What is Manga? Manga is the Japanese word for “comics” and consists of comics and print cartoons. In the West, the term “manga” has been appropriated to refer specifically to comics created in Japan, or byJapanese authors, in the Japanese language and conforming to the style developed in Japan in thelate 19th century. In their modern form, manga date shortly after World War II , but they have a long, complex pre history in earlier Japanese art.Modern Manga originated in the Occupation 1945 – 1952 and postoccupation years 1952 to the early 1960’s, while a previouslymilitaristic and ultra nationalist Japan rebuilt its political and economicinfrastructure. An explosion of artistic creativity occurred during thisperiod, involving manga artists such as Osamu Tezuka and MachikoHasegawa. Early designs of famous manga “Astro Boy”
Conventions of Eastern ComicsStyle:The original codes and conventions of eastern comics revolves around tomainstream forms of art which is manga and anime which are raging inpopularity. The style of eastern comics is that it follows the codes andconventions of most comics, this means that there are panels which circulatearound the frame, break panels which separate the frames, titles of thecomics, authors of the comics etc.Art:The original art design is most formally known as manga and anime, this formof art is popular in all eastern comics. The images of astro boy which is afamous comic and also one of the original forms of eastern comics that werecreated. From the images you can see the form of art that it is used, throughfurther examination of the faces and clothing which is common in mosteastern comics.Narrative:The narrative codes and conventions of eastern comics is that there arespeech bubbles in abstract shapes and there are pages worth ofonomatopoeias in most eastern comics to represent emotion and actionsalong with colours and narrative.
Astro Boy Footagehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7nYBfYlU0mADescription:This clip of footage is of a trailer for an Astro Boy film which was released some years ago, this trailergives an idea of the form of style of an eastern comic, the art that it is included and a snippet ofnarrative which helps the audience to grasp the form of the film and its eastern comic background.
The look of Western to Eastern ComicsWestern Comic Sample This image is a representation of a western comic which has multiple attributes that helps the image to be a prime example of a western comic. This form of art has more of a realistic look to the characters as there are heavy details on the faces to represent their emotions. This form of art also has backgrounds that are bold and bright which helps the characters to stand out in the frames and also it helps to present the emotions and atmosphere in the frames.Eastern Comic Sample This image is a representation of a eastern comic which has multiple attributes that helps the image to be a prime example of a eastern comic. The common name for this form of art is manga and or anime which is popular amongst eastern comics. This form of art has more of an unrealistic look on the characters faces to represent their emotions, the larger eyes can help deliver emotions as it is the main feature on the face that delivers emotions is the eyes which is why the main feature on the face has been enhanced.
The narrative of Western to Eastern ComicsWestern Narrative SamplePride and Prejudice and Zombies "My dear Mr Bennet," said his lady to him one day, "have you heard that Netherfield Park is occupied again?" Mr Bennet replied that he had not and went about his morning business of dagger sharpening and musket polishing-for attacks by the unmentionables had grown alarmingly frequent in recent weeks. "But it is," returned she. Mr Bennet made no answer. "Do you not want to know who has taken it?" cried his wife impatiently. "Woman, I am attending to my musket. Prattle on if you must, but leave me to the defence of my estate!"Eastern Narrative SampleAstro Boy Ian: Wow, I think thats more than enough blabbing for a whole season Mike: Yeah...wow, we’re self important Ian: Indicatively Mike: What? Ian: Who? Mike: Alright, well it’s that time! Ian: Movie review time? Mike: Movie RAT review time? Ian: Movie RAT review time number 1?
The narrative of Western to Eastern ComicsSimilarities1. There is speech between other characters in both comic examples which gives a sample of communication between the characters.2. There is a similar layout of the speech bubbles in the comic strips.3. The speech reads between left and right which is common in all comics including western and eastern comics.4. The expressions from the characters language and body language represented from the connection of the speech.Differences1. There general speech and language varies on the time set in the comic.2. There is more speech and narrative in western comics and than in eastern.3. There is more time spent in the narrative with eastern comics than western to leave more suspense and tension in the speech.4. There are different variations of topics in each comic but from the narrative being laid out and pronounced differently it helps to present these topics.
Critical Review of Eastern ComicsEastern comics have multiple variations of topic, design and art, their main attributes that help eastern comics to beglobally recognised is their main forms of comics which is manga and anime. There are some successes of easterncomics and there are some failures depending on the comics and the audience these comics are targeted too.There are some positives and negatives to eastern comics, there are both so that the review has a fair comparison andfinal conclusion. There are some positives to eastern comics for instance, the first point is that eastern comics expresslarge amounts of bold colour so that emotions can be expressed through colour as well as other attributes, the secondpoint is that in each eastern comic there are interesting and respectable stories in these comics that grasp ataudiences. The final point is that the characters that have been created in eastern comics are so iconic that it madeeastern comics perhaps more popular than western comics.Along with positive points there are also some negative points so that this article is not bias, the first point is that thereis short narrative in most eastern comics which means the audience could want a more thorough understanding of thestories than just through images and colour. The second point is that the cartoonist images in the frames are not sorealistic which can prevent grasping a wider audience for eastern comics. The final point is that in most of the easterncomics the super heroes and villains all share similar character references which could bring no fresh ideas into theeastern comic industry.To conclude this critical review of eastern comics, I would provide evidence that there are successes and failures ofeastern comics although the overall view I would share is that it provides the correct product for the correct audience asdoes the western comics, the audience for eastern comics is so large that their genre is successful.