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Using Visual Arts in Early Childhood Programming

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Using Visual Arts in Early Childhood Programming

  1. 1. Using Visual Arts in Early Childhood Programming Heather White & Katherine Hickey
  2. 2. Heather White Katherine Hickey Subscribe: Follow: Instagram: @thecardigannewsletter Play Free and Create: Play Free and Create is a collection of open ended art projects designed for toddlers and preschoolers, ages 18 months through 5 years.
  3. 3. Youtube videos Go to -> Channel: Play Free Create 1. Silly Face Paintings for Ages 0-5 2. Crumpled Flower Collages for Ages 0-5 3. Dancing Twirler for Ages 0-5 4. Action Painting for Ages 0-5
  4. 4. Using Visual Arts In Early Childhood Programming ● Guiding Principles and Philosophies ● 4 Art Projects ○ Supply Lists ○ Instructions ○ Video Demonstrations ○ Book Connections ● Resources ● Q&A
  5. 5. Learning Outcomes 1. Emerging art education concepts and early education philosophies 2. Early literacy principles 3. Justification for offering early childhood art making programs at your library 4. Four unique, open-ended, and process-oriented art projects to lead with young children 5. Using art-making materials creatively when leading art making for children 18 months to 5 years
  6. 6. Why Art With Littles? ● Underserved age group. ● Art making workshops are attractive to caregivers: ○ Cuts to art programs in the school system. ○ No one wants to make a big mess at home. ○ Art is something they want to do with this age group but don’t know how. ● Inspire caregivers by providing project ideas and material suggestions, and explaining why it’s beneficial for littles. ● Open-ended aesthetically pleasing pieces versus cookie cutter crafts.
  7. 7. Emerging concepts in Early Childhood Art Education ● Process (not product) ● Open-ended ● Material exploration ● Sensory engagement ● Coordination and dexterity ● Children make choices ● Children take risks ● Flexible thinking ● Anticipation and reveal (element of surprise)
  8. 8. Early literacy learning possibilities - Talk - Sing - Read - Write - Play A Multi-Arts Approach to Early Literacy and Learning Mariana Souto-Manning & Nancy James Pages 82-95
  9. 9. Grapho-motor skills Gripping a tool, hand eye coordination, dexterity, hand strength (grapho-motor skills) Reading
  10. 10. Cognitive development Sources: ●Mariana Souto-Manning & Nancy James (2009) A Multi-Arts Approach to Early Literacy and Learning,Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 23:1, 82-95, DOI: 10.1080/02568540809594647 ●Bolwek, A. (2014) How Art Changes Your Brain: Differential Effects of Visual Art Production and Cognitive Art Evaluation on Functional Brain Connectivity. PLOS ONE 9(12): e116548. Use of critical thinking, deduction, application of new techniques Learning and cognition
  11. 11. Social and emotional learning Group work, group learning, cooperation, interaction, parent- child bonding, Pro social skills: sharing, caring, empathizing Source: ● The Arts in Early Childhood: Social and Emotional Benefits of Arts Participation (National Endowment for the Arts)
  12. 12. logistics ● Start and end with a story ● Demonstration ● Caregivers lead art making ● Materials on separate table ● Collaborative table set up ● Clean-up station ● Instructions and inspiration for parents ● Look up your state’s visual art standards
  13. 13. Paper ● Card-stock ● Construction Paper Mark Making Materials ● Colored Pencils ● Markers ● Crayons ● Paint Sticks (also called Kwiksticks) ● Dotters Paint ● Tempera Paint ● Liquid Watercolors ● Paint Brushes Other Necessities ● Gallon of Glue ● Glue Sticks ● Scissors ● SIngle Hole Punch ● Craft Sticks ● Wet wipes Extra Fun ● Wiggle Eyes ● Glitter Glue ● Watercolor Pencils and Watercolor Crayons ● Colorful Feathers and Pompoms ● Stamps and Ink Pads ● Yarn, Sting, and Ribbons Things You Didn’t Realize Belong in Your Art Supply Closet ● Tissue Paper and Crate Paper ● Dish Sponges ● Masking Tape ● Cotton Balls ● Straws ● Plastic Utensils ● Styrofoam or Paper Plates ● Balloons ● Ice-cube Trays Things to Hoard ● Spray Bottles ● Bubble-wrap ● Plastic Lids ● Plastic Baggies ● Egg Cartons ● Magazines ● Jars ARTSupplies
  14. 14. First Round of Questions
