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Nylrc nora apr. 2013


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Nylrc nora apr. 2013

  1. 1. Frankenbooks: Understanding eBooks and eReadersStephen Abram, MLS, FSLAConsultant, Dysart & JonesSouth Central New York Regional Library CouncilApr. 23, 2013
  2. 2. Is this graphic correct? What‟s wrong?
  3. 3. Rethinking CollectionDevelopment StrategiesGetting back to basicsUsing the serials metaphorRole of discovery and identificationRole of the reader, privacy, retail, subs, ...
  4. 4. Questions for Today:1. What is REALLY happening with eBooks?2. Where is all this change taking us?3. Does the eBook have a different value?4. Today‟s session is about frameworks. For details see the webliography at the end or online.5. What is the role for special librarians in our info-future?
  5. 5. eBook Penetration School Public Academic100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2010 2011 2012 Source: Library Journal Survey of Ebook Penetration – 2010-2012
  6. 6. Is the book in your head?
  7. 7. eBook Benefits What makes an e-book better or worse from the user‟s, reader‟s or librarian‟s POV? Credit: Polanka
  8. 8. The Physical Act of Reading
  9. 9. Think harder about book components and workflow!
  10. 10. Is it reallyexpensive orjust a matterof ROI andvalue?
  11. 11. Have Journal Prices Really Increased Much in the Digital Age?(Scholarly Kitchen blog)
  12. 12. Good Questions• What if prices of the predominant journal form have actually been falling?• What if we‟ve been measuring the wrong things, or measuring insufficiently?• And what if the growth in expenses are not the result of price increases but a result of the growth in science?”
  13. 13. The Real Digital Story• Print subscription prices are a misleading and inaccurate method for tracking library serials spending• “. . . libraries‟ spending on periodicals has increased three-fold while their collections have tripled in size . . . Spending three times as much to get three times as much tells a very different story from the “price increases” story. . . .”• Published article output and research spending has grown 3.o% to 4% per year since 1990
  14. 14. Whose needs are met by e-books and e-libraries?
  15. 15. There is no guarantee that the e-book scenario will play out toinclude libraries
  16. 16. 27The Big Six• Big Six (publishing) ▫ Hachette (publisher) ▫ Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group/Macmillan ▫ Penguin Group ▫ HarperCollins ▫ Random House ▫ Simon & Schuster
  17. 17. 28Hope• ReadersFirst•• CULC• Douglas County & 3M
  18. 18. 29Values• Selling eBooks or print books through the library• Independent booksellers or chains?• Self published books?• Discovery (LinkedData)• Amazon Library plan• Debate: Should librarians make choices for other adults?• How should small presses get discovered to reader audiences?
  19. 19. Deer in headlamps slide here.
  20. 20. What is an EXPERIENCE? What is a library experience?What differentiates a library experience from a transaction?What differentiates libraries from Google/Bing?
  21. 21. The Evolutionof Answers
  22. 22. Why do people ask questions?Is your library experience conceptually organizedaround people, answers and programs?Or collections, technology and buildings?
  23. 23. Why do people ask questions? Who, What, When, Where How & Why Data – Information – Knowledge - Behavior To Learn or to Know To solve a problem To Acquire Information, Clarify, Tune To Decide, to Choose, to Delay To Interview, Delve, Interact, Progress To Entertain or Socialize To Reduce Fear To Help, Aid, Cure, Be a Friend To Win A Bet
  24. 24. READING EXERCISE Why do people read? What is the workflow context for reading in special libraries?
  25. 25. Why do people read?1. To learn2. To engage in hearing other‟s opinions (to agree or disagree or understand)3. To develop more knowledge about myself and develop as a whole person4. To be entertained and laugh, to engage and interact5. To address boredom and the inexorable progress of time6. To research and keep up-to-date7. To participate well in civil society (everything from news to voting)8. To be informed (and maybe smarter)9. To understand others (individually and culturally)10. To escape our day-to-day lives11. To stimulate the imagination and be inspired or spiritual12. To write and communicate better through reading others13. To teach14. To have something to talk about15. To connect with like-minded people
  26. 26. Books
  27. 27. Fiction
  28. 28. Non-Fiction
  29. 29. Encyclopedia Framing tools
  30. 30. Reference Quick, source, credit, proof …
  31. 31. Directories Workflow in targets, mailings, etc.
  32. 32. Dictionaries Is there any need for print?
  33. 33. TextbooksIs the codex/book the best container for pedagogy?Are textbooks at the tipping point of scrolls?
  34. 34. ScholarlyQuality, proofs, positioning …Is print the best format for scholarly publishing in every field?
  35. 35. E-Learning MOOCs
  36. 36. MobilityUnderstanding the different form factorsand target user environments
  37. 37.  Harper Collins OverDrive Kindle Library e-books Advertising Malicious Links Vanity Press vs. self publishing
  38. 38. Skirmishes but Big Ones App Store Rules Porn – e.g. Sports Illustrated No Criticism rule Politicians‟ apps Satire Pulitzer Prize winner Books as an app require approval Potential restraint of trade Who chooses? Censorship . . .?
