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# Elements and principles1

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### Elements and principles1

1. 1. Creating a Composition
2. 2. Elements Line – defines shape Shape – a two dimensional enclosed space Form – a three dimensional enclosed space Value – degree of lightness or darkness Color  Hue – Synonymous with color  Value – see above  Intensity – Brightness or dullness Texture – Tactile quality; sense of touch Space – Area within composition; positive vs. negative; depth of spacePrinciples (Use of Elements) Balance – Equal visual weight  Symmetrical – essentially mirror image  Asymmetrical – equal visual weight but different elements to fill space  Radial – moves from central point Unity – sense of wholeness or oneness Variety/contrast – emphasis on differences Emphasis – drawing attention to particular area Rhythm – creates sense of motion; a “beat” or undulation; peak and trough Movement – creates sense of motion Repetition – Repeating element Pattern – Uniform repetition of an element
3. 3. LineI chose this as line becausethere are lines that movethroughout the picture. Thefocal point is not in the center ofthe picture.
4. 4. ShapeThis is shape because the ripples in thewater create tiny 2D rectangles andsquares, along with other elements andprinciples.
5. 5. FormThis shows form because the caterpillar is a3D shape. This shows because of thecurves on the outline of the caterpillar. Itgives the impression that the caterpillar is acylinder shape.
6. 6. ValueFrom top to bottom, the colors in thispicture show value. We go from almost abrown, then in the middle we have orange,and at the bottom we have a bright yellow.This is the degree of lightness anddarkness.
7. 7. ColorThis picture has many different shades,tones, and intensity in color; along withother principles in elements.
8. 8. TextureIf I were to touch the wood in this image Iwould feel dry, rigid, and maybe at somepoints sharp lines of wood. This texture isdemonstrated by the shading and lines inthe wood.
9. 9. SpaceThe photographer shows space by the waythe human in the back appears to besmaller than the sandal and also how theyare blurred out of the picture.
10. 10. Balance:asymmetricalThis picture shows asymmetrical balancebecause on one side you have many eye-catching colors with bloomed flowers, but itis blurred out; on the other hand you have aclear picture of a big insect, but no eye-catching blooming flowers.
11. 11. Balance:radialThis is radial balance because there is apattern that starts in the center and worksit’s way out.
12. 12. UnityTo me this shows unity because the thingsin this picture start out in many differentplaces but eventually come together to formthis one big mass.
13. 13. VarietyThere are many different fish, plants,colors, principles, and elements in thispicture. That is why I think it is variety.
14. 14. EmphasisIn this picture there are two opposite colors:green and red. The picture is mostly greenand there is one red flower. This causes theflower to be the center of attention.
15. 15. RhythmI chose rhythm because there are severalwaterfalls in this picture and water moves ata steady constant pace.
16. 16. MovementThis picture shows movement because ofthe smudge and blur of the objects in thispicture.
17. 17. RepetitionI chose this as repetition because of therepeating of colors in the same pattern thatshow up multiple times throughout thepicture.
18. 18. Pattern