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Integrating eBooks and eReaders into Your Library: Part 1 (April 2012)
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Integrating eBooks and eReaders into Your Library: Part 1 (April 2012)


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  • 1. Purchasing E-books for your Library Sue Polanka Wright State No Shelf University Required® Libraries
  • 2. Libraries who offer eBooks 72% 94% 33% Public Academic School 82% 95% 44% Public Academic School
  • 3. Topics of Conversation Business Models Licensing and Access Publishers, Aggregators & Wholesalers Consortial Purchasing Downloadable Options Host your own eBooks Evaluating Vendors & Budgeting
  • 4. Business Models & Licensing One Book-One User/Checkout Perpetual Access  Multi-User or Unlimited Use Subscriptions Access or build a Patron Driven collection? Short-Term Loan Open Access Ongoing Fees? Free
  • 5. Patron Driven Acquisition (PDA) Guaranteed use of purchased content Libraries select titles MARC records in catalog Use of book triggers purchase Various trigger/price points Publishers and aggregators offer See also: Patron Driven Acquisitions, DeGruyter, 2011
  • 6. Short Term Loan Based on PDA 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 30 day loans Access only - Nothing owned ILL alternative Access more content for same cost Accountability – You spent how much on what?
  • 7. Open Access eBooks Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) Pinter plan See also: Eric Hellman’s Open Access chapter in LTR and Frances Pinter interview on No Shelf Required
  • 8. Sampling of Free eBook sites For all For Children/YA DailyLit  Big Universe Free Literature  Book Glutton Google Books  Children’s Books Online HathiTrust  Children’s Literature Bookshelf Internet Archive  Classic Reader  In-library lending program  Many Books  International Children’s Digital Project Gutenberg Library (need account) Scribd  Magic Keys World Public Library
  • 9. Free - In Library Lending Internet Archive Hosted on Pool of 200K ebooks 1000+ member libraries 20th Century titles Donate one book to the program to join See eBook Buzz column in ONLINE Magazine, March/April issue
  • 10. Licensing and Access
  • 11. eBook Access Levels Perpetual Access Subscription Files sent to library Perpetual Access Fees paid up front LocallyPublic Hosted ShortDomain Limits Term On Loan or Circulation Rentals Perpetual Access Perpetual Access Ongoing Fees Open Access No Fees Locally Hosted DRM
  • 12. Rights and Licenses Right of First Sale in US US Copyright Law provides for Interlibrary Loan Licenses take away these rights Lease not own digital content
  • 13. Layers of Content Control DMCA DRM License Agreements Copyright Physical Adapted from Mary Minow presentation,
  • 14. Think you own that eBook? …non-exclusive right to view, use, and display such Digital Content an unlimited number of times Digital Content is licensed, not sold, to you by the Content Provider. Text from Kindle Terms of Use
  • 15. When you buy a downloadable book from us,what you are buying is the right to use thatbook in the way we explain below for yourown personal, non-commercial use only Text from Pottermore Terms of Use
  • 16. Libraries don’t own them either Licensed Content “Access licensed content”Nothing contained in the agreement shall be construed as granting the end user any ownership rights in or to the licensed content Text from eBook aggregator license
  • 17. Purchasing eBooks See Library Technology Reports, Nov/Dec issueThe No Shelf Required Guide to E-Book Purchasing
  • 18. Buying from Publishers +’s Get content direct More stable title list One platform  Search across content formats  Features enhance content  Target to your audience More room for negotiations
  • 19. Buying from Publishers -’s  Multiple license agreements, one for each publisher  Lots of E-management  Multiple platforms  Not an option for most trade titles
  • 20. Publishers won’t sell to libraries  Penguin  Macmillan  Simon & Schuster  Hachette  Brilliance AudioImage from
  • 21. Buying from Aggregators +’s Many publishers, one platform One license agreement Integrated into distribution systems and approval plans Discovery Improves visibility of smaller publishers & collections CD services offered
  • 22. Buying from Aggregators -’s Many publishers, one platform  Not all publisher content available One license agreement  Delays in release or embargoes Integrated into distribution systems and approval plans  Pricing/licensing established by publishers, not much room for Discovery negotiation Improves visibility of smaller  Limits on size of consortia? publishers & collections  Minimum purchase CD services offered requirements?
