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Social Media & Revolutions

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Social media and revolutions. What's the role of social media and Internet technologies for the revolutions and revolts of the XXI century?

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Social Media & Revolutions

  1. 1. social media and revolutionsadrià rodríguez
  2. 2. WHY IT’S KICKING OFF EVERYWHERE!? HOW. New ways of affection and comunication, Internet, social media, social networks. WHO. Highly-educated generation, hyperconected youths, impoverishment, broken social ladder, structural crisis labour market (high unemployment rates, precarity and flexibility as the norm), debt (household and/or public debt), neoliberal reforms, attack to the commons. WHAT. Institutional crisis, crisis of representation, nation-state crisis, governance crisis, corruption, constitutional crisis, lack of social and human rights, welfare crisis. The networked character of modern society makes country-specific unrest predictions pointless. There is, in reality, one political entity that matters. Right now it is more unequal than it’s ever been; its core economic model is destroyed; the consent of its citizens to be governed is eroded. It is the world - Paul Mason
  3. 3. Number of world protests by main grievance/demand 2006-2013
  4. 4. The logics of contagion and the protests worldwide from 2010 to 2013 Social media call Concrete event Others (social unrest)
  5. 5. #15o 2011 . World protest in more than 1000 cities
  6. 6. States are opaque for citizens and citizens are transparent for states. This is surveillance. States have to be transparent for citi- zens and citizens have to be opaque for states. This is democracy. - Jeremie Zimmerman
  7. 7. Autonomous organizations: Democracia Real Ya! MASS SELF-COMMUNICATION
  8. 8. Autonomous communication: 15m
  9. 9. Toque a Bankia (2012)
  10. 10. We can hope for a transformation of mass-media power that will overcome contemporary subjectivity, and for the beginning of a post-media era of collective-individual reappropriation and an interactive use of machines of information, communication, intelligence, art and culture. -Felix Guattari NEW PUBLIC SPHERE
  11. 11. The whole world tracking #occupywallstreet upheaval on 17.09.2011
  12. 12. Front page coverage of the Occupy movement in the USA
  13. 13. Front page coverage of the 15m movement in Spain
  14. 14. front pages newspapers 11-13 May 2011 front pages newspapers 16-18 May 2011 Front page coverage of the 15m movement in Spain
  15. 15. Lilia Weslaty
  16. 16. Nabermedya
  17. 17. The Streisand Effect
  18. 18. 1. Twitterevolution? or Technopolitics paradigm RETHINKING ASSUMPTIONS Internet use grows a 20% during the emergence of the #15m and the occupation of the squares all around Spain in 2011. This increase is mainly on the use of Facebook and Twitter. Technopolitics is not clicktivism nor cyberactivism. Technopolitics is not just the mere use of the Internet and social networks, but a new paradigm of political organization, affection, communication and struggling through and within the net. Technopolitics is not about Internet itself but about the capacity of Internet to increase the political potentialities of the hiperconected multitudes, to increase capacities of cooperation and affection between brains/bodies through the Internet tools. Technopolitics paradigm is not homogenic, there are differences between countries and regions: differences on digital divide, internet cultures, and digital alphabetization.
  19. 19. Destituent & constituent yellings Min 5’10’’
  20. 20. New political paradigm #15m 2011 network (cooperation and interaction) spanish political parties network (competitivity and identity)
  21. 21. 2. Social movements? or Network-movements, Network-system Network-system its a complex network with a multiplicity of nodes which are articulated organically and in a ever changing way. Network-movements go beyond the sociological cathegory of social movements. They are articulated through the network and reach and involve a much more larger number of people than the ‘former’ social movements.
  22. 22. network-system #15m 2011 network-system #15m 2012
  23. 23. 3. Horizontailty? Leaderlessness? or Transversality, distributed/temporary/coreographical leadership, borderless organization Social media use is not characterized by absolute horizontality, but is rather accompanied by the rise of new forms of soft leadership. The term “choreo- graphy” is a metaphor to render the idea that at the time of social media protest activity is not as spontaneous and disorganised as it might appear at first sight. Rather, by using social media, acting as Facebook admins or popular movement tweeps, contemporary digital activists come to act as chore- graphers or soft leaders of sorts - Paolo Gerbaudo
  24. 24. transversality and distributed/temporary/coreographical leadership
  25. 25. Decentralized/temporary/coreographical leadership
  26. 26. 4. Fiction vs. Real? or Geoterritory-Cyberterritory, Simbiosis Multilayer revolt, Augmented-event Not everyone in the world is in the Internet, but everyone in the Internet is in the world - @Ciudadadano_zero0
  27. 27. Lina Ben Mhenni
  28. 28. Egyptian revolution: the network and the square
  29. 29. Swarming: voces25s (2012)
  30. 30. STATE #Control #Surveillance MARKET #Selling data from prosumers, #Selling brands and products to prosumers Privacy Encription Free culture, free infromation and free software P2P Autonomous platforms and media, but.... > + WE/ GLOBAL CITIZENS/ 99% #Democracy #Rights DEMOCRACY FOR/FROM THE NETWORKS
  31. 31. It’s very hard for a repressive government to shut down a system that most people are using for perfectly innocuous needs - Ethan Zuckerman on the Cute Cat Theory
  32. 32. Images, videos and data from > Datanalysis research group IN3 (UOC University) > “Kairós. The reinvention of the democracy in the Mediterranean” documentary > Outliers Collective Special thanks to Javier Toret Paolo Gerbaudo Hector Huerga Lali Sandiumenge Pablo Aragón Lilia Weslaty Bernardo Gutiérrez Juan Linares Nuria Vila Ruben Martínez December 2015

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