Introduction:In the ancient world, writers such as Aristotle, Cicero, andQuintilian were some of Greek And roman practitioners ofthe art of rhetoric or persuasion. Its roots are deep. Itsheritage is oral. Non-Written communication is known asoral communication.For example speaking, delivering lecture, reading,interviewing etc are some forms of oral communication.The sentence structure of oral communication are simple.This medium uses shorter words and shorter sentences. Itbrings prompt feed back.
The Chapter Consist of TwoBasic Parts: Strategies for Improving Oral Presentation Strategies for Reducing Stage fright
Strategies for Improving OralPresentation:To make our presentation meaningful, we need astrategy. This section takes us through the stepsneeded to be effective in oral communication. Steps for Preparing Oral Presentation Kinds of Oral Presentation Ways of Delivering Oral Message Strategies for Using an Effective Oral Delivery Strategies for Effective Non-Verbal Delivery
Steps for Preparing EffectiveOral Presentation: Determine the Purpose Analyze the Audience & Occasion Select the main Ideas for the Message Research the Topic Organize Data and Write Draft Create Visual Aids Rehearse the Talk
Determine the Purpose:We communicate to produce a result. We wishsomething to occur as a result of our words. On themacro level those goals are: To inform or instruct To persuade To entertain
Occasion: Whether one writes or speaks, the message must beadapted to the audience. If you talk within yourorganization, you will have some idea about who andhow many people will be in the audience. If all audience members have same occupation thenwe can use more technical expressions andillustrations (Jargon).
Message: We should select the main idea for the messagefirstly. Then we should include the information whichsupports our main idea.Research the Topic: It is obvious that we will not possess all information relating our centraltheme. Thus, we will collect all the facts and data informationrequired to complete research on the topic
Draft:After collecting all the data we should organizeit in proper form as we have to present in front of theaudience and after that write the draft. This include thefollowing: Introduction Body Summary or Conclusion
Create Visual Aids:Some presentations do not require visuals. It would be odd to include an overhead of the major dates in the career of a retiree. It would be odd if the visual is required and we do notpresent it.Rehearse the Talk: Always imagine that audience is in front of you. This isonly possible if we make rehearsals many times andrevise important points
Oral Presentation:There are four kinds of oral presentation Extemporaneous Reading Memorization Impromptu
Strategies for an Effective OralDelivery: Pitch Rate Volume Vocal Quality Pronunciation
Strategies for ReducingStage fright Being at ease, or simply give the impression of being atease which is difficult for most people. Few people can approach an audience without some feeling of discomfort. Pickup any newspaper, read Many resist and fear the idea
Signs of Discomfort: Signs of discomfort are usually experienced. The heart rate increases and the blood pressure &body temperature rises and some say their mouth feeldry. Look carefully at each of the above stated points. Youmay be aware of these things but they are not obviousto the audience.