Globalrevolution / Network movements / Technopolitics | Berlin 31.01.2014 | Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung
adrià rodríguez @adriaral
participating with Fundación de los Comunes
participating with #GRRN Global Revolution Research Network
developing Project Kairós www.projectkairos.net
*A big part of the data and ideas here presented are the insights of the datanalysis15m research group
based in Barcelona, and the study “Tecnopolítica y 15M, la potencia de las multitudes conectadas”,
coordinated by Javier @Toret. Find more information here
All these slides are under a CC BY SA license
What does #globalrevolution means?
*nation-State is no longer the framework
*protests get directly global
*geopolitical earthquake: shaking global
*three transversal axis: the how, the who and the
technopolitics (how): new ways of affection
and comunication, Internet, social media, social
composition (who): highly-educated generation,
hyperconected youths, impoverishment, broken
social ladder, structural crisis labour market
(high unemployment rates, precarity and
flexibility as the norm), debt (household and/or
public debt), Structural Adjustment Plans and
neoliberal reforms, attack to the commons.
democracy (what): institutional crisis, crisis of
representation, nation-state crisis, governance
crisis, corruption, constitutional crisis.
The networked character of modern society
makes country-specific unrest predictions pointless. There is, in reality, one political entity that
matters. Right now it is more unequal than it’s
ever been; its core economic model is destroyed;
the consent of its citizens to be governed
is eroded. It is the world - Paul Mason
(on The Economist’ unrest predictions)
Number of world protests by main grievance/demand 2006-2013
The logics of contagion and the protests worldwide
World protest in more than 1000 cities
Technopolitics is not clicktivism nor cyberactivism.
Technopolitics is not just the mere use of the
Internet and social networks, but a new paradigm of
political organization, affection, communication and
struggling through and within the net.
Technopolitics is not about Internet itself but about
the capacity of Internet to increase the political
potentialities of the hiperconected multitudes, to
increase capacities of cooperation and affection
between brains/bodies through the Internet tools.
Technopolitics paradigm is not homogenic, there are
differences between countries and regions: differences
on digital divide, internet cultures, and digital
Internet use grows a 20%
during the emergence
of the #15m and the
occupation of the squares
all around Spain in 2011.
This increase is mainly on
the use of Facebook and
the squares and the net>
New political paradigm
#15m 2011 network
(cooperation and interaction)
spanish political parties network
(competitivity and identity)
2. Social movements?
Network-system its a complex network
with a multiplicity of nodes which are
articulated organically and in a ever
Network-movements go beyond the
sociological cathegory of social movements.
They are articulated through the network
and reach and involve a much more larger
number of people than the ‘former’ social
3. Horizontailty? Leaderless?
Social media use is not characterized by absolute
horizontality, but is rather accompanied by the rise
of new forms of soft leadership. The term “choreography” is a metaphor to render the idea that at
the time of social media protest activity is not as
spontaneous and disorganised as it might appear
at first sight. Rather, by using social media, acting
as Facebook admins or popular movement tweeps,
contemporary digital activists come to act as choregraphers or soft leaders of sorts - Paolo Gerbaudo
transversality and distributed/temporary/coreographical leadership
4. Fiction vs. Real?
Tweeting Mubarak’s overthrow>
Not everyone in the world is in
the Internet, but everyone in the
Internet is in the world
5. Mass media vs. alternative media?
*Global public sphere
We can hope for a transformation of
mass-media power that will overcome
contemporary subjectivity, and for the
beginning of a post-media era of collective-individual reappropriation and an
interactive use of machines of information, communication, intelligence, art and
culture. -F.Guattari (1990)
Viral Gezi memes>
The whole world tracking #occupywallstreet
front pages newspapers 11-13 May 2011
front pages newspapers 16-18 May 2011
Front page coverage of Brazilian protests
by the Brazilian media
Front page coverage of the Arab Srping
by the Spanish media
*Developing a common
language for trasnational
*Working on new tools,
digital alphabetization, a
culture(s), and a
*Confronting big brother
and kill switch (State/market
control): net neutrality.
*Keep on producing
inclusivity and the
becoming-99% of the
*Interwave and strengthen
*Multilayer and multiscale
struggles: geoterritorycyberterritoy, global-local.
changes at the trasnational
level (create new
trasnational institutions for
situations and forces (see
*Experiment on new
distributed processess (not
just destituent ones).