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Battle of Spotsylvania

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Battle of Spotsylvania

  1. 1. Battle of Spotsylvania May 8-19, 1864
  2. 2. Commanders <ul><li>Ulysses S. Grant led the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Robert E. Lee led the Confederates. </li></ul>Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee
  3. 3. Where did the come from? <ul><li>Union troops were sent from the Battle of the Wilderness southeast to Richmond while trying to pressure the Confederate right flank. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee sent Richard Anderson to meet the Union at Spotsylvania in an attempt to stall the Union until the main Confederate army could arrive. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Richard H. Anderson Richard Ewell Phillip Henry Sheridan Gouverneur K. Warren
  5. 5. The Beginning <ul><li>Anderson’s troops met and fought with Philip H Sheridan’s Union Cavalry and Gouverneur K. Warren’s Corps on May 8. </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Ewell came on May 9 to reinforce Richard Anderson. </li></ul>
  6. 6. May 9, 1864 <ul><li>All the forces had reached the field. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee’s forces held the high ground and both flanks extended to the Poe River. Here they dug entrenchments covered by trees. </li></ul><ul><li>A.P. Hill was on the Confederate Right. Richard Ewell held the center. Richard H. Anderson was on the left. </li></ul>
  7. 8. To Richmond <ul><li>Grant gave Phillip Sheridan permission to move towards Richmond. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee sent J.E.B. Stuart and his cavalry to chase Sheridan down. </li></ul><ul><li>J.E.B. Stuart was mortally wounded in the liver at a clash at Yellow Tavern. He died on May 12, 1864. </li></ul>
  8. 9. May 10,1864 <ul><li>Colonel Emory Upton penetrated Richard Ewell’s entrenchments at the Confederate center. This caused the Union to capture 300 Confederates. However, Confederate reinforcements drove the Union back. </li></ul>
  9. 10. May 12, 1864 <ul><li>Grant sent Winfield Scott Hancock and 18,000 Union troops to attack the Confederate center. </li></ul><ul><li>The Union captured 2,8000 Confederates and 20 cannons, but were turned away by reinforcements. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Bloody Angle <ul><li>On May 12, there was savage hand-to-hand fighting across the breastworks. Rank after rank was killed. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Rain <ul><li>Rain slows battle until May 17 when Grant again attacks the Confederate center. </li></ul><ul><li>The attack, made by Hancock, had heavy losses and did not gain ground. </li></ul>
  12. 13. The End <ul><li>The battle finishes in a stale mate, and Grant leaves the area. Lee continues to try to cut him off. </li></ul><ul><li>Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100,000 men at battle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>18,399 dead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Confederates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50,000 men at battle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10,000 dead </li></ul></ul>

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