Safety first

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Safety first

  1. 1. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com SAFETY FIRST Industrial Safety W.Sameera Karunarathana 91/kammalthota kochchikade Don Bosco Technical ET-24 / 2011-2012 Centre - Negombo 2011-01-29 SriLanka
  2. 2. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com CONTENT • Personal Protective Equipment • USING TOOLS SAFELY • CREATING AN EXCLUSION ZONE • ELECTRICAL SAFETY WORK PRACTICES • The Management of Chemicals Hazardous waste • CONTENTS OF THE ORIENTATION • FIRST AID • FIRE SAFTY
  3. 3. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Personal Protective Equipment
  4. 4. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Personal Protective Equipment • Improper selection or misuse of personal protective equipment (PPE) can have severe consequences. • • Supervisors and Principal Investigators shall plan each job well in advance, giving adequate consideration to selecting PPE that would provide for greater safety and efficiency. • • Supervisors and Principal Investigators shall routinely observe use of PPE to ensure that the equipment is being used correctly. They shall also periodically look for signs of abuse or misuse. • • Supervisors, Principal Investigators, and Laboratory Safety Captains shall establish a means of periodically verifying that reusable PPE remains in good condition and that defective PPE is immediately removed from service. • • Supervisors and Principal Investigators shall ensure that required storage facilities are available
  5. 5. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com 1 Safety Eyewear • personnel will wear appropriate protective eyewear that meets the requirements of the I Standard whenever they are in areas, or performing activities, that pose a danger of eye injury. • Plano (non corrective) safety glasses, face shields, and chemical splash goggles can be obtained from the APS stockroom. All personnel should specify safety glasses that have side shields. Contact the Safety Coordinator for guidance on obtaining prescription safety glasses. • Personnel who already have safety glasses should seek verification from the Safety Coordinator or Coordinator that their eyewear satisfies all requirements.
  6. 6. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com 2 Safety Footwear • In posted areas and when activities present a moderate or greater risk of foot injury, personnel should wear safety footwear that meets the requirements of I Standard .
  7. 7. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com 3 Head Protection • Members working in construction areas or in other areas where there is a danger of head injury from falling or propelled objects must wear hard hats (safety helmets) that satisfy the requirements of the I standards. Hard hats are available from the stockroom.
  8. 8. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com 4 Hearing Protection • members who wish to use hearing protection equipment should consult with the Coordinator. The equipment is available from the stockroom.
  9. 9. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com USING TOOLS SAFELY
  10. 10. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com USING TOOLS SAFELY • • If you have not had formal training in the use of common tools, either view the video Hand Power Tool Safety, which is available from the Office Coordinator, or attend supervisors or other capable persons designated by supervisors will also demonstrate correct tool usage during on-the-job training. • • Plan each job well in advance and ensure that the proper tools are available; give consideration to special tools that would provide for greater efficiency and safety.
  11. 11. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com • • Use proper personal protective equipment. • • Store tools in appropriate storage facilities when not in use. • • Inspect all portable power tools upon receipt, and at least semi-annually thereafter, using the criteria given in Table 1. If a tool is defective, remove it from service immediately and repair or discard it. If it passes the inspection and tests, label it with the inspection date [as indicated in Table 2 ] on commercially available foil labels designed for this purpose.
  12. 12. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com • Never use a tool that has an out-of-date inspection code without first inspecting it as indicated in Table 1. • • Power tools must be either three-wire grounded or double-insulated and listed by Underwriters’ Laboratories or another recognized listing agency. • • Always plug cord-connected, hand-held electric tools into protected receptacles. • • Portable electric tools used in the vicinity of sinks and wet environments must comply with the grounding requirements , and they must be powered from a protected circuit.
  13. 13. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Power Tool Inspection/Testing Criteria and Inspection Frequency • Criteria for Removing a Tool from Service • Cracking, chafing, wear, or other signs of faulty power cord insulation • Evidence of faulty grounding conductor • Excessive resistance between tool case and ground connector prong • Cracked plug or receptacle housingBent or missing plug or connector prongs • Dead front plug, receptacle, or connector • Missing, bent, or otherwise abused switchImproperly functioning trigger lock on switch • Out-of-date semi-annual inspection tape (tag) • Signs of overheating or excessive sparkingInsulation resistance (get meter from Coordinator) • Dull, chipped, or broken bladesMalfunctioning guards
  14. 14. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Color Code Schedule for Portable Power Tools, Indicating Date of Most Recent Inspection and Test • Months • Year • Tape Color
  15. 15. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com CREATING AN EXCLUSION ZONE
  16. 16. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com CREATING AN EXCLUSION ZONE • When performing work that could put others at risk, you must demarcate an exclusion zone around your work. This is typically done with yellow and black plastic “barricade tape.” Use signs, placards, and other postings as necessary to warn others not to enter the demarcated area unless they have business in the area and have authorization (blanket or occasion-specific) to enter. Where appropriate, post special requirements for entry.
