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Manga & Anime
What is Manga?
Manga are Japanese comics
Manhwa is the general Korean term for comics and print cartoons
Manhua are Chines...
The Great Wave of Kanagawa: Katsushida Hokusai
The Hokusai Manga
A collection of sketches of various subjects by the Japanese artist Hokusai.
Subjects of the sketches in...
Tetsuwan Atom

Created by Osamu Tezuka
the ‘Godfather of Manga’.
Dr Tezuka is largely
responsible for the modern
artistic ...
Types of Manga
Manga itself is not a genre; rather it is a type of graphic literature that contains many sub-sets,
some of...
Shonen
Usually action or adventure based
including martial arts, sports and technogadgets. They are based around heroes
& ...
Shojo
Written for girls, has an emphasis on
emotions, feelings and human drama.
Often centring on romance, the main
charac...
Horror
Can be represented in both shojo and
shonen but also has cross-over appeal.
Japanese horror is sometimes more
expli...
Mecha
Manga and anime that have robot or
cyborg characters. These characters are
usually massive and heavily armed in a
dy...
Beyond Reading
Art - contrary to what you may
have been told there is a growing
community of artists who make a
living thr...
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Manga & Anime

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A brief introduction to manga & anime, looking at history, types and an explanation of some of the more popular genres From a presentation I made in 2008

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Manga & Anime

  1. 1. Manga & Anime
  2. 2. What is Manga? Manga are Japanese comics Manhwa is the general Korean term for comics and print cartoons Manhua are Chinese comics Anime is the general term for Asian animated films and series International manga is the term used by the Japanese Embassy to describe manga created by non Japanese artists
  3. 3. The Great Wave of Kanagawa: Katsushida Hokusai
  4. 4. The Hokusai Manga A collection of sketches of various subjects by the Japanese artist Hokusai. Subjects of the sketches include landscapes, flora and fauna, everyday life and the supernatural.
  5. 5. Tetsuwan Atom Created by Osamu Tezuka the ‘Godfather of Manga’. Dr Tezuka is largely responsible for the modern artistic style of manga typified in this image of Astro Boy.
  6. 6. Types of Manga Manga itself is not a genre; rather it is a type of graphic literature that contains many sub-sets, some of which are mentioned below: Shonen A Japanese word used in English to refer to anime and manga primarily intended for boys. Shojo A term used in English to refer to manga and anime aimed at a young, female audience. Kodomo A Japanese word that means child. However, to many non-Japanese readers of manga and anime, the word refers to a specific genre intended primarily for children. Yaoi (also known as Shonen-ai)* Manga or anime focusing on gay male relationships aimed at a (primarily) female audience. *The terms ‘Yaoi’ and ‘Shonen-ai’ are sometimes used by western audiences to differentiate between tales that contain (sometimes graphic) sex scenes (Yaoi) and stories that focus primarily on romance (Shonen-ai). Yuri Manga focusing on lesbian relationships. These are (unsurprisingly perhaps) usually aimed at an adolescent male audience.
  7. 7. Shonen Usually action or adventure based including martial arts, sports and technogadgets. They are based around heroes & villains and include lots of fight scenes. The main character often has spiky hair, usually acts like an idiot and is immature but can show signs of maturity as the series progresses. Naruto: is an ongoing Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Masashi Kishimoto. The plot tells the story of Naruto Uzumaki, an adolescent ninja who constantly searches for recognition and aspires to become a Hokage, the ninja in his village that is acknowledged as the leader and the strongest of all. The series is based on a one shot comic by Kishimoto.
  8. 8. Shojo Written for girls, has an emphasis on emotions, feelings and human drama. Often centring on romance, the main character is usually sweet and innocent and can possess a magical power. Often includes stereotypes of women (the cute one, the geeky one, the catty one etc). The men are usually gorgeous and one or more are the focus of the main characters attentions. Fruits Basket tells the story of Tohru Honda, an orphan girl who, after meeting Yuki, Kyo, and Shigure Sohma, learns that thirteen members of the Sohma family are possessed by the animals of the Chinese zodiac and are cursed to turn into their animal forms if they are embraced by anyone of the opposite sex.
  9. 9. Horror Can be represented in both shojo and shonen but also has cross-over appeal. Japanese horror is sometimes more explicit than the western genre – it can include monsters, mystery and murder. The horror can also be psychological. This type of manga often has gothic overtones with characters dressed in gothic Victorian clothing. Rozen Maiden
  10. 10. Mecha Manga and anime that have robot or cyborg characters. These characters are usually massive and heavily armed in a dystopian future, or a prototype model that is hurried out to fight against a new enemy that can only usually be defeated by a teen mech pilot! Appleseed
  11. 11. Beyond Reading Art - contrary to what you may have been told there is a growing community of artists who make a living through manga Links www.londonexpo.com www.sci-fi-london.com Cosplay – a portmanteau of the words ‘costume’ & ‘play’ used to describe dressing up as your favourite manga or anime character www.japancentre.com Culture – visit Japan, if you can’t make it that far there are a number of annual events that celebrate manga culture www.umisen-yamasen.com www.neomag.co.uk www.sweatdrop.com

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