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Historical and Biographical Approach


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A brief description of Historical and Biographical Approach in literature.

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Historical and Biographical Approach

  2. 2. Tears in Heaven Would you know my name If I saw you in heaven? Would it be the same If I saw you in heaven? I must be strong And carry on ‘Cause I know I don’t belong Here in heaven Would you hold my hand If I saw you in heaven? Would you help me stand If I saw you in heaven • This song is dedicated for his four-year-old son who fell from a window on March 20, 1991 and died • It was written by Eric Clapton and Will Jennings • Singer: Eric Clapton
  3. 3. • Written by The Ministry of Information that was formed by the British Government for publicity and propaganda during World War 2 • After World War 2, this poster was used and scattered across the British Isles for boosting the morale of their people
  4. 4. Historical and Biographical Approach
  5. 5. A Literary Work is a REFLECTION of:  The Life and Times of the characters in the work  Author’s Life and Times
  6. 6. What is Biographical Criticism? Biographical Criticism uses details about the author’s personal life to analyze the author’s works
  7. 7. • What kind of person • Political Views • Economic Status • Educational Background • Family • Life Events
  8. 8. What is Historical Criticism? • It uses details about economic and political events going on at which the works were produced to explain the content of a literary work • Studying the author’s social background, ideas circulating at the time, and the cultural milieu
  9. 9. • Time • Place • Status • Culture
  10. 10. We know the facts about the author, now what?
  11. 11. What Facts has the author used in his literary work? • Characters • Setting It can be found PRIMARILY but not limited to:
  12. 12. Depicts the real condition of the various aspects of Filipino society under the Spanish regime Crisostomo Ibarra – Small group of Filipinos who had a chance to study abroad and dreamt of improving the country Padre Damaso – Wicked but ironically respected priests Capitan Tiago – Rich Filipinos who became allies of Spanish officials and friars just to preserve their wealth Sisa and her sons – Filipino families who were oppressed by the Spanish authorities