  17. 17. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com ENTERING AN EXCLUSION ZONE • Do not enter unless you meet all of the following conditions: • • You have business in the area; • • You have authorization to enter; and • • You are in compliance with all posted requirements for entry
  18. 18. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com WARNING SIGNS • • Caution—Eye Protection Required signs shall be posted at the entry to all areas where the potential for eye injury exists, such as laboratories, shops, and beam line radiation enclosures. • Caution—Hard Hat Required signs shall be posted at the entry to all areas where the potential for head injury exists, such as where installation work is being performed overhead or where persons might bump their heads on low-hanging objects. • Caution—Foot Protection Required signs shall be posted at the entry to all areas where there is a moderate-or-greater likelihood of suffering a foot injury caused by a falling or rolling object. • A HOT sign shall be posted during bakeouts of vacuum equipment and while hot plates and heating mantles are in use. • These hazard and warning signs and others are available through the DND-CAT Secretary or DND-CAT Safety Coordinator. •
  19. 19. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com ELECTRICAL SAFETY WORK PRACTICES
  20. 20. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com ELECTRICAL SAFETY WORK PRACTICES • • Always use safety glasses with plastic frames as the minimum eye protection when fabricating or maintaining electrical equipment. • • Always remove metallic personal articles (e.g., watches, rings, earrings, necklaces, key chains, or wristbands) before working on electrical or electronic equipment. • • Never enter a hazard area alone. • • Never use metal ladders or metal measuring tape where they may come in contact with electrical equipment. Use ladders with fiberglass side rails instead. • • Report abandoned electrical cables and equipment t • • Be alert for stray currents following paths caused by leakage (surface contamination), corona, or the ionizing effect of a flame. • • When working on any equipment that poses a high hazard (i.e., high-voltage power supplies, dischargeable capacitors, step-down transformers, complexes of electrical cabling, etc.), always have at least one person present who is trained in emergency-response procedures and has up-to-date certification . • • Most importantly, if you observe a potential hazard, report it immediately to your Safety or Electrical Safety Coordinator or Floor Coordinator.
  21. 21. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com • 1 Plug-and-Cord Connected Equipment • Many types of electrical equipment may be de-energized by simply unplugging the power cord and maintaining control over the plug. Nevertheless, before beginning work, verify that the equipment has not stored electrical energy. In some equipment, circuits having the potential for storing electrical energy are marked at the points where a grounding stick is to be applied. If this is not the case, check the circuits with an appropriate test instrument (e.g., a voltmeter) to locate sources of stored electrical energy. Drain stored energy with a grounding stick and use the test instrument to verify that the energy has been discharged. Keep the grounding stick connected to the main discharge point while working on the equipment. • 2 Hard-Wired Equipment: Lockout/Tagout Procedures • To lock out and tag out electrical equipment: • 1. Identify all energy sources and control switches or other energy isolating devices that control the supply of energy to the equipment to be locked out. • 2. Notify your Electrical Safety Coordinator, supervisor, and affected personnel about the lockout. This notification can be verbal. • 3. If the equipment is operating, notify the person responsible for the equipment that the equipment is to be shut down and verify that the controls have been left in the “OFF” position. • 4. Disengage all energy sources, and verify with an appropriate test instrument that power has been turned off. • • 3 Protective Measures • 1. Insulate yourself from contact with ground potential and energized parts by using insulated tools; linemen’s gloves, mats, and sleeves (all inspected and tested); phenolic sheets; dry boards; rubber-soled shoes (no nails); and/or insulative mechanical barriers. Do not depend on the insulation on energized wires for protection; it may have cracks or other defects. All tools used for electrical work must be insulated sufficiently to protect the worker during normal use of the tool. Linemen’s gloves must be tested and rated for more than the voltage of the energized parts. Insulative barriers should prevent anyone from falling or leaning into live parts and should also prevent any live parts such as a wire, cable, or bus bar from falling onto people or grounded metal. • 2. Avoid water and dampness. • 3. Ground all noncurrent-carrying parts that may become accidentally energized by a shorting tool or other object in order to prevent shocks to grounded persons. • 4. To protect yourself against the splatter of accidental arcing, wear plastic-framed safety glasses, long sleeves, a buttoned shirt, and a hard hat. • 5. The Safety Watch must be ready to instantly de-energize all power. • 6. Demarcate the work area to keep nonparticipants from entering.
