-Moral / philosophical critics believethat the larger purpose of literature isto teach morality and to probephilosophical issues.
The Bible The Christian Bible and any other religious ‘guide’ book is a form of Moral literature.
literature should combine Christian Bible“the sweet and theuseful,” mixing pleasureat Reading with moralinstruction.
However, the way literature interact with moral values is not always simple“Literature is more of an experimental art form”
Benefits of Moral Criticism-This approach is useful for such work whichdoes present an obvious moral philosophy.-Readers can fruitfully interrogatea text from this point of view
Moral approach has become less popularand influential during the last few decades.Why? -It could be due to •Being too judgmental •One difficulty with evaluating a text’s ideas from a moral perspective is that it is not always easy to discern character intentions as good or bad—or both in separate contexts.
Limitations and Critiques of Moral Criticism -Plenty of critics point to dangers inherent in applying moral values to the evaluation of literature. This idea that literature is moral and good if it portrays morally correct behavior and immoral and bad if it portrays morally corrupt behavior has thus been with us a long time.
“A man, to be greatly good, must imagineintensely and comprehensively; he must puthimself in the place of another and of manyOthers... The great instrument of moral good isthe imagination” (Shelley , 1904)
Critics may also examine the moral effector value of a work in a more generalway, considering how theimage, events, character and even styles inwork affects its reader as moral being.