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Child Sex Tourism is a Risk for Asian Destinations and Companies

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The Code would like to highlight the need for child protection as part of responsible and sustainable tourism and present it in the context of “crisis and risk management”. Even in Asian tourism sphere, the current initial thoughts of “crisis and risk management” may invoke precautions to prevent natural disasters that can impact tourism, such as tsunami and floods. However, there is also a real risk for a destination’s or a company’s brand and reputation when it comes to crimes of sexual exploitation of children or other crimes relating to children.

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Child Sex Tourism is a Risk for Asian Destinations and Companies

  1. 1. YOUR BUSINESS DESERVES ANOTHERSTAR
  2. 2. SOME OF OUR MEMBERS
  3. 3. TRAVELERS CHILDREN CRIME THE TOURISM SECTOR IS NOTTO BLAME FOR THIS
  4. 4. Introducing The Code as a Tool for Child Protection & Risk Reduction The Code of Conduct for the Protection from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism ITS NOT JUST THE RIGHT THING TO DO ITSALSO GOOD BUSINESS
  5. 5. COMMERCIAL SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN -CSEC Sexualabusebyapersoninexchangeforcashorinkindgiftsgiventothechild,athirdpersonorpersons; Acrimeagainstchildren; whereachildistreatedasasexualandcommercialobject; Achildisanyoneundertheageof18.
  6. 6. COMMERCIAL SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN -CSEC CSEC Children in Prostitution Child Sex Tourism Child Trafficking Child Pornography
  7. 7. DEFINITION Whenapersontravelsorusestheirstatusasatouristtosexuallyexploitachild. Childsextouristscanbedomestictravelersortheycanbeinternationaltourists. TheyUTILISEthetourismindustryandinfrastructureinordertocontactchildrenatthedestination.
  8. 8. CHILD TRAFFIKING PROCESS RECRUITMENT TRANSIT DESTINATION False job offers Stay w/ distant relatives False marriage offers Kidnapping Confiscation of ID Threat to report to authority Violence to child or family Social isolation Limited freedom or locked up Debt of money
  9. 9. “SURELY THIS DOESN’T HAPPEN IN MY COUNTRY” EVERY 16 SECONDSA CHILD IS SEXUALLY EXPLOITED 1 1: UNICEF estimates that as many as 2 million children are sexually exploited around the world annually THAILAND: 800,000 BRAZIL 250,000 KENYA 30,000 RUSSIA 30,000 (inMoscow alone) USA 300,000 • Largest number of children and women trafficked worldwide arein or from Asia (30%). • All countries are affected-domestic/cross border/ overseas trafficking and originating, transiting or receiving countries
  10. 10. Pacific Islands: Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu Vanuatu           New/Emerging Destinations: China + Malaysia + Pacific Islands Established Destinations: South-East Asia + South Asia CHILD TRAFFIKING HOT SPOTS IN ASIA
  11. 11. CHILD TRAFFIKING ROUTES Thailand:Source, Transit, & Destination Philippines:Source, Transit, & Destination Mongolia:Source South Korea: Source (minordestination) Japan:Destination (minortransit) Hong Kong: Transit, Destination Taiwan:Destination Cambodia:Source, Transit, & Destination Indonesia:Source, Transit, & Destination Australia:Destination New Zealand: Destination (source of internal trafficking) Viet Nam:Source, Destination Malaysia:Destination (minor source, transit) Singapore:Destination North Korea: Source China:Source, Transit, & Destination Myanmar:Source Lao:Source
  12. 12. SOME CASES “HetookmetoahotelinSukhumvitRoad. Therewasamanonreceptionandawomaninthelobby.Theysmiledatthegentlemancustomerthenlookeddownatmewithdisgustedface,makingmeknowthatIwastoblame.” She was 13 at the time.
  13. 13. SOME CASES October2012–CanadianChristopherNeil-37yearsold-“SwirlyFaceGuy” wassentencedfor9yearsinjailbackin2007butwassentbacktoCanadainSeptember2012.Hewillbemonitoredfor18monthsbyCanadianlawenforcement.ThereisalsoawarrantoutforhisarrestnowinCambodia.
  14. 14. IMPACT ON CHILD VICTIMS  The abuse is traumatic; leading to negative impact on the child’s physical, mental, and emotional health  Problems with health, pregnancy, and psychological trauma  Especially difficult to address is the psycho-social impacts, including behavior: -Sexualized behavior -Problem behavior –stealing/lying -Attachment behavior –trust issues w/ adults  Some children may be recruited to take part in exploitation or go back into exploitation
  15. 15. IMPACT ON THE INDUSTRY  Loss of culture & shifting away from historical/cultural tourism  Negative impact on society, family and communities  Loss of culture & shifting away from historical/cultural tourism  Continue the ‘negative’ image destinations as a sex tourism destination  Impedes on sustainable and responsible tourism  Dependency on the wrong type of tourism
  16. 16. PROOF OF CONCEPT
  17. 17. SO WHAT CAN YOUR BUSINESS DO?
  18. 18. WHY SHOULD YOUR BUSINESS ACT ?
  19. 19. USE YOUR ‘POWER’ TO… SAY: child sexual exploitation is not acceptable in tourism DO: raise awareness and conduct trainings ACT: report cases to authorities
  20. 20. HOW WE CAN HELP TheCodeisaninternationallyrecognizedinitiativewiththemissiontoprovideawareness,toolsandsupporttothetourismindustrytopreventthesexualexploitationofchildren.Focusonintegratingchildprotectionintotheindustryviaits6criteria. Industry driven with multi- stakeholder board Practical child protection for integration CSR + Responsible Tourism Tool
  21. 21. HOW WE CAN HELP Matthias Leisinger, Chairman Brenda Schultz Andreas Museler ECPAT Intl. Dorothy Rozga, VCFair Trade Tourism Jennifer SeifTravel Education CenterLottaSands ECPAT Netherlands Theo Noten
  22. 22. HOW WE CAN HELP INDUSTRY GOVT. THE CODE HQ LCRs - Created by ECPAT Sweden in 1998 in collaboration with Scandinavian tourism companies; - The Code is a practical tool for tourism companies; -The Code’s six criteria areofficially called ‘The Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism.’
  23. 23. THE CODE OF CONDUCT –The SIX criteria 1. Toestablishapolicyandproceduresagainstsexualexploitationofchildren; 2. Totrainemployeesinchildren’srights,thepreventionofsexualexploitationandhowtoreportsuspectedcases; 3. Toincludeaclauseincontractsthroughoutthevaluechainstatingacommonrepudiationandzerotolerancepolicyofsexualexploitationofchildren;
  24. 24. THE CODE OF CONDUCT 4. Toprovideinformationtotravelersonchildren’srights,thepreventionofsexualexploitationofchildrenandhowtoreportsuspectedcases; 5. Tosupport,collaborateandengagestakeholdersinthepreventionofsexualexploitationofchildren; 6. ToreportannuallyontheirimplementationofCoderelatedactivities.
  25. 25. THE CODE OF CONDUCT
  26. 26. GROWTH WITHIN ONE YEAR
  27. 27. MEMBERS IN ACTION
  28. 28. MEMBERS IN ACTION
  29. 29. MEMBERS IN ACTION
  30. 30. PARTNERSHIPS
  31. 31. PARTNERSHIPS
  32. 32. www.thecode.org/join mike@thecode.org Faceboook.com/TheCodeofConduct linkedin.com/company/the-code twitter.com/TheCodeOrg

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