  39. 39. What does all this mean? The Article level universe The Chapter and Paragraph Universe Complete integration of books and serials Integrated with Visuals – graphics and charts Integrated with „video‟ Integrated with Sound and Speech Integrated with social web Integrated with interaction and not just interactivity, workflow… How would you enhance a book?
  40. 40. Device Issues
  41. 41. Borders Kobo, B&N Nook, Amazon Kindle, Apple iPad, Sony, etc. . . .
  42. 42. Mobility
  43. 43. InterdisciplinaryCross-disciplinaryIntegrated
  44. 44. Technology Context• Cloud (SaaS, PaaS, IaaS)• Laptops and Tablets• Mobility / Smartphones• Bandwidth (Wired, WiFi, Whitespace)• Learning Management Systems• Streaming video and audio vs. download• HTML5 and Apps – the battle• Advertising auction models and „product‟• New(ish) Players (Amazon, Apple, G, B&N, Uni‟s, states/provinces/na tions)
  45. 45. Book e-Challenges• Format Agnosticism• Browsers: IE, Chrome, Firefox, Safari• Devices: Macintosh, PC Desktops & Laptops• Mobile: Laptops, Tablets (iPad, Fire, etc.)• Mobile: Smartphones (iPhone, Blackberry, Android, Windows, etc.)• Container: PDF, ePub, .mobi, Kindle, etc.• Learning Management System: Blackboard / WebCT, D2L, Moodle, Sakai, MOOC, etc.• Purchasing (Amazon, B&N, Chegg, CengageBrain, Apple Store, University Textbook Store, direct, aggregator, etc.)
  46. 46. Pricing Models• Buy the print copy• Buy the exact electronic copy of the print• Buy both (bundling)• Rent the print or e-copy for a specified period• Create custom coursepacks in print or e-copy• Buy at the course level included in fee• Buy at the institution / enterprise level• Buy at the state/province level• Espresso Book Machines• Pay-per-use, micro-payments, „Square‟ and phones
  47. 47. Sample Evaluation Matrix Chart courtesy of University of California Irvine Libraries
  48. 48. We are in an evolving space with e-books (just like articles in the lastcentury).• Don‟t fossilize your positions too soon• Remain open to innovation and experimentation• Keep librarian values as a touchstone• Focus on the end-user & enterprise needs
  49. 49. What is the priority? Price, Cost, Value, ROI Managing or Mandating the Adoption Curve Learning and Progress Societal Impact = 17%, 40%, 70%? IMPACTS of Value to the Enterprise ROI, ROE, Productivity and efficiency and effectiveness
  50. 50. This era will see a FundamentalReimagining the BookFor the present there will bethose who resist and theresisters will be the majority.
  51. 51. Publishers Platforms Archiving Budgets Patron DrivenDevices Access Consortia eBooks ILL DRM Accessibility Aggregators Formats Libraries Licensing Downloads Via Polanka
  52. 52. Keeping Up Blogs• No Shelf Required –• LJ/SLJ ebook blog–• ALA eContent blog-• ALA TechSource blog -• Teleread –• INFOdocket–• eBooknewser -• The Digital Reader -• Go-to-hellman -
  53. 53. Must Reads
  54. 54. 82Resources• Sue Polanka‟s presentation on eBooks for ALA:• Purchasing eBooks for Your Library• purchasing?ref= purchasing-e-books-for-libraries-02-14-13/• Sue Polanka‟s ALA LTR book:• The No Shelf Required Guide to eBook Purchasing• Ellyssa Kroski‟s presentation on eBooks:• Evaluating e-Book Offerings• offerings?utm_source=slideshow&utm_medium=ssemail&utm_camp aign=download_notification• JISC Compare eBook Platforms•• Wellesley College eBook Vendor Evaluation matrix• edg
  55. 55. Suggestions for readings• E-Book Media and Communications Toolkit ▫• Ebook Business Models: A Scorecard for Public Libraries ▫ ALA Digital Content & Libraries Working Group ▫ content/uploads/2013/01/Ebook_Scorecard.pdf• Library Services in the Digital Age ▫ Pew Internet ▫• Library Patrons and Ebook Usage ▫ Library Journal Patron Profiles, v1 n1 (fee-based report)• A primer on eBooks for libraries just starting with downloadable media ▫ Polanka, Sue, in Library Journal Via Polanka
  56. 56. Thanks Stephen Abram, MLS, FSLA Principal Lighthouse Partners /Dysart & Jones Cel: 416-669-4855 Stephen’s Lighthouse Blog Facebook, Google+, LinkedIn: Stephen Abram FourSquare, Pinterest, Tumblr: Stephen Abram Twitter, Quora, Yelp, etc.: sabram SlideShare: StephenAbram1