  15. 15. Project #1 SillY Face Paintings Supplies: ❏ Pages from magazines - Look for full page advertisements and photos that include children, families, and animals. The less text on the page the better. ❏ Cardstock ❏ Wiggle Eyes ❏ Gluesticks ❏ Tempera paint in a variety of bright colors ❏ Paintbrushes or cotton balls (optional) ❏ Paper plates
  16. 16. Project #1 SillY Face Paintings Instructions: 1. Gather your magazine pages. Run an exacto knife down the inside edge of the page to remove it from the magazine or simply tear it out. Glue each magazine page to a sheet of cardstock, or other heavy paper. This will create a cleaner painting that dries with less wrinkles. 2. Provide each family with a paper plate and 2-3 colors of paint. (Limit the number of colors to avoid muddy color blending.) Provide cotton balls, paint brushes, or you can even make this a finger painting project. Children can paint dots, blend colors, or simply add colorful dabs of paint. Encourage participants to avoid painting over faces. There is no right or wrong way to paint the page; wild, crazy, and random brushstrokes are perfect! 3. After little artists have finished painting, it is time to add the wiggle eyes. Encourage children choose where to place the eyes. Can they make a “monster” by adding 5 or 6 wiggle eyes to the face, instead of just two?
  17. 17. Video demonstration
  18. 18. reading list ● Can You Make a Scary Face? (Jan Thomas) ● Find a Face ● Here a Face, There a Face (Arlene Ada) ● Fiona’s Feelings (John Hutton)
  19. 19. Application of concepts ● Choices: magazine image, how to use paint, wiggle eyes ● Risk: no knowledge of how the final product will turn out ● Surprise: silliness ensues when wiggle eyes are added ● Sensory: exploration of materials ● Art Education: color blending, mixed-media ● Open-ended: each painting is different, no right or wrong way to paint on the page ● Language Development:feelings, expressions, and emotions ● Narrative skills: character and story
  20. 20. Project #2 Crumpled Flower Collage Supplies: ● Card stock in lime green (or other bright colors) ● Lots of tissue paper in many colors and sizes ● Jug of classroom glue, such as Elmer’s ● Shallow bowls ● Markers (optional)
  21. 21. Project #2 Crumpled Flower Collage Instructions: 1. Provide each family with cardstock, a bowl of glue, and an assortment of tissue paper. 2. Encourage families to rip, tear and crumble the tissue paper into different sized balls and shapes. 3. After little artists have created a pile of ripped and crumbled tissue paper, they can then dip the pieces into the bowl of glue and place them on their paper. There is no right or wrong way to add paper to the page, little artists can spread the pieces out across the page or layer them one on top of another. 4. Optional: When the glue has dried, families can use markers to add stems and leaves to the “flowers,” caregivers will need to draw the stems and leaves for the smallest artists, more mature early learners may want to draw their own.
  22. 22. Video demonstration
  23. 23. reading list ● What Does Bunny See? (Linda Sue Park and Maggie Smith) ● Lenny in the Garden (Ken Wilson-Max) ● Planting a Rainbow (Lois Ehlert) ● Flower Garden
  24. 24. Application of concepts ● Choices: placement of crumpled and torn paper ● Risk: no knowledge of how the final product will turn out ● Surprise: a garden emerges when stems and leaves are added ● Sensory: exploration of materials, tactile, auditory ● Art Education: color choice, collage method ● Open-ended: each collage is different
  25. 25. Project #3 Twirlers Supplies: ● Paper plates in white or in solid colors ● Variety of mark making tools: ○ Paint Sticks ○ Liquid Watercolor ○ Markers ○ Crayons ○ Colored Pencils ○ Dotters ○ Glitter Glue (optional) ● Ribbon/yarn ● Scissors ● Single Hole Punch
  26. 26. Project #3 Twirlers Instructions: 1. Lay out all the mark making tools and the paper plates. 2. Encourage little artists to fill the entire plate, front and back, with colors, lines, shapes, and sparkles. 3. After families have deemed their work complete, show caregivers how to cut the plate into a spiral shape. Holding the plate in one hand, cut a one inch band, moving into the center. 4. Hold the center of the plate and let the “twirler” unravel! Punch a hole at the top of the twirler, tie a ribbon loop, and hang on display. Add extra hole punches and ribbons along the length of the twirler for extra flair.