  22. 22. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com The Management of Chemicals
  23. 23. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com The Management of Chemicals • To reduce accidents and control adverse effects that may result from the use of hazardous substances in This guideline applies to all chemicals used for installation and maintenance activities and to all chemical reagents used for laboratory purposes. Experimental samples are included only to the extent specified below.
  24. 24. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com • 1 Users of Chemicals will: • • Become familiar with the hazards associated with the chemicals before using them, and • • Become familiar with the hazard controls for the intended application of the chemicals and verify the proper functioning of such controls before chemical usage begins. • 2 Supervisory Personnel (Including Principal Investigators) will: • • Provide the Safety Coordinator or Chemical Safety Coordinator with timely advanced notice of the need to use chemicals; • • Give the Safety Coordinator appropriate safety information for each chemical; • • Become familiar with the hazards associated with the chemicals and ensure that the information is communicated to the persons working with the chemicals; and • • Become familiar with appropriate hazard controls and ensure that required controls are in place before workers begin using the chemicals. • 3 Laboratory Safety Captains will: • • Maintain an awareness of the chemical-related activities conducted in the spaces under their control; • • Periodically verify the proper functioning of the engineered controls and the proper maintenance of storage facilities; and • • Periodically verify the proper labeling of chemicals stored in their facilities. • approval requires, at a minimum, submitting Material Safety Data Sheets for the chemicals. • information gleaned from its Experiment Safety Review procedure to alert it to the planned use of hazardous chemicals.
  25. 25. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com HAZARD COMMUNICATION • Container Labels • All containers holding hazardous chemicals will be labeled in accordance with requirements with rely on the veracity, accuracy, and sufficiency of the manufacturer- affixed labels on the original containers. personnel shall not remove manufacturer-affixed labels. If personnel transfer hazardous chemicals to other containers, those containers shall be labeled, at a minimum, with: • • The name of the chemical that appears on the original container and the Material Safety Data Sheet
  26. 26. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Training • requires all personnel using its facilities to have all the training required with regard to the chemicals being used in their work area. Supervisors and Principal Investigators are responsible for providing personnel working under their direction with this information, which includes the following: • • Methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical in the work area; • • The physical and health hazards of the chemicals in the work area; and • • personnel may, as is appropriate on a case-by-case basis, use the training capabilities to satisfy chemical-specific training requirements.
  27. 27. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Hazardous waste
  28. 28. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Hazardous waste • Hazardous waste: any unwanted, non recyclable, unsalvageable solid, liquid, or gaseous material that is considered hazardous if released without treatment or control into the environment. A listing of detailed criteria for characterizing materials as hazardous waste is available from the Office of the AOD ES&H Coordinator. • Waste generator: the person whose work with a material first caused the material to become a hazardous waste. • Process knowledge: the waste generator’s knowledge of the source, use, handling, and storage of a material, particularly about the potential for radioactive contamination by activation or cross contamination
  29. 29. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com WASTE HAZARD CONTROLS • Waste Logbooks • Persons responsible shall keep a Waste Logbook to document inspection data (including dates, findings, and the identity of the person performing inspections) and additions of wastes (including dates, the identities of the materials, approximate amounts, the identities of the containers to which materials are added, and the names of persons making entries). • Waste Receptacles • Waste generators shall use the containers to hold wastes awaiting disposal. The waste generators shall label the containers according to instructions provided by the Chemical Safety Coordinator. • Any person who creates unforeseen hazardous waste should immediately contact the Chemical Safety Coordinator who, in turn, will arrange for a container and for the disposal of the waste. Under no circumstances should a person add a waste to any container other than one assigned for the disposal of that waste. Persons who improperly add hazardous waste to any other container are subject, as individuals, imposed sanctions, but possible federal enforcement action and penalties.
