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  • 1. THE BATTLE OFTHE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURGGETTYSBURG Turning Point Of The Civil WarTurning Point Of The Civil War July 1-3, 1863
  • 2. Main Leaders at GettysburgMain Leaders at Gettysburg  UNIONUNION -George Meade-George Meade -John Buford-John Buford -Daniel Sickles -Joshua Lawrence-Daniel Sickles -Joshua Lawrence
  • 3. Main Leaders at GettysburgMain Leaders at Gettysburg  CONFEDERATECONFEDERATE -Robert E. Lee-Robert E. Lee -Robert Rodes-Robert Rodes -Richard Ewell -A.P. Hill -James Longstreet-Richard Ewell -A.P. Hill -James Longstreet
  • 4. Three Days of Fighting in theThree Days of Fighting in the Battle of GettysburgBattle of Gettysburg  Day 1- July 1, 1863Day 1- July 1, 1863  Centered around the Edward McPhersonCentered around the Edward McPherson Farm just southwest of the Town ofFarm just southwest of the Town of GettysburgGettysburg  Day 2- July 2, 1863Day 2- July 2, 1863  Pencil Point Attack- James Longstreet was toPencil Point Attack- James Longstreet was to attack the Union Left as Richard Ewell was toattack the Union Left as Richard Ewell was to attack the Union Right.attack the Union Right.  Day 3- July 3, 1863Day 3- July 3, 1863  Pickett’s Charge- Johnston Pettigrew, IsaacPickett’s Charge- Johnston Pettigrew, Isaac Trimble, and George Pickett were to attackTrimble, and George Pickett were to attack the center of the Union lines.the center of the Union lines.
  • 5. First Day- July 1, 1863First Day- July 1, 1863  Fighting at McPherson’s RidgeFighting at McPherson’s Ridge  Confederate General Robert RodesConfederate General Robert Rodes and Henry Heth were coming fromand Henry Heth were coming from Carlisle in search of the supply ofCarlisle in search of the supply of shoes that were supposedly atshoes that were supposedly at Gettysburg when they encounteredGettysburg when they encountered Union troopsUnion troops  Union General John Buford and JohnUnion General John Buford and John F. Reynolds were coming fromF. Reynolds were coming from Harrisburg when they met theHarrisburg when they met the ConfederatesConfederates Robert Rodes John Buford
  • 6. McPherson’s RidgeMcPherson’s Ridge  Union Generals of John F.Union Generals of John F. Reynolds and John Buford metReynolds and John Buford met Confederate General RobertConfederate General Robert Rodes upon McPherson’s RidgeRodes upon McPherson’s Ridge on the First Day of the Battle ofon the First Day of the Battle of Gettysburg.Gettysburg.  At the end of the first day, theAt the end of the first day, the Confederates chased the UnionConfederates chased the Union into the town of Gettysburg,into the town of Gettysburg, where more fighting ensued andwhere more fighting ensued and then the Union moved tothen the Union moved to Cemetery Hill for Day 2.Cemetery Hill for Day 2.  Roughly 20,000 CasualtiesRoughly 20,000 Casualties occurred from the Day 1 Fightingoccurred from the Day 1 Fighting at Gettysburg.at Gettysburg.
  • 7. McPherson’s RidgeMcPherson’s Ridge  The monument on theThe monument on the Previous slide was ofPrevious slide was of John F. Reynolds.John F. Reynolds. Reynolds died on theReynolds died on the first day of the Battle offirst day of the Battle of Gettysburg and JohnGettysburg and John Buford and AbnerBuford and Abner Doubleday continuedDoubleday continued as the leading officersas the leading officers of the Union in hisof the Union in his absence.absence.
  • 8. McPherson’s RidgeMcPherson’s Ridge The area of McPherson’s Ridge is named for the farm of Edward McPherson, which is pictured here to the left and in the distance on the bottom picture.
