. (1 3 Movies.info)(1 22 3 Movies.info) Tristan Tzara , Dada and Surrealism By, Michael E. Moats 1 23 Movies.info
Tristan Tzara (bornSamuel or SamyRosenstock, a.ka. S.Samyro; April 16 1896, inRomaniaBorn into a Jewish family,his 1st language wasprobably Yiddish, hissecond Romanian, and hisadopted language French.In fact the majority of hiswork was written inFrench. Having been sent awayto boarding school at 11,he actually started hiswriting career with themagazine Simbolul, underthe direction of AdrianManiu, when he was 16. Dada 1, ed. Tristan Tzara (Zurich, July 1917), cover, and Dada 2, ed.(PoemHunter.com) Tristan Tzara (Zurich, December 1917), cover. (Hoffman)
So Tzara was a major―president‖ in Dada, themovement to end allmovements, in reaction to thatWar to end all wars, WWI or theGreat War.Avant-garde poet, essayistand performance artist. Alsoactive as a journalist,playwright, literary and artcritic, composer and filmdirector (Hoffman) So Tzara collaborated withother Romanian Jews —notably Marcel and GeorgesJanco to start the Dadaistmovement. (Sanderson) Dada 3, ed. Tristan Tzara (Zurich, December 1918), cover. (Hoffman)
During WWI, Tzara joined MarcelJanco in Switzerland at the CabaretVoltaire and performed drama,recited his poetry and his Dadaistmanifestos. Though nobody knows where theterm comes from, some say Dada―in French it means ‗hobby horse.‘In German it means ‗good-bye,‘ ‗Getoff my back,‘ ‗Be seeing yousometime.‘ In Romanian: ