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Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources
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Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources

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The Global Plan of Action for the conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources provides a framework for countries, regional bodies and international organizations to …

The Global Plan of Action for the conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources provides a framework for countries, regional bodies and international organizations to highlight and respond to the serious challenges as well as the opportunities facing forest genetic resources.
This plan is based on the first ever State of the World Forest Genetic Resources Report, which over 80 countries have contributed to. Learn more: http://www.bioversityinternational.org/research-portfolio/forest-tree-genetic-diversity/capacity-and-awareness/

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  • 1. Global Plan of Action for conservation, sustainable use and development of forest genetic resources Judy Loo, Senior Scientist Forests Asia Summit, Jakarta, Indonesia, May 2014
  • 2. Context 2014 – release of the first Report on the State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources. To understand its significance, we must start with the forest: •Forests cover 30% of land surface; down from 45% (pre-industrial) •Essential for ecosystem services; livelihoods, food, fuel, shelter, energy, soil and water protection, habitat for 80% of terrestrial biodiversity, carbon •Of about 80,000 tree species, only about 500 well studied in terms of genetic resources •Loss = 13 million ha / year; 200km2 / day (net) Income for rural people from wild forest species almost equals income from agriculture (27% : 28%). Genetic diversity – evolutionary potential of forest tree species; subject to losses due to governance failures, among other causes.
  • 3. What are forest genetic resources and why are they important? Genetic diversity of forest tree species of current or potential value to humanity Value of genetic diversity for adaptation to environmental changes and for improvement of traits important for people 2 generations Prunus africana
  • 4. Global Plan of Action for the Conservation, Sustainable Use and Development of Forest Genetic Resources
  • 5. • Based on key findings of the Report on the State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources • National reports from more than 80 countries (about 90% of globe’s forested area) • Strategic framework intended to guide and catalyze action at multiple levels Global Plan of Action for the Conservation, Sustainable Use and Development of Forest Genetic Resources 27 Strategic Priorities for action under 4 priority areas: • Improving the availability of, and access to, information on forest genetic resources • In situ and ex situ conservation of forest genetic resources • Sustainable use, development and management of forest genetic resources • Policies, institutions and capacity building.
  • 6. • Organized by geographic scale: national, regional, global • Primary responsibility at national level • Collaboration and coordination among countries within regions will be vital. • Support at international level essential Global Plan of Action • Aims to promote practical and efficient approaches to support and increase the effectiveness of national, regional and global efforts for the sustainable use, development and conservation of forest genetic resources, including the mobilization of financial and human resources, and strengthening institutions.
  • 7. Level Priority Area 1: Improving the availability of and access to information on FGR Priority Area 2: In situ and ex situ conservation of FGR Priority Area 3: Sustainable use, development and management of FGR Priority Area 4: Policies, institutions and capacity building National SP1. Establish and strengthen national FGR assessment, characterization and monitoring systems SP5. Develop national strategies for in situ and ex situ conservation of FGR and their sustainable use SP13. Develop and reinforce national seed programmes to ensure the availability of genetically appropriate tree seeds in the quantities and of the (certified) quality needed for national plantation programmes SP19. Update and integrate FGR conservation and management needs into wider national policies, programmes and frameworks of action at national, regional and global levels SP2. Develop national and subnational systems for the assessment and management of traditional knowledge on FGR SP6. Strengthen the contribution of primary forests and protected areas to in situ conservation of FGR SP14. Promote restoration and rehabilitation of ecosystems using genetically appropriate material SP20. Develop collaboration and promote coordination of national institutions and programmes related to FGR SP7. Promote the establishment and development of efficient and sustainable ex situ conservation systems, including in vivo collections and genebanks SP15. Support climate change adaptation and mitigation through proper management and use of FGR SP21. Establish and strengthen educational and research capacities on FGR to ensure adequate technical support to related development programmes
  • 8. Level Priority Area 1: Improving the availability of and access to information on FGR Priority Area 2: In situ and ex situ conservation of FGR Priority Area 3: Sustainable use, development and management of FGR Priority Area 4: Policies, institutions and capacity building National SP8 Support assessment, management and conservation of marginal and/or range limit forest species populations SP16. Promote appropriate use of emerging technology to support conservation development and sustainable use of FGR SP22. Promote participation of indigenous and local communities in FGR management in the context of decentralization SP9. Support and develop sustainable management and conservation of FGR on farmland SP17. Develop and reinforce research programmes on tree breeding, domestication and bioprospection in order to unlock the full potential of FGR SP10. Support and strengthen the role of forests managed by indigenous and local communities in sustainable management and conservation of FGR SP11. Identify priority species for action