  • 9. Battle of Gettysburg- Day 1- view of McPherson’sBattle of Gettysburg- Day 1- view of McPherson’s Ridge from the Eternal Light Peace MemorialRidge from the Eternal Light Peace Memorial
  • 10. Review Round 1= Fight!Review Round 1= Fight!  When did the Confederates occupy York?When did the Confederates occupy York?  Why was Robert Rodes bringing hisWhy was Robert Rodes bringing his Confederate division to Gettysburg?Confederate division to Gettysburg?  Who won the first day’s fighting atWho won the first day’s fighting at Gettysburg?Gettysburg?  Where did the Union set up their troops forWhere did the Union set up their troops for the 2the 2ndnd Day?Day?
  • 11. Battle ofBattle of Gettysburg-Gettysburg- Day 2Day 2
  • 12. Battlefield Map for the 2Battlefield Map for the 2ndnd Day of theDay of the Battle of GettysburgBattle of Gettysburg •Pencil-point attack-  James Longstreet’s Corps was to attack the Union left flank and the Corps of Richard Ewell was to attack the Union right flank and they would turn the Union flanks and then engage the
  • 13. The Peach OrchardThe Peach Orchard  Taken on the secondTaken on the second day by Union Gen.day by Union Gen. Daniel SicklesDaniel Sickles  Taking this area leftTaking this area left Sickles in a “no-Sickles in a “no- man’s land” as heman’s land” as he charged out in frontcharged out in front of Union Linesof Union Lines  Sickles lost a leg andSickles lost a leg and most of his troops atmost of his troops at the Peach Orchardthe Peach Orchard after his troops wereafter his troops were attacked Peachattacked Peach Orchard.Orchard.
  • 14. The Bloody WheatfieldThe Bloody Wheatfield  Land upon CemeteryLand upon Cemetery Ridge held on the SecondRidge held on the Second Day by Union Gen. DanielDay by Union Gen. Daniel SicklesSickles  One of the bloodiest areasOne of the bloodiest areas on the battlefield as thison the battlefield as this field changed hands 7field changed hands 7 times on July 2, eventuallytimes on July 2, eventually remaining the hands ofremaining the hands of the Union at the end ofthe Union at the end of the day.the day.
  • 15. Devil’s DenDevil’s Den  After the second day theAfter the second day the area was called the Valleyarea was called the Valley of Death due to theof Death due to the bloodshed.bloodshed.  Part of James Longstreet’sPart of James Longstreet’s Corps captured this areaCorps captured this area on the Second Day fromon the Second Day from the Union.the Union.  This area turned out toThis area turned out to be a great place to positionbe a great place to position your sharpshooters due toyour sharpshooters due to the large boulders.the large boulders.
  • 16. The Sharpshooters of LittleThe Sharpshooters of Little Round Top and Devil’s DenRound Top and Devil’s Den  This is Devil’s DenThis is Devil’s Den overlooking Little Roundoverlooking Little Round Top.Top.  Sharpshooters wereSharpshooters were placed here by theplaced here by the Confederates on theConfederates on the second day.second day.  These sharpshootersThese sharpshooters could accurately shootcould accurately shoot from 1,000 yards away,from 1,000 yards away, and were only aiming 500and were only aiming 500 yards.yards.  Intense fire wasIntense fire was exchanged between theexchanged between the Union sharpshootersUnion sharpshooters upon Little Round Topupon Little Round Top and Confederates inand Confederates in Devil’s Den through JulyDevil’s Den through July 2.2.
  • 17. 2020thth Maine Left FlankMaine Left Flank  This is a monumentThis is a monument to the left flank of theto the left flank of the 2020thth Maine.Maine.  They were theThey were the extreme left flank toextreme left flank to the entire unionthe entire union army-could notarmy-could not retreat.retreat.  Used swinging doorUsed swinging door strategystrategy  Commanded byCommanded by ChamberlainChamberlain  Were essential to theWere essential to the union victoryunion victory
  • 18. Little Round TopLittle Round Top  After theAfter the second day thesecond day the area wasarea was called thecalled the Valley of DeathValley of Death due to thedue to the bloodshed.bloodshed.
