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Gettysburg Powerpoint

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Gettysburg Powerpoint

  1. 1. THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG Turning Point Of The Civil War July 1-3, 1863
  2. 2. Main Leaders at Gettysburg <ul><li>UNION </li></ul><ul><li>-George Meade -John Buford </li></ul>-Daniel Sickles -Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
  3. 3. Main Leaders at Gettysburg <ul><li>CONFEDERATE </li></ul><ul><li>-Robert E. Lee -Robert Rodes </li></ul>-Richard Ewell -A.P. Hill -James Longstreet
  4. 4. Three Days of Fighting in the Battle of Gettysburg <ul><li>Day 1- July 1, 1863 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centered around the Edward McPherson Farm just southwest of the Town of Gettysburg </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Day 2- July 2, 1863 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pencil Point Attack- James Longstreet was to attack the Union Left as Richard Ewell was to attack the Union Right. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Day 3- July 3, 1863 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pickett’s Charge- Johnston Pettigrew, Isaac Trimble, and George Pickett were to attack the center of the Union lines. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. First Day- July 1, 1863 <ul><li>Fighting at McPherson’s Ridge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confederate General Robert Rodes and Henry Heth were coming from Carlisle in search of the supply of shoes that were supposedly at Gettysburg when they encountered Union troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union General John Buford and John F. Reynolds were coming from Harrisburg when they met the Confederates </li></ul></ul>Robert Rodes John Buford
  6. 6. McPherson’s Ridge <ul><li>Union Generals of John F. Reynolds and John Buford met Confederate General Robert Rodes upon McPherson’s Ridge on the First Day of the Battle of Gettysburg. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the first day, the Confederates chased the Union into the town of Gettysburg, where more fighting ensued and then the Union moved to Cemetery Hill for Day 2. </li></ul><ul><li>Roughly 20,000 Casualties occurred from the Day 1 Fighting at Gettysburg. </li></ul>
  7. 7. McPherson’s Ridge <ul><li>The monument on the Previous slide was of John F. Reynolds. Reynolds died on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg and John Buford and Abner Doubleday continued as the leading officers of the Union in his absence. </li></ul>
  8. 8. McPherson’s Ridge The area of McPherson’s Ridge is named for the farm of Edward McPherson, which is pictured here to the left and in the distance on the bottom picture.
  9. 9. Battle of Gettysburg- Day 1- view of McPherson’s Ridge from the Eternal Light Peace Memorial
  10. 10. Review Round 1= Fight! <ul><li>When did the Confederates occupy York? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was Robert Rodes bringing his Confederate division to Gettysburg? </li></ul><ul><li>Who won the first day’s fighting at Gettysburg? </li></ul><ul><li>Where did the Union set up their troops for the 2 nd Day? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Battle of Gettysburg- Day 2
  12. 12. Battlefield Map for the 2 nd Day of the Battle of Gettysburg <ul><li>Pencil-point attack- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James Longstreet’s Corps was to attack the Union left flank and the Corps of Richard Ewell was to attack the Union right flank and they would turn the Union flanks and then engage the Union Center. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Peach Orchard <ul><li>Taken on the second day by Union Gen. Daniel Sickles </li></ul><ul><li>Taking this area left Sickles in a “no-man’s land” as he charged out in front of Union Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Sickles lost a leg and most of his troops at the Peach Orchard after his troops were attacked Peach Orchard. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Bloody Wheatfield <ul><li>Land upon Cemetery Ridge held on the Second Day by Union Gen. Daniel Sickles </li></ul><ul><li>One of the bloodiest areas on the battlefield as this field changed hands 7 times on July 2, eventually remaining the hands of the Union at the end of the day. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Devil’s Den <ul><li>After the second day the area was called the Valley of Death due to the bloodshed. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of James Longstreet’s Corps captured this area on the Second Day from the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>This area turned out to </li></ul><ul><li>be a great place to position your sharpshooters due to the large boulders. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Sharpshooters of Little Round Top and Devil’s Den <ul><li>This is Devil’s Den overlooking Little Round Top. </li></ul><ul><li>Sharpshooters were placed here by the Confederates on the second day. </li></ul><ul><li>These sharpshooters could accurately shoot from 1,000 yards away, and were only aiming 500 yards. </li></ul><ul><li>Intense fire was exchanged between the Union sharpshooters upon Little Round Top and Confederates in </li></ul><ul><li>Devil’s Den through July 2. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 20 th Maine Left Flank <ul><li>This is a monument to the left flank of the 20 th Maine. </li></ul><ul><li>They were the </li></ul><ul><li>extreme left flank to the entire union army-could not retreat. </li></ul><ul><li>Used swinging door strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Commanded by Chamberlain </li></ul><ul><li>Were essential to the union victory </li></ul>
  18. 18. Little Round Top <ul><li>After the second day the area was called the Valley of Death due to the bloodshed. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Review Round 2= Fight! <ul><li>What area of the battlefield did the Confederates take around 4 p.m. on the 2 nd Day of Gettysburg? </li></ul><ul><li>What area did the 20 th Maine defend with leader Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Robert E. Lee order the Pencil Point attack? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Battlefield Map of Day 3 Fighting <ul><li>Day three included an attack by James Longstreet upon the center of the Union Lines. This attack later became known as Pickett’s Charge and was a huge mistake designed by Robert E. Lee. </li></ul>
  21. 21. View of land 15,000 Confederates would cover in Pickett’s Charge
  22. 22. Pickett’s Charge <ul><li>Began on the third day with two hours of artillery fire starting around 1:00 </li></ul><ul><li>15,000 troops participated in the charge. </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Gen. George Pickett </li></ul>This is a view of Cemetery Ridge, where the Union Soldiers resided behind stones and boulders they used for entrenchments.
  23. 23. Day 3-Longstreet’s Assault- though it was James Longstreet’s Assault, it was led by three division leaders. George Pickett Johnston Pettigrew Isaac Trimble
  24. 24. Pickett’s Charge Pictured above is Cemetery Ridge to the Left and the Copse of Trees. Towards the right you can see the Gettysburg Headquarters of Robert E. Lee at Seminary Ridge and Emmitsburg Road.
  25. 25. The High Water Monument <ul><li>This monument at Gettysburg represents the furthest advance of the Confederate Army. </li></ul><ul><li>This was the closest point the Confederate Army came to victory over the Union army. </li></ul><ul><li>The outcome of his battle may have determined victory for the entire Civil War. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Casualties <ul><li>UNION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total of 25,000 Casualties out of 93,500 soldiers at Gettysburg </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONFEDERATE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A total of 28,000 Casualties out of 77,000 soldiers at Gettysburg </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Gettysburg Address <ul><li>This is the site where President Lincoln gave his famous “Gettysburg Address” </li></ul><ul><li>November 19, 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>He was originally not even scheduled to speak. </li></ul><ul><li>The entire speech lasted only two minutes, but left a lasting impression. </li></ul><ul><li>Four score and seven years ago… </li></ul>
  28. 28. Gettysburg Address
  29. 29. Lutheran Theological Seminary
  30. 30. Gettysburg Review
  31. 31. Gettysburg Questiones para Revision! <ul><li>Where was the first days fighting at Gettysburg? </li></ul><ul><li>Who questioned the Confederates second day’s assault upon the flanks of the Union? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was J.E.B. Stuart delayed in getting to Gettysburg? </li></ul><ul><li>How many Confederates did not even make it past Emmitsburg Road on Pickett’s Charge? </li></ul>

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