  • 23. EBL Dawson Mackin eBooks on Follett Era EBSCOhostKnovel ebrary GVRL Books Credo 24x7Safari Ingram Baker& MyiLibrary Taylor 3M OverDrive Freading
  • 24. University Press Consortia UPO Cambridge Books at JSTOR UPCC UPSO Oxford See also, eBook Buzz column in ONLINE magazine, Jan/Feb 2012
  • 25. Buying from Wholesalers +’s Many publishers or aggregators Single or multiple titles Print or E titles Billing/licensing/shipping Approval plans E-preferred status Single library or consortia
  • 26. Buying from Wholesalers +’s -’s Many publishers or aggregators  Not all publisher content available Single or multiple titles  Delays in release or embargoes Print or E titles Billing/licensing/shipping  Pricing/licensing established by publishers, not much room for Approval plans negotiation E-preferred status Single library or consortia
  • 27. Consortial Purchasing
  • 28. Consortial Purchasing +’s More content, less money Consistency across libraries Share content ILL One license Centralized tech/billing
  • 29. Consortial Purchasing +’s -’s More content, less money  Publishers don’t necessarily want shared collections Consistency across libraries  Long process Share content  Less control of ILL content/platform selection  Negotiating the multiplier One license  Higher holds ratios Centralized tech/billing  Cafeteria plans
  • 30. Downloadable eBooks Cover to Cover Reading Options
  • 31. OverDrive 700,000 titles; 1000 publishers + Pottermore Ebooks/audiobooks/videos Lease with maintenance/hosting fees Format choices + Kindle Patron-driven acquisition options Sample chapters Some DRM free, simultaneous user content
  • 32. Baker & Taylor + Axis 360 + blio 105,000 ebook titles Axis 360 Digital Library Lowest cost of entry Real time availability of titles Cloud based delivery blio ereader software EPUB/PDF downloads soon
  • 33. 3M Cloud Library 100,000 ebook titles; 40 publishers Purchase with rights to move content Year by year commitment Manage content in the cloud Photo courtesy of Eric Hellman eReaders for checkout Discovery station Photos from 3M
  • 34. Freading 20,000 ebook titles Pay per use Nothing Owned No access fees Buy same content multiple times $.50 - $2.00 a loan Meet high demands at lower cost
  • 35. Host your own eBooks
  • 36. Locally host eBook content
  • 37. Locally Own/Manage Content +’s Purchase content files direct from publisher or author Control Interface We are the aggregator Self-preservation No DRM - kinda
  • 38. Locally Own/Manage Content +’s -’s Purchase content files  IT/Programming staff direct from publisher or author  Technology/servers Control Interface  We are the vendor We are the aggregator  Upkeep costs Self-preservation  Not all publishers will play No DRM – kinda
  • 39. Evaluating Vendors Find your content first Business Models available Level of access desired User Interface features DRM/restrictions Statistics/Use Data Support Evaluation Matrix - or
  • 40. Sample Evaluation Matrix Chart courtesy of University of California Irvine Libraries
  • 41. Budgeting What is the best practice? Reallocate existing funds List Cost vs. Discount vs. List+ Weigh costs of purchase vs. subscribe Look for sustainable models Short-term Loan vs. ILL Access Fees and ongoing costs? Start with pilot projects
  • 42. Budget Projections Public Libraries Current 3-4%, projecting 8.8% by 2016 Academic Libraries Current 8.7%, projecting 19.1% by 2016 School libraries Current 2-3%, projecting 8% by 2016 Source: Library Journal Survey of eBook Penetration and Use, 2011
  • 43. Current/Projected SpendingSource: Library Journal Survey of eBook Penetration and Use, 2010
  • 44. Keeping Up? No Shelf Required – Teleread – INFOdocket– eBooknewser - The Digital Reader - Go-to-hellman - ALA TechSource blog - LJ/SLJ ebook Summit –
  • 45. Questions? sue.polanka@ Twitter @spolanka