  • 19. Review Round 2= Fight!Review Round 2= Fight!  What area of the battlefield did theWhat area of the battlefield did the Confederates take around 4 p.m. on the 2Confederates take around 4 p.m. on the 2ndnd Day of Gettysburg?Day of Gettysburg?  What area did the 20What area did the 20thth Maine defend withMaine defend with leader Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain?leader Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain?  Why did Robert E. Lee order the Pencil PointWhy did Robert E. Lee order the Pencil Point attack?attack?
  • 20. Battlefield Map of Day 3 FightingBattlefield Map of Day 3 Fighting  Day three included anDay three included an attack by Jamesattack by James Longstreet upon theLongstreet upon the center of the Unioncenter of the Union Lines. This attack laterLines. This attack later became known asbecame known as Pickett’s ChargePickett’s Charge andand was a huge mistakewas a huge mistake designed by Robert E.designed by Robert E. Lee.Lee.
  • 21. View of land 15,000 ConfederatesView of land 15,000 Confederates would cover in Pickett’s Chargewould cover in Pickett’s Charge
  • 22. Pickett’s ChargePickett’s Charge  Began on the third dayBegan on the third day with two hours ofwith two hours of artillery fire startingartillery fire starting around 1:00around 1:00  15,000 troops15,000 troops participated in theparticipated in the charge.charge.  Led by Gen. GeorgeLed by Gen. George PickettPickett This is a view of Cemetery Ridge, where the Union Soldiers resided behind stones and boulders they used for entrenchments.
  • 23. Day 3-Longstreet’s Assault- thoughDay 3-Longstreet’s Assault- though it was James Longstreet’s Assault,it was James Longstreet’s Assault, it was led by three division leaders.it was led by three division leaders. George Pickett Johnston Pettigrew Isaac Trimble
  • 24. Pickett’s ChargePickett’s Charge Pictured above is Cemetery Ridge to the Left and the Copse of Trees. Towards the right you can see the Gettysburg Headquarters of Robert E. Lee at Seminary Ridge and Emmitsburg Road.
  • 25. The High Water MonumentThe High Water Monument  This monument atThis monument at Gettysburg representsGettysburg represents the furthest advance ofthe furthest advance of the Confederate Army.the Confederate Army.  This was the closestThis was the closest point the Confederatepoint the Confederate Army came to victoryArmy came to victory over the Union army.over the Union army.  The outcome of hisThe outcome of his battle may havebattle may have determined victory fordetermined victory for the entire Civil War.the entire Civil War.
  • 26. CasualtiesCasualties  UNIONUNION  Total of 25,000Total of 25,000 Casualties out ofCasualties out of 93,500 soldiers at93,500 soldiers at GettysburgGettysburg  CONFEDERATECONFEDERATE  A total of 28,000A total of 28,000 Casualties out ofCasualties out of 77,000 soldiers at77,000 soldiers at GettysburgGettysburg
  • 27. Gettysburg AddressGettysburg Address  This is the site whereThis is the site where President Lincoln gave hisPresident Lincoln gave his famous “Gettysburgfamous “Gettysburg Address”Address”  November 19, 1863November 19, 1863  He was originally not evenHe was originally not even scheduled to speak.scheduled to speak.  The entire speech lastedThe entire speech lasted only two minutes, but left aonly two minutes, but left a lasting impression.lasting impression.  Four score and seven yearsFour score and seven years ago…ago…
  • 28. Gettysburg AddressGettysburg Address
  • 29. Lutheran Theological SeminaryLutheran Theological Seminary
  • 30. Gettysburg ReviewGettysburg Review
  • 31. Gettysburg Questiones paraGettysburg Questiones para Revision!Revision!  Where was the first days fighting at Gettysburg?Where was the first days fighting at Gettysburg?  Who questioned the Confederates second day’sWho questioned the Confederates second day’s assault upon the flanks of the Union?assault upon the flanks of the Union?  Why was J.E.B. Stuart delayed in getting toWhy was J.E.B. Stuart delayed in getting to Gettysburg?Gettysburg?  How many Confederates did not even make itHow many Confederates did not even make it past Emmitsburg Road on Pickett’s Charge?past Emmitsburg Road on Pickett’s Charge?