Sap Change And Transport Management


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  • Also note there are various tools on the market which greatly enhance SAP standard transport management.

    e.g. ZTRA from lean though powerful and affordable.
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Sap Change And Transport Management

  1. 1. SAP Change and Transport Management - Presented By Ravi Jain 29/07/2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Change and Transport System </li></ul><ul><li>Clients & their roles </li></ul><ul><li>System Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Basics of Transport control </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Layer </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Route </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Transport with Import Queue </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure of Mass Import </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure of Single Import </li></ul>Continue…. Monday, July 27, 2009 2 Contents
  3. 3. <ul><li>Transport Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Workflow </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Organizer </li></ul><ul><li>Working with Transport Organizer </li></ul><ul><li>Functions in Transport Organizer </li></ul><ul><li>Change Request </li></ul><ul><li>Roles in Change & Transport System </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you !!! </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix A - Selected Transaction Code </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix B - Steps of Activity for TMS </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix C - Version Managements </li></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 3 Contents
  4. 4. SAP's Transport management system represents the centralized change and transport system CTS for all R/3 systems. Features :- Enable SAP Admin to manage SAP R/3 Change Request Streamlined Change Management Minimize human interventions in handling transport request Helps you in organizing development projects Monday, July 27, 2009 4 Introduction
  5. 5. Monday, July 27, 2009 5 Change & Transport System <ul><li>CTS is the central tool for managing changes to Customizing and Repository data </li></ul><ul><li>CTS records all changes in change requests </li></ul><ul><li>changes in change requests can be linked together logically, or can be completely independent of each other </li></ul><ul><li>When you have finished your work, you can release the request </li></ul><ul><li>The change request is then used to copy the changes from this client to other clients or systems. This automatic procedure is known as a transport. </li></ul><ul><li>Transports of changes by the CTS allow you to develop in one environment, test your development work in a test environment, and then, if the tests are successful, use it productively </li></ul>
  6. 6. Monday, July 27, 2009 6 Clients and Their Roles We can divide clients into mainly three category :- CUST :- - SAP system landscape requires a client where Customizing settings, and possibly ABAP Workbench developments, can be made. client is known as the Customizing and development client, or Customizing client for short. The abbreviation CUST is used for this client QTST :- - Before you can use the Customizing settings and Workbench developments productively, you need to test them extensively for errors. The client where these tests are made is the Quality Assurance Client, QTST for short. PROD :- - Separate client is required for productive use of the SAP System. This client is known as the Production Client, PROD for short.
  7. 7. Monday, July 27, 2009 7 System Landscape Three-System Landscape Two-System Landscape One System Landscape
  8. 8. <ul><li>A transport layer is assigned to each development class and thus to all the object </li></ul><ul><li>in that class. Transport layer determines :- </li></ul><ul><li>in which SAP system development or changes to the repository objects are made </li></ul><ul><li>weather objects are transported to other system within the group. </li></ul><ul><li>all the project developed in the same system and transported on the same transport </li></ul><ul><li>route are grouped together to form a transport layer. </li></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 9 Basics of Transport Control - Transport Layer
  9. 9. <ul><li>There are two types of transport route :- </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidated Routes </li></ul><ul><li>to make the changes transportable, we set up consolidate route for each </li></ul><ul><li>transport and specify the source system (dev system) and target system (quality </li></ul><ul><li>system) </li></ul><ul><li>Any modified object that have consolidate route setup for their transport layer are </li></ul><ul><li>Included into transportable change request. </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery Routes </li></ul><ul><li>to transport the work to production system or other SAP system, we need </li></ul><ul><li>delivery routes. </li></ul><ul><li>We can setup routes between source and target system via :- </li></ul><ul><li>parallel forwarding </li></ul><ul><li>multilevel forwarding </li></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 10 Basics of Transport Control – Transport Route
  10. 10. Monday, July 27, 2009 11 Transport Route example via Multilevel Delivery In more complex system Landscape, in layered dev project that have each other as Sources We can activate multiple Delivery route in sequence