  30. 30. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com DISPOSING OF HAZARDOUS WASTE • . • 1. Before producing a hazardous waste, the generator should consult with the Chemical Safety Coordinator reviewing the operation to consider the steps that can be taken to minimize the amount and toxicity of the waste and provide for safe handling and storage. • 2 Waste generators shall place hazardous wastes in receptacles provided by the Chemical Safety Coordinator. Prior to the first addition of waste to a container, the generator will label the receptacle as instructed by the Chemical Safety Coordinator. At the time of each addition, the waste generator will document the addition of waste in the Waste Logbook . At least once a month, the waste generator will inspect the area as indicated inspection Checklist, which is available from the Chemical Safety Coordinator, and will document the inspection data in the Logbook. • 3 When containers are filled to 75% or more of capacity or upon completion of the activities that generated these wastes, generators will complete Chemical Waste Disposal Requisitions available through the Chemical Safety Coordinator • 4. Waste generators or, in the case of visiting researchers, the Chemical Safety Coordinator will contact the Floor Coordinator to arrange for required surveys and pick-up by Waste Management Operations.
  31. 31. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com CONTENTS OF THE ORIENTATION
  32. 32. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com 1 Part 1: Requirements • - will ensure that prospective visitors are aware that they must: • • Register with the Office and receive an appropriate safety orientation upon arrival, and • • Never enter a controlled area unescorted. • -will inform prospective users that they must: • • Contact the Office prior to arrival for guidance on registration; • • Complete the Orientation and safety training before a permanent film badge is issued; • • Describe probable activities , complete any additional safety training for those activities, and comply with hazard control measures • • Complete sector-specific training as outlined below and • • Identify on the Experiment Safety Review Form
  33. 33. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Part 2 Safety Policies and Resources • member covering the safety policies and resources portion of the sector orientation shall: • • Give the user an orientation to the Environmental, Safety, & Health Plan ; • • Call attention to the section entitled “General Policies” and point out that, as stated there • • Emphasize that the safety first principle is the primary tenet for performing any job, task, or experiment at facilities, and that the success of the safety and environmental protection effort depends on the commitment of all personnel; • • Introduce the user to the Safety Coordinator, the Safety Technician and the Director; and emphasize the importance of bringing all safety and environmental problems and concerns to their attention.
  34. 34. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Part 3: General Safety Information • -member covering this portion of the sector orientation shall review the following topics: • • Locations of safety equipment (fire extinguisher, shower, eyewash station, stocks of personal protective equipment, etc.); • • Location of safety documentation; • • Location of emergency phone numbers; • • Responding to alarms and other warnings; • • Use of safety glasses and other personal protective equipment; • • Restrictions on working alone; • • The importance of keeping work areas neat and orderly, and the aisles free of obstructions; • • Proper storage of chemicals and gas cylinders; • • Proper storage of other items (e.g., objects may not be stored on top of cabinets); and • • Securing electrical power strips.
  35. 35. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Checklists • Annual inspections by the Safety Committee • • Monthly inspections by the Safety Coordinator • • Monthly shop inspections by the Shop Coordinator
  36. 36. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com FIRST AID • First aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury. It is usually performed by a non-expert person to a sick or injured person until definitive medical treatment can be accessed. Certain self- limiting illnesses or minor injuries may not require further medical care past the first aid intervention. It generally consists of a series of simple and in some cases, potentially life-saving techniques that an individual can be trained to perform with minimal equipment. The best definition of a First Aid. While first aid can also be performed on all animals, the term generally refers to care of human patients. History The instances of recorded first aid were provided by religious knights, such as the Knights Hospitaller, formed in the 11th century, providing care to pilgrims and knights, and training other knights in how to treat common battlefield injuries. The practice of first aid fell largely in to disuse during the High Middle Ages, and organized societies were not seen again until in 1859 Henry Dunant organized local villagers to help victims of the Battle of Solferino, including the ...
  37. 37. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com ACCIDENT & FIRST AIDS Home Danger Response Airway Breathing Circulation • Home • First Aid Steps Many deaths and impact of injuries can be prevented with First Aid if causalities are treated immediately. First aid is the initial care given to an injured person. Mostly, this timely care prior to the arrival of the medical help means the difference between life and death. It must start immediately when the injury or illness occurs and continue until medical help arrives or the casualty recovers. The basic aims of first aid are: • To save life • To protect the casualty from getting more harm • To reduce pain and Priorities of Casualty Treatment
  38. 38. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com
  39. 39. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Priorities of Casualty Treatment • IMMEDIATE REQUIREMENT • Critical four minutes • One of the most common causes of a road accident death is due to loss of oxygen supply. This is mostly caused by a blocked airway. Normally it takes less than four minutes for a blocked airway to cause death. • The ‘golden hour’ • The first hour after the trauma is called the ‘golden hour’. If proper first aid is given, road accident victims has a greater chance of survival and a reduction in the severity of their injuries.
