Quoting “This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to purchase a style manual” (Jones, 1998, p. 199). If your quote is longer than 40 words, indent 5 additional spaces in both the left and right margins. AND If no date is found, use n.d. in its place.
Paraphrasing 1. Student achievement is partially obtained by the student focusing on desirable goals and outcomes (Miller, 2009). 2. Miller (2009) establishes that goals and outcomes are extremely important elements in student achievement. 3. In a 2009 article, Miller established that goals and outcomes are an important determinant of student achievement.