Battle of Gettysburg

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Battle of Gettysburg

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Battle of Gettysburg

  1. 1. BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG July 1-3, 1863
  2. 2. GETTYSBURG I. Prelude II. July 1 - The Armies Clash III. July 2 - Confederates Attack IV. July 3 - Pickett’s Charge V. Retreat & Aftermath
  3. 3. WHY ATTACK THE NORTH? • Defeat the Federal army • Bring relief to Southern farmers • Stimulate the Northern peace movement Robert E. Lee
  4. 4. CAVALRY OPERATIONS • Screening the army’s movements • Aldie, Middleburg & Upperville • Brandy Station
  5. 5. WHY GETTYSBURG? USA
  6. 6. July 1st THE ARMIES COLLIDE • Action on the Federal right . . . • Arrival of Federal cavalry • Fighting on McPherson’s Ridge • Death of Gen. Reynolds • Federals occupy the high ground John Reynolds
  7. 7. July 2nd THE CONFEDERATES ATTACK • Fighting moves to the Federal left . . . • Devil’s Den • The Wheatfield • The Peach Orchard • Little Round Top
  8. 8. UNION PERSPECTIVE CSA CSA Looking towards Devil’s Den from Little Round Top
  9. 9. CONFEDERATE PERSPECTIVE USA Looking up towards Little Round Top from Devil’s Den
  10. 10. July 3rd PICKETT’S CHARGE • Attack on the Federal center . . . • Opening cannonade • Pickett’s Charge • High Water Mark • Confederates repulsed • Fighting suspended • Confederate retreat
  11. 11. AFTERMATH • Federals kept away from Virginia farms for summer • CSA lost men & equipment it couldn’t afford to lose • One-Two punch – Gettysburg & Vicksburg • Birth of the Lost Cause • Casualties Confederate prisoners
  12. 12. November 19, 1863 GETTYSBURG ADDRESS • Dedication of Soldiers’ National Cemetery • Redefined the purpose of the war • Invoked the principles of human equality • Gettysburg Address
  13. 13. July 1st
  14. 14. July 2nd
  15. 15. July 3rd
  16. 16. Confederate view of the Copse of Trees

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