  40. 40. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Danger DANGER To self Bystander Casualty • Make sure it is safe to approach the injured person. Park your vehicle at a distance from the site. • Keep safe and don’t rush. Do not approach if it is too dangerous. • Call at 100 and make the scene as safe as you can. Give them the maximum details. Location of accident? Number of vehicles? Number of people injured? • Signal other road users to stop by waving or using hazard warning triangle. • Turn off the ignition of the vehicles involved in the acci
  41. 41. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Response • Response • Check the status of the casualties. Assess if the person is conscious or unconscious. Shake them lightly and shout to them. If you do not get a reply the victim is unconscious. • Treat the quietest person first, those screaming can at least breathe. Always suspect spinal injuries. • Our priorities are to keep airways open, provide resuscitation if needed and to treat serious bleeding. Other casualties should be kept still and warm. • Encourage people to stay where they are – people should stay in their vehicles unless it is too dangerous for them to be there. • After checking for danger, you must check for a response from the casualty. The casualty will be either conscious or unconscious.
  42. 42. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com CONSCIOUS • Shout out - if casualty replies it proves the casualty is breathing. • Approach carefully • Confirm if casualty can hear by asking his name and what happened. • Examine softly • Check for bleeding, shock and poisoning. Stop any bleeding by applying direct pressure with bandages or clothing. • Keep the casualty lying down • Keep casualty warm and relaxed. • Note: Do not give anything by mouth. If the scene is safe, do not move an injured casualty. make possible life saving First Aid.
  43. 43. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com UNCONSCIOUS • Shout out - If casualty does not reply, approach carefully • Shout loudly and shake the casualty, check if he responds • If unconscious, turn the causality on side to clear and open airway • Place casualtys far arm at right angle to the body • Place the arm on your side across the chest • Bend the knee on your side up • Support the head and neck and roll the casualty away from you. • Keep the casualty in this position and check their airway and breathing
  44. 44. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Airway • A: AIRWAY (Open and clear) • Check to see if the casualtys airway is clear. If not, examine and clear airway. • Support the casualty in the side position and tilt the head back and a little downward. • Open the mouth and clear foreign objects (e.g. broken teeth, food or vomit) • Place one hand high on the casualtys forehead to provide support • Support the chin with the other hand • Tilt the head backwards slightly • Lift the jaw and open the casualtys mouth slightly • Remember, there may be spinal injuries. Never roll an unconscious patient onto their back as their tongue may fall to the back of their throat and obstruct their airway.
  45. 45. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Breathing • B - BREATHING • Once the airway has been cleared, check if the casualty is breathing. • Check for breathing. Look, feel and listen. • If the casualty is breathing, leave them in the Lateral (sideward) position. • Monitor and manage shock, bleeding and any other injuries • If the casualty is not breathing, support the head and neck, then roll onto their back and give 5 full breaths in 10 seconds.
  46. 46. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com EXPIRED AIR RESUSCITATION (EAR) Start EAR if the causality is not breathing. EAR is also called mouth-to-mouth. • There are three methods of EAR: • Mouth-to-mouth • Mouth-to-nose • Mouth-to-mask Turn the casualty to his side to clear the airway before starting EAR
  47. 47. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Mouth to Mouth • Turn the casualty onto his back • Tilt the head back slightly and lift the jaw forward. • Pinch the casualty’s nostrils with thumb and finger to seal the nose. • Take a deep breath and breathe into the casualtys mouth. • Remove lips. Allow chest to fall. Turn your head to the side to check if the chest is rising and falling after each inflation • If chest does not rise, check the angle of the head then check the airway. If the stomach rises, decrease the amount of breath. • Give 5 full breaths in 10 seconds, then check the carotid (neck) pulse • If pulse is present, commence EAR at the rate of 15 breaths per minute.
  48. 48. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Mouth to Nose • This is done if there is an injury in the mouth • Tilt the casualtys head back • Close the casualtys mouth. • Take a deep breath and breathe into the casualtys nose. • Take your mouth away and open the casualtys mouth • Give 5 full breaths in 10 seconds • Check the carotid (neck) pulse. If pulse is present, commence EAR at the rate of 15 breaths per minute.
