Resiliency Theory


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Resiliency Theory

  1. 1. Resiliency Theory:Applications toPsychological Well-Beingand Body SatisfactionApplied Health TechnologyAshlin Gunn
  2. 2. Literature Review● McGrath and colleagues (2010) examined the relationship of resiliency to body image dissatisfaction in college women● Hypothesized: ○ (1) resiliency may have measurable mitigating effect on body image dissatisfaction in young women ○ (2) as a young womans resiliency increases, her body dissatisfaction will decrease● Findings: significant protective relationship between level of a womans resilience and holding a negative body image
  3. 3. Literature Review● Mak and colleagues (2011) tested whether the relationships among resilience, life satisfaction, and depression could be explained by the positive cognitive triad● Aim of the study: to test if positive thinking can explain the linkage between resilience and well-being● Hypothesized: resilient individuals who have positive views about themselves, the world and the future, will promote their positive emotionality and life satisfaction and protect them from depression● Findings: relationship between resilience and well-being can be mediated by the positive cognitive triad
  4. 4. Application of Theory● Main construct used: ○ Embracing your innate resilience ■ Self actualization ■ Altruism ■ Harmony ■ Wisdom
  5. 5. Application of Theory● Embracing your innate resilience ○ Self-actualization ■ Maslows advice - the importance of maintaining physical health and having a firm foundation ■ Health At Every Size (HAES): ● PA should be pleasurable and enjoyable ● Focus on enjoyment of PA and not on weight loss ● Emphasize an appreciation for the bodys capabilities ● Allowing your body to be at the size it needs to be and accepting it ● Enhance quality of life
  6. 6. Application of Theory● Altruism ○ Since depression involves a high degree of focus on the self, focusing on the needs of others will help shift ones thinking ○ Positive feedback loop ○ Challenging individuals to do small acts of service ■ By doing service, individuals: ● will not have the opportunity to compare themselves to others ● will feel more satisfied with themselves
  7. 7. Application of Theory● Harmony ○ Providing tools for grounding in turbulent times ■ Yoga ■ Meditation ■ Cultivating mindfulness ■ Learning how to be in the present ○ HAES ○ Physiological hunger ○ Being in tune with your body
  8. 8. Application of Theory ○ Wisdom ■ Building upon individuals desires: ● Positive psychology ○ Amplify strengths ○ Human strengths that act as buffers against mental illness: - Courage - Future Mindedness - Optimism - Faith - Work ethics - Hope - Honesty - Capacity for flow ■ Strengthening optimism prevents depression ○ Engaging in activities to promote positive emotions (Seligman, Schulman, DeRubeis, & Hollon, 1999) (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000)
  9. 9. Application of Theory● Strengthen innate drives ○ Positive thinking ■ equip individuals with self-comptence and positive expectations of the world and the future ■ being more mindful ■ living in the present ■ reframing adverse events in a positive light ■ infusing ordinary events with positive value ■ pursuing and achieving realistic goals ● setting realistic, attainable goals for weight and shape