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Moral & philosophical criticism of hamlet real

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Moral & philosophical criticism of hamlet real

  1. 1. Moral & Philosophical Criticism EH 4301
  2. 2. Moral Criticism <ul><li>“ The best poetry has a power of forming, sustaining, and delighting us, as nothing else can. … More and more mankind will discover that we have to turn to poetry to interpret life for us, to console us, to sustain us. Without poetry, our science will appear incomplete; and most of what now passes with us for religion and philosophy will be replaced by poetry.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Matthew Arnold, “The Study of Poetry” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Literature <ul><li>An important source of moral guidance and spiritual inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>A worthy substitute for religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>extreme position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in harmony with critical tradition </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Moral Criticism <ul><li>Moral approach has the longest history. </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not just its way of saying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>but also what it says </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Moral Criticism <ul><li>Critics who concentrate on the moral dimensions of literature often </li></ul><ul><ul><li>judge literary works by their ethical teachings and by their effects on readers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Literature that is ethically sound and encourages virtue is praised. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Literature that misguides and corrupts is condemned. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Moral Criticism <ul><li>Some modern critical theories may make us resist the idea that literature has a didactic purpose. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>but cannot deny many of the greatest writers have considered themselves teachers as well as artists. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Moral Criticism <ul><li>Plato </li></ul><ul><ul><li>acknowledged literature’s power as a teacher by believing it capable of corrupting morals and undermining religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moralism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Utilitarianism </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Moral Criticism <ul><li>Aristotle and Horace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>considered literature capable of fostering virtue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Literature should be “delightful and instructive” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Moral Criticism <ul><li>Attempts to extract literature from an ethical context are misguided and ultimately unsuccessful. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faults New Criticism </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Moral Criticism <ul><li>However, there are other critics/critical fields which promote a moral fervor in their writings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feminist criticism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marxist criticism </li></ul></ul>

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