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Marquez a op2final


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Marquez a op2final

  1. 1. Type 2 Diabetes in Minority Children and adolescents <br />Heath problems caused by environmental and socioeconomic factors <br />
  2. 2. Minority children at risk <br />Problem:<br />Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is becoming a crucial problem in minority children and adolescents, with the number of cases in the United States (U.S.) rising every year. Type 2 diabetes is highest among minorities:<br />American Indians (25.3 and 49.4 for ages 10–14 and 15–19 years) <br />African Americans (22.3 and 19.4)<br />Asian/Pacific Islanders (11.8 and 22.7) <br />Hispanics (8.9 and 17.0) <br />Non-Hispanic whites (3.0 and 5.6) <br />Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDCP]. (2010, March). <br />
  3. 3. Causes <br />Minority communities have fewer grocery stores and more fast food restaurants then other higher socioeconomic communities do. <br />Fast food restaurants draw in low-income minorities by advertizing dollar menus. <br />Fast food is loaded with saturated fat, sodium, sugar, and lots of unhealthy preservatives.<br />
  4. 4. Physical fitness <br />Low-income minorities usually live in neighborhoods that are unsafe or lack parks and recreational places for the youth to play at. <br />Parents don’t allow their children to go outside if it is unsafe. <br />
  5. 5. Obesity <br />Most young people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are between the age of 10 and 19; however, there are many cases of children as young as 4 years old that have this disease and a major factor is their weight.<br />Obesity has become more common among our minority youth today and is related to the increase in diseases such as type 2 diabetes. <br />After age three, a child’s obesity risk increases in some family environments, not only because of the unhealthy food choices available to the child, but also because of the example that parents set at mealtimes. <br />
  6. 6. effects<br />Children and adolescents with T2D are at risk of:<br />Eye disease <br />Vision problems<br />Kidney disease <br />Circulatory problems including strokes, nerve damage and problems with wound healing<br />Gum disease <br />Shorter life expectancy and potentially death <br />
  7. 7. Solutions <br />Minority parents need to be more educated on their environmental and socioeconomic status. <br />More education specifically on eating habits and healthy food choices.<br />Encourage minority parents to engage in physical activities with their children even if it’s inside the house. For example, duck-duck goose, dancing, sitting exercises, jumping or jogging in place. <br />
  8. 8. Do Parents Know?<br />
  9. 9. How can you help?<br />More information about minorities at risk of T2D on the American Diabetes Association web page. <br />More prevention programs would decrease the current trend of T2D in minority children and adolescent.<br />More research on the current issue of T2D in minority children and adolescents. <br />
  10. 10. Many may have not realized that ones environment and socioeconomic status would play a huge part in the rise of T2D in minority children and adolescents, but research is finding that it is now a major concern. There is so much media attention on the epidemic of obesity in children, but we rarely hear about the epidemic of type 2 diabetes in minority children. <br />Thank You.<br />
  11. 11. Reference <br />American Diabetes Association [ADA]. (2010). Type 2 diabetes. Genetics of diabetes. Retrieved from<br />Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDCP]. (2010, March). Diabetes basics. Child overweight and obesity. Retrieved from<br />Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDCP]. (2010, March). Diabetes public health resource. Children and diabetes-More information. Retrieved from<br />Snyder, B. (2003, November 21). Minority children at risk, diabetes experts warn. Reporter, Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Retrieved from<br />The Health Recourses and Services Administrative [HRSA]. (2010). Child health 2010. Children in poverty. Retrieved from<br />U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2001, November). Diabetes disparities among racial and ethnic minorities. Retrieved from<br />