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  • 1. THE PRINCIPALS OF By- Elizabeth PHOTOGRAPHY Rawding
  • 2. SHAPE AND FORM Shape is the distinguished outline of the object. While form is the nuances of shadow that help give the shape depth. Example- In this photo of a car light shape and form is shown to outline the main light and the shadows on the car.
  • 3. LEADING LINES Leading lines create meaningful compositions. They are used to draw the viewers eye straight to the main focus.  Example- In this photo the leading lines are the lines of pink flowers leading straight to the main focus point, which is the building.
  • 4. TEXTURE Photographers want images that have impact, and the proper utilization of texture. Texture can become visible when illuminated from an oblique light source . Example- In this photo the photographer took a picture of a rope tied in a interesting design and really showed the texture of the rope in general.
  • 5. COLOR (HUE) Color encompasses three parameters, or properties which are known as hue, saturation and brightness. Hue are actually just colors. Example- In this photo color is really brought out by the saturation and brightness of the colors.
  • 6. SYMMETRICAL BALANCE In photography there is two types of balance, symmetrical asymmetrical. Symmetrical is the main type of balance in photography. Its when the pictures are balanced in each side. Example- In this photo the columns are the main focus of symmetrical balance. They are both on each side.
  • 7. ASYMMETRICAL BALANCE Asymmetrical Balance shows a pictures balance in a less ridged manner. Example- In this picture its not exactly the same on each side but there is an even distribution of the building and sky.
  • 8. GRADATION Gradation is the tonal contrast between the black and white in a photo. This includes paying attention to density, and detail in a photo. Example- In this photo the black and white are shared evenly throughout the photo to almost make it look like a dirty sky.
  • 9. REPETITION The main word you think of when you hear repetition is repeat. When you repeat a certain size, or shape or color you add strength to the overall image. Example- In this photo repetition is shown by the apple being brought all the way back to the back of the photo and the repetition of the green colored apples.
  • 10. PATTERN Patterns can either be man made, or be apart of nature. Patterns add a visual rhythm and harmony to photographs. Example- In this photo patterns are shown by the pattern of shopping carts being stacked together.
  • 11. CONTRAST Some photographers use contrast to direct the viewers eye to the focus point. Contrast shows the lightest tone to the darkest tone, the lightest tone being the focus point. Example- In this photo the contrast is the yellow flower against the dull sky.
  • 12. DOMINANCE This is used as a color tool. It is when the color of the main object or focus stands out much more then the rest. Example- The color dominance in this photo is the clouds and the sun peaking trough the clouds.
  • 13. PROPORTION This is the size of the object or person in the picture compared to the rest of the surroundings. Example- In this photo the people are so tiny compared to the rest of the picture.
  • 14. UNIT Y Unity is a principle and is achieved through repetition. Whether that is through shape, value or color. Example- In this photo unity is shown by the value of people and the how they are all doing the same thing.
  • 15. NEGATIVE SPACE Negative space provides provides balance, accentuates the subject, and helps create atmosphere, creates interesting shapes and patterns. Example- In this photo the negative space is the man and the lady. It helps keep the focus on the people and not the background.
  • 16. RULE OF THIRDS This is to imagine breaking an image down into thirds (both horizontally and vertically) so that you have 9 parts of the photo. Example- In this photo the rule of thirds is shown to to cut the picture of the bee.
  • 17. VISUAL CENTER Placing the most important element in the center, also known as the focal point of the photo. Example- In this photo the track is the focus point of the photo.

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