  11. 11. Any changes to customizing object or Repository object in the development system, do not automatically transported to target system. Two procedure to use import Queue to perform import :- Mass Transport Single Transport Make changes to objects Release a Change request Placed on the import Queue of the system Perform Import To use import queue Monday, July 27, 2009 12 Transport with Import Queue
  12. 12. <ul><li>This procedure imports all the request waiting for import in the queue. </li></ul><ul><li>This is good solution if we have large number of transport to administrator </li></ul><ul><li>it’s a secure way </li></ul><ul><li>Process Map :- </li></ul>Configure transport Route Btw dev / quality & production Define Mass import As the import method Specify the dates When you want to Execute mass import Admin can Schedule the Import periodically Monday, July 27, 2009 13 Procedure of Mass Import
  13. 13. <ul><li>We opt for Single Import under following situation :- </li></ul><ul><li>for infrequent transportation </li></ul><ul><li>if organization doesn’t include fixed import times. </li></ul><ul><li>or if we want to maintain production system directly with correction </li></ul><ul><li>Process Map :- </li></ul>Configure transport Route Btw dev / quality & production Release the modified Objects associated With change request Import individual Change request Monday, July 27, 2009 14 Procedure of Single Import
  14. 14. Monday, July 27, 2009 15 Transport Strategy Client Landscape &Transport Routes Transport Schedules Projects Quality Assurance Single Imports / Mass Import Transport Workflow Decide which client & system you need and project to be developed in which client To keep the dependencies under control, set up the transport schedule For quality assurance, check all the request in the quality system before they being delivered to other systems – TMS Use project to schedule the transport as well Decide if have to opt for single transport or mass transport This method automatically triggers a workflow ensure close communication bet developer and admin
  15. 15. <ul><li>It provides a framework for transporting enhancement or new development. It provides a direct connection between development and transport administration. </li></ul><ul><li>Ways to use transport workflow :- </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Workflow as transport strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Special transport workflow (mass transport) </li></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 16 Transport Workflow
  16. 16. Create Transport Proposal Proposal Contains Required Transport request Proposal Appear in TMS Work list Admin Approves Or reject it Admin Can change it As well if approves TMS imports Transport Request Into target system if import is Successful developer Can Complete The Proposal Monday, July 27, 2009 17 Transport Workflow – Process Diagram
  17. 17. <ul><li>A set of tools in the SAP systems for managing development project in the ABAP </li></ul><ul><li>workbench and in customizing and for preparing and managing transportation </li></ul><ul><li>between the SAP system. </li></ul><ul><li>Features :- </li></ul><ul><li>Provide functions for creating, documenting and release of change request. </li></ul><ul><li>to reorganize development landscape. </li></ul><ul><li>can call by SE09 / SE10 </li></ul><ul><li>There are multiple ways to manage and record the changes for the object, which are being discussed further. </li></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 18 Transport Organizer
  18. 18. <ul><li>Steps involve while working with the Transport Organizer :- </li></ul><ul><li>Record Changes in the Change request </li></ul><ul><li>working with Change request from creation to release. </li></ul><ul><li>checking weather transported request were successful or not. </li></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 19 Working with Transport Organizer
  19. 19. <ul><li>A source of information in the transport organizer that records and manage </li></ul><ul><li>all the modification made to repository and customizing settings during a </li></ul><ul><li>development work. </li></ul><ul><li>Types :- </li></ul><ul><li>Workbench Request </li></ul><ul><li>Customizing Request </li></ul><ul><li>Transport of Copies </li></ul><ul><li>Relocations </li></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 20 Function in the Transport Organizer - Change Request
  20. 20. <ul><li>A source of information in the transport organizer that records and manage </li></ul><ul><li>all the modification made to repository and customizing settings during a </li></ul><ul><li>development work. </li></ul><ul><li>Few Points :- </li></ul><ul><li>for every change to the repository object we need to assign that to specified workbench request. </li></ul><ul><li>From the system setting (if transport route is defined for the package of these objects) system determines if weather the change request are transportable and to which target system </li></ul><ul><li>we can only save the changes if we assign object to a change request. </li></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 21 Workbench Request