  27. 27. Video demonstration
  28. 28. reading list ● The Wind Blew (Pat Hutchins) ● Like a Windy Day (Frank and Devin Asch) ● Windblown (Edouard Manceau) ● Swirl by Swirl (Joyce Sidman and Beth Krommes)
  29. 29. Application of concepts ● Choices: choice of materials and colors ● Risk: no knowledge of how the final product will turn out ● Surprise: the final reveal of the twirler after being cut ● Sensory: exploration of materials, visual effect of the twirling ● Art Education: depth, movement, gravity ● Open-ended: each twirler is different, and will “fall” differently depending on how it is cut ● Language Development: movement vocabulary (twirl, swirl, fall, rotate, etc.) ● Narrative skills: cause and effect (i.e. “cutting the plate in a swirl makes it fall down”)
  30. 30. Project #4 Action Painting Supplies: ● Individual: Poster board or Card stock ● Collaborative: Giant canvas (drop cloth from the hardware store) ● Tempera Paint ● Liquid Watercolors ● Paint Brushes ● Bowls ● Smocks
  31. 31. Project #4 Action Painting Instructions: 1. We highly recommend doing this project outdoors! Pour tempera paint into bowls and place paper or canvas on the ground in an area where little artists will have plenty of room to move around. Provide paint brushes. 2. Show families how to dip the paintbrushes into the bowls of paint and then sling it onto the canvas/paper. Remind families to get plenty of paint on their brushes. The more paint on the brush the better the splatters. 3. Encourage little artists to try ‘throwing” paint at different speeds and from different angles creates splatters of many shapes and sizes. Walk around the paper or canvas and throw paint from all sides. 4. Prepare to get messy. You may want to have smocks or old t-shirts onsite. Plan for water play after finishing your project for more outdoor fun that also allows little artists to wash off paint splatters. 5. If you are also using liquid watercolor, let families squirt the watercolor directly out of the bottle, dilute with more water to double this versatile supply.
  32. 32. Video demonstration
  33. 33. reading list ● Lines that Wiggle (Candace Whitman and Steve Wilson) ● Art (Patrick McDonnell) ● Color Dance (Ann Jonas)
  34. 34. Application of concepts ● Choices: color, direction of throwing ● Risk: no knowledge of how the paint will look splattered ● Surprise: seeing the paint fall ● Sensory: big body movement ● Art Education: gravity, trajectory, movement as art ● Open-ended: no right or wrong way to throw paint
  35. 35. More picture books about art and creativity ● Lots of Dots (Craig Frazier) ● What If (Samantha Berger) ● Sky Color (Peter Reynolds) ● I Don’t Draw, I Color! (Adam Lehrhaupt) ● Colors (Jon Reiss) ● Mix it Up! (Herve Tullet) ● My Color is Rainbow (Agnes Hsu) ● Little Blue and Little Yellow (Leo Lionni) ● Harold and the Purple Crayon (Crockett Johnson) ● Bear Sees Colors (Karma Wilson) ● The Book of Mistakes (Corinna Luyken)
  36. 36. Resources PBS’ Creativity and Play: Fostering Creativity IMLS "Growing Young Minds" NAEYC "Nurturing Creativity" Early Childhood Art Educators "Art: Essential for Early Learning" National Endowment for the Arts Report “Arts in Early Childhood”
  37. 37. Art books
  38. 38. To follow on Instagram ● Art Bar @artbarblog ● Art Camp LA @artcampla ● Hatch Art Studio @hatchgal ● Michelle Mullin Means @mullinsmeans ● Purple Twig @purpletwig
  39. 39. Conclusion 1. Arts education is important for our youngest visitors and their families. 2. Renders art-making accessible to parents 2. You can justify hosting early childhood art making workshops. 3. You have instructions and supply lists for 4 projects and you know where to look for more ideas.
  40. 40. QUestions & ANswers Heather White Katherine Hickey
  41. 41. Using Visual Arts in Early Childhood Programming Heather White & Katherine Hickey