Civil War (HS knowledge)


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knowledge you should have gained about the civil war in middle and high school. if not, here is a short recap.

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Civil War (HS knowledge)

  1. 1. The Civil War ©Bergonzi
  2. 2. Opening Shots <ul><li>The first official battle of the American Civil War was the First Bull Run or first Manassas. </li></ul><ul><li>The union named the battles after natural boundaries (rivers, lakes, hills) </li></ul><ul><li>Confederates named it after man made structures </li></ul>© Bergonzi
  3. 3. Two Sides, different strategies <ul><li>South </li></ul><ul><li>They had the most experienced Generals </li></ul><ul><li>They were fighting for a strong belief </li></ul><ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><li>They were ahead of the south in industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Most railroads were owned by the union (easier to transport troops) </li></ul>© Bergonzi
  4. 4. Union Battle Plans <ul><li>The union’s original plan for winning the war was called the anaconda plan. </li></ul><ul><li>The idea was that the union would cut the south off from any foreign nation by building a Blockade. </li></ul><ul><li>The problem was that the plan was used it would make the war last even longer then it really was (4 years) </li></ul>© Bergonzi
  5. 5. Important Confederate Generals <ul><li>Robert E. Lee </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas “Stonewall ” Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>J.E.B. Stuart </li></ul><ul><li>James Longstreet </li></ul><ul><li>George E. Pickett </li></ul>© Bergonzi
  6. 6. Robert E. Lee ????? © Bergonzi
  7. 7. Thomas Jackson © Bergonzi
  8. 8. J.E.B Stuart © Bergonzi
  9. 9. James Longstreet guess what he has? A Beard © Bergonzi
  10. 10. Robert E. Lee <ul><li>Head General for the confederate army in the Eastern theater, Army of Northern Virginia </li></ul>© Bergonzi
  11. 11. Fredericksburg Gods and Generals
  12. 12. J.E.B. Stuart <ul><li>Given The title “The Eyes of General Lee” </li></ul><ul><li>Specialized in reconnaissance (recon) missions. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Battles in the Eastern Theater <ul><li>1 st Bull Run </li></ul><ul><li>7 days campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Antietam </li></ul><ul><li>Fredericksburg </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Bull Run </li></ul><ul><li>Chancellorsville </li></ul><ul><li>Gettysburg </li></ul><ul><li>Wilderness Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Petersburg </li></ul>
  14. 14. 1 st Bull Run <ul><li>The battle of Bull Run (battle of Manassas) was led by Gen. Irvin McDowell (union) and gen. Robert E. Lee (confederate) </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li> McDowell deploys a small piece of his army on the Centreville Plateau, hoping to occupy the attention of the Confederate army just to the south while his main force(  ) executes a long flanking march to the west. </li></ul><ul><li> Johnston sees the trick for what it is and urges Beauregard to move most of his men to Henry House Hill to blunt the enemy attack. The fighting is fierce along this line all day, especially on the Confederate right where Stonewall Jackson’s Virginians(  ) make a valiant stand. </li></ul><ul><li> A Confederate relief army under Bixby arrives by rail and reinforces the Confederate defenses. </li></ul><ul><li>© Smith </li></ul>
  16. 16. Story Time <ul><li>People had never seen a battle (wars had been fought on foreign ground) </li></ul><ul><li>People brought picnics like it was going to be a duel </li></ul><ul><li>This battle is also were Thomas Jackson earned the name “Stonewall” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Antietam (Sharpsburg) <ul><li>Union troops led by George McClellan. Confederate troops led by Robert E. Lee </li></ul><ul><li>Nicknamed the bloodiest day in American History </li></ul><ul><li>some say it was a victory for both sides. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Battle of Fredericksburg <ul><li>The new Union general was Ambrose Burnside </li></ul><ul><li>he sacrificed thousands of soldiers to win the battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Burnside tried to capture the Confederate defensive hill, Marye’s Heights. </li></ul><ul><li>he sent wave after wave but with no result. </li></ul><ul><li>once again the union lost another battle to the south. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Battle of Chancellorsville <ul><li>A victory for both sides. </li></ul><ul><li>The Union lost the battle, but the Confederacy lost something far more important. They lost Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson didn’t die from the battle. he died on the way back from the battle and got shot by his allies, Friendly Fire. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Battle of Gettysburg <ul><li>The turning point battle in the Eastern Theater. </li></ul><ul><li>lasted for three days (July 1st- July 3rd, 1863) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Day 1 (Gettysburg) <ul><li>General Buford prevented the Confederate army from gaining strategic locations. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Day 2 (Gettysburg) <ul><li>Union Colonel, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, made a brave stand on the hill, Little Round Top </li></ul><ul><li>If he lost that hill the whole union line would crumble </li></ul><ul><li>Towards the end he was short on ammunition. so he ordered a bayonet charge, which in the end prevented the Confederate troops from taking Little Round Top. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Day 3 (Gettysburg) <ul><li>Both sides had already lost 9,000 soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>General Lee knew today they had to break through the union defenses </li></ul><ul><li>He ordered a Charge, led by George Pickett, which was a complete slaughter of Confederate troops. (reverse from what happened at Fredericksburg) </li></ul><ul><li>The Union had Finally won a battle. </li></ul>