by four people who worked in the socio-economicprogram of a labor union for sugar workers. They felt that opportunities for development werenot maximized. Many of their ideas for organic farming and the use of Appropriate Technologiesdidn’t get a chance.AIDFI started working in Agrarian Reform areas using Appropriate Technologies. Around 15technologies were further developed and are presently being manufactured and installed. Thesetechnologies are all centered around basic needs such as water (for drinking and irrigation),sanitation and renewable energy (wind and biogas).AIDFI has received several awards for their work,such as a Green Energy Award from thePhilippine Department of Energy, and in 2007 theAshden Award from the hands of Al Gore. In May2008 AIDFI was one of the nominees of theEnergy Globe Award in the European Parliamentin the category water. AIDFI was also one of thefew NGO’s who were invited by former USpresident Clinton to his Clinton Global Initiatives(CGI) in Hong Kong on December 2-3, 2008.AIDFI did a personal commitment to PresidentClinton for technology transfer of its unique ramprogram to other countries.After the Awards, AIDFI received a lot of inquiriesfrom over 25 countries. What was clear fromthese inquiries is that imported hydraulic ram units from commercial producers give a lot ofheadache, that local models are not fully developed, and that the same mistakes are repeatedeverywhere.AIDFI therefore wants to share its experiences with other groups and individuals. This alsoincludes technology transfer of the manufacturing. However, AIDFI would only like to work withserious groups from which it has the expectation that the technology will really spread. There arethousands of sites in the world where the ram pump can tremendously improve the lives ofhundreds of thousands of people.AIDFI has technical staff with enough capacity to carry out technology transfer. It has twoengineers, who are well experienced in surveys, design and the theory of the ram pumptechnology. Furthermore, all the AIDFI technicians are highly skilled in carrying out actualmanufacturing of ram pumps and installations in the field including tuning and training of localtechnicians. AIDFI also has a very experienced R&D person who carried out the manufacturingtraining to the Afghans.Relevant links:- Youtube movie on AIDFI ram pumps: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ovPSSOs76U- Ramp pump installation in Afghanistan: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIJoowE2tz0- Information on AIDFI from Ashden Awards:http://www.ashdenawards.org/winners/aidfoundationInstalling a set of ram pumps forirrigation with local technicians, on theisland Negros in the Philippines.
  9. 9. Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 9Appendix
B
‐
Background
of
Hydraulic
Ram
technology
A hydraulic ram pump is a water pumppowered by water with a height difference.In areas where natural flows exist with aheight difference of the water over a smalldistance, hydraulic ram pumps can beused to transport water to higher groundswithout using electricity or fuel. Thehydraulic ram uses the water hammereffect to develop pressure that allows aportion of the input water that powers thepump to be lifted to a point higher thanwhere the water originally started. Apartfrom the kinetic energy of the water, noother source of power is needed.The AIDFI model has been developedsince 1990 into a perfectly working modelat a relatively very low cost. In terms ofefficiency and pumping capacity, it caneasily be compared to importedcommercial models. The uniqueness ofthe model lies in its spare parts which are ordinary door hinges and check valves made out ofbelts or car tires. AIDFI has developed already 8 different sizes of the ram pump in order toaccommodate different flows at different sources. The ram pump is made from durable materialswith stainless steel for the important parts. Within AIDFI the ram became its flagship technologyand a lot of resources and time has been spent to keep on further developing the model till itwas perfected.Comparison
to
other
models
Other hydraulic ram models can be divided into two types. The first is models developed byAppropriate Technology groups and universities. The second is commercial models.The models at AT groups and universities were mostly developed under short-livedprogrammes, depending on limited resources and funds. Many of those models have neverbeen further refined and tested and have common maintenance problems. Most of these modelsare of the so-called piston type, which are harder to repair than the hinge-type model used byAIDFI. Although these models lack in quality of design, they play an important role in awarenesscreation about the possibilities of hydraulic rams.For commercial models, while usually of good quality design, there are a number of reasons whythey don’t easily spread:• They are hard to find (from brochures and websites) and therefore not knownextensively• They are very expensive• They need to be imported, and transport is expensive• They have to be paid for in foreign currency• Importing pumps often leads to problems with customsComponents of a hydraulic ram pump:1. Inlet — drive pipe2. Free flow at waste valve3. Outlet — delivery pipe4. Waste valve5. Delivery check valve6. Pressure vessel
  10. 10. Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation, Inc.International Technology Transfer of Hydraulic Ram Pump 10• Spare parts are difficult to get, and usually need to be imported.• They often lack clear installation manuals and explanations on the technologyAwareness
creation
The hydraulic ram pump was invented in 1772 and widely used in the 19th century, but wasside-tracked by the advent of the coal-powered steam engine and later by diesel poweredpumps and electrical pumps. In recent years the hydraulic ram pump has seen a renewedinterest, because it is powered by sustainable energy, and can be produced locally. With highprices of fuel, electricity and the awareness of climate change there is a huge potential for there-introduction of the hydraulic ram pump. But because of the technology is still not generallyknown, a lot of promotion has still to be done for the technology.AIDFI has developed working miniature sets which are displayed during, fairs, conferences, andworkshops. These miniature sets attract many people, and they have ended up in many othercountries. Also CD’s and brochures have been produced and distributed. The extensivepromotion has paid off, and private people, NGO’s, cooperatives and agencies find their way toAIDFI.

×