  49. 49. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Circulation • C - CIRCULATION • Check if the casualty has a pulse. • If casualty has a pulse but is not breathing, start EAR at 15 breaths per minute. • If no pulse is present immediately start CPR. • How to check pulse? • Feel for a carotid (neck) pulse by placing the pads of your fingers in the groove beside the Adams apple or the middle of the neck on a woman. You can check on either side of the neck. You must check the pulse for 10 seconds. • Note: When the body is in shock, it often shuts down the peripheral circulation, including the radial (wrist) pulse. Therefore it is not advised to check radial pulse. • CARDIO-PULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR) • Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a combination of the Chest Compression procedure and Expired Air Resuscitation (EAR). • Whichever method is used, the pulse must be checked after one minute and then at two minute intervals. Failure to do so may result in brain damage and lead to death. •
  50. 50. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Note: CPR must only be practiced on a revival dummy. • After 5 full breaths, check pulse. If no pulse is present commence CPR immediately. • Position the hands on the Compression point • Exert pressure using the heel of the lower hand • Depress the Sternum about 4-5 centimeters • Give equal time from compression and relaxation • Give 15 compressions in 10-12 seconds. 2 breaths in 3-4 seconds. 4 cycles per minute.
  51. 51. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Fire safety in Workplace
  52. 52. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com Fire Safety in the Workplace • Fire Safety in the Workplace • Following simple fire safety practices can prevent fires at work and reduce injuries and losses. • • Housekeeping • Keep your workplace clutter free. • Keep exits, stairways, storage areas, staff rooms and work areas free from debris such as empty boxes, waste paper and dirty rags. • Keep flammable liquid storage to a minimum and in approved containers. • Keep large quantities of flammable liquids in an approved storage cabinet. • Follow your buildings security measures and keep unauthorized people out of your workplace. • Keep alleys and other areas around your building well lit.
  53. 53. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com • Prepare for Emergencies • During a fire, everyones safety depends on good preparation and an efficient evacuation. • Do not overload electrical circuits. • Never run extension cords across doorways, under carpets or where they can be stepped on or pinched.
  54. 54. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com • Be careful with appliances • Unplug or turn off all appliances including coffee makers, hot plates, and burners at the end of each day. • Allow air to circulate around heat producing equipment such as photocopiers, computer terminals and heaters. • If you smoke • Smoke only where permitted and use large, non-tip ashtrays. Thoroughly soak butts with water before discarding. • Ensure visitors are aware of smoking regulations. • .
  55. 55. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com • Electrical Safety • Replace electrical cords that have cracked insulation or broken connectors Do not overload electrical circuits. • Never run extension cords across doorways, under carpets or where they can be stepped on or pinched.
  56. 56. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com • Portable Fire Extinguishers • Everyone should read the extinguisher instructions and be trained in the safe operation of fire extinguishers. • Ensure everyone has left the building before attempting to fight a fire. • Use portable fire extinguishers to extinguish and control small, contained fires until the fire department arrives. • Portable fire extinguishers are not designed to fight large fires or those that may spread quickly
  57. 57. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com • Employers should… • Post a fire escape plan in a prominent location on every level • Ensure all employees are familiar with exit locations, escape routes and fire extinguisher locations • Conduct regular fire drills • Post the emergency numbers on or near all telephones • Make provisions for the safe evacuation of employees with disabilities by appointing someone to assist them • Appoint and train a fire warden on each level of the building to ensure safe evacuation and ongoing safety programs • Employees should… • Know the location of all building exits • Know the location of the nearest fire alarms and how to use them • Count the doors or desks between their work area and nearest exit. During a fire, exit signs may not be visible due to smoke or a power failure. •
  58. 58. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com • What to do if a fire occurs: • Sound the alarm and leave the building immediately, closing all doors behind you. • If smoke blocks your primary exit, use another one. If you must exit through the smoke, stay low by crawling on your hands and knees. • Check doors before opening them. Kneel or crouch at the door, reach up and touch the door, knob and frame. If you feel any warmth on or around the door, use another escape route. If the door feels cool, open it slowly and carefully with your shoulder against it. Slam the door shut if you see flames or smoke on the other side. • Call 9-1-1 no matter how small the fire appears to be. • Follow directions, from fire and security personnel. Once outside, move away from the building to the designated meeting location, out of the way of fire fighters. Remain outside until the fire department says you may go back in
  59. 59. This PDF is Created by Simpo PDF Creator unregistered version - http://www.simpopdf.com THE END

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