  21. 21. <ul><li>Change request for coping and transporting changed system setting from client specific tables. </li></ul><ul><li>Few points :- </li></ul><ul><li>Customizing request record client-specific customizing settings made in a single client. </li></ul><ul><li>Customizing request in the SAP System are all transportable or local depend on System settings. </li></ul><ul><li>System uses Standard Transport layer to determine automatically if change request are transportable and to which target system. </li></ul><ul><li>we can only save the changes if we assign object to a change request. </li></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 22 Customizing Request
  22. 22. <ul><li>transport object to a specified SAP system. </li></ul><ul><li>object are transported with the current version in SAP system. </li></ul><ul><li>original location of the object will remain </li></ul><ul><li>no delivery to another SAP System. </li></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 23 Transport of Copies
  23. 23. <ul><li>Relocation without package change </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to create object into another SAP system for temporary basis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is having same functions as transport of copies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It allows you to move original location of object. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Relocation with package change </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opt this type if want to change the development system for a </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>object for permanent basis. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allows you to change the original location of object. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Relocation of complete package </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opt this solution when development system of a complete </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>package is to be changed. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>it allows us to change the transport layer of the package. </li></ul></ul></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 24 Relocations
  24. 24. Monday, July 27, 2009 25 Releasing Change Request Create Request Create Task Use Request Editor to edit the content of CR / Task Object check when Releasing request Release Task Release Change Request Create a request in transport organizer or editing object Add new task to the existing CR Use request editor to edit the CR and task. We can write document, edit properties & edit object list If the check process is activated, cant release the request unless it is error free When you release a task, the object entry it contains r copied to the object list of CR Final release Change request
  25. 25. Monday, July 27, 2009 26 High Level Diagram
  26. 26. <ul><li>The change and the transport system offers the following two roles :- </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Administrator </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Super user authorized to import new SAP software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Routine transport task like import, approving changes etc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>having t-code SA38, STMS, RZ20 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Transport Operator </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>operator is responsible for routine task suck as import, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>approve software changes, transport, tracking import </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>using alert monitor to monitor to transport domain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>using import tracking functions to check transport </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>analyze and edit the contents of transport request. </li></ul></ul></ul>Monday, July 27, 2009 27 Roles in the Change & Transport System
  27. 27. Monday, July 27, 2009 28 Q&A Oops…
  28. 28. Monday, July 27, 2009 29 Thank you !!!
  29. 29. Configuring TMS Configuring transport domain Configuring transport routes Choose a Transport Strategy Configure transport workflow Configure QA Approval Procedure Perform Transport Import Overview Displaying & change the import queue Import request Update Import overview & Import Queue Check the Import queue Monitoring Transport Approve / Reject Request Process Request Delete Request from QA Work List Display the QA history Quality Assurance Status Transport Workflow TMS Worklist Monday, July 27, 2009 30 Appendix A - Steps of Activity for TMS
  30. 30. Monday, July 27, 2009 31 Appendix B - Selected Transaction Code TMS system overview STMS_DOM TMS transport routes STMS_PATH CCMS Alert Monitor STMS_ALERT Display / Change Critical transport objects STMS_TCRI Create / Change TMS System STMS_FSYS TMS work list STMS_INBOX Import queue of the current SAP System STMS_IMPORT Display the import queue STMS_QUEUE Initial Screen of Transport Management System STMS Function Transaction Code
  31. 31. Monday, July 27, 2009 32 Appendix C – Version Management Of Repository Object <ul><li>Version Management is active for all the objects. It serves different purpose and </li></ul><ul><li>user group :- </li></ul><ul><li>The developer can keep track of his or her work. </li></ul><ul><li>The developer can restore previous version by reactivating it. </li></ul><ul><li>System admin can monitor the work </li></ul><ul><li>It enables customer to use the system to adjust the data after they have </li></ul><ul><li>upgraded to new release </li></ul>