  • 9. Level Priority Area 1: Improving the availability of and access to information on FGR Priority Area 2: In situ and ex situ conservation of FGR Priority Area 3: Sustainable use, development and management of FGR Priority Area 4: Policies, institutions and capacity building Regional SP12. Develop and implement regional in situ conservation strategies and promote eco-regional networking and collaboration SP23. Promote and apply mechanisms for germplasm exchange at regional level to support research and development activities, in agreement with international conventions SP24. Reinforce regional and international cooperation to support education, knowledge dissemination, research, conservation and sustainable management of FGR International SP3. Develop international technical standards and protocols for FGR inventories , characterization and monitoring of trends and risks SP18. Develop and promote networking and collaboration among concerned countries to combat invasive species (animals, plants and microorganisms) affecting FGR SP25. Encourage the establishment if network activities and support development and reinforcement of international networking and information sharing on FGR research, management and conservation SP4. Promote the establishment and reinforcement of FGR information systems (databases) to cover available scientific and traditional knowledge on uses, distribution, habitats, biology and genetic variation of species and species populations SP26. Promote public, and international awareness of the roles and values of FGR SP27. Strengthen efforts to mobilize the necessary resources, including financing
  • 10. • Recognition of the importance of the strategic priorities and status of genetic resources for the country in question at multiple levels • Political will at various levels within the countries • Governance systems within the countries • Commitment and resources at international level The potential for achieving the strategic priorities depends on several key factors
  • 11. • The implementation of the Global Plan of Action must be integrated with other strategies and programs at national, regional and global levels, as FGR cannot be effectively conserved and managed in isolation. • A comprehensive funding strategy must be developed and supported • Strong collaboration among countries and regions; collaboration with international bodies, conventions, and processes • Awareness and capacity development. Implementation of Global Plan of Action – what’s needed?
  • 12. Useful models: Where priorities have already been identified and are being addressed
  • 13. Sustainable forest management policies and regulations (SP3) • Europe, the USA and Australia have enacted legislation to ensure that imported timber is from legal sources. • Incentives are being negotiated with timber source countries and enforcement tools are being developed. • DNA markers as forensic verification tool. •Global database and international standards for sampling, testing. www.globaltimbertrackingnetwork.org
  • 14. EUFORGEN: Europe’s Forest Genetic Resources Conservation Programme – Model for APFORGEN (SP12) •Establishment of conservation units at national level, meeting regional standards for conserving and monitoring forest genetic resources. •In situ conservation units to maintain evolutionary potential under natural conditions with agreed minimum standards. •Common monitoring and reporting system with a common database useful for research and management decisions.
  • 15. Seed movement among Nordic countries (SP23) • With climate change, the sustainable management of forests and trees requires science-based movement of seed. • Simple, unencumbered exchange of seed across borders is valuable • The problem – the ownership of forest genetic resources has not been defined legally; countries wanted to know if they could expect problems. • Conducted a study to determine whether problems could be identified or predicted and to identify legal steps to address any issues, considering that the Nordic countries wish to maintain the non-bureaucratic system for access and rights to forest genetic resources. •Concluded that currently there are no impediments to unencumbered movement of forest genetic resources among Nordic countries.
  • 16. Seed management to respond to climate change (SP13) Seed transfer rules, regulate the distance to move planting material. Planted forests and plantation forestry have benefited greatly from the selection of proper seed sources. Western Canada was first to modify seed transfer policies for climate change.
  • 17. • The new Global Plan of Action for the Conservation, Sustainable Use and Development of Forest Genetic Resources provides a framework for countries, regional bodies and international organizations to highlight and respond to the serious challenges as well as the opportunities facing forest genetic resources. • The degree to which the response will be successful depends on level of commitment, good governance and adequate human and financial resources. • In many cases, actions and strategies to conserve and sustainably use forest genetic resources requires coordination across national borders. • Useful models exist for implementing and enforcing practical approaches for managing and conserving forest genetic resources, if political will along with sufficient human and monetary resources are engaged. Conclusion:
  • 18. www.bioversityinternational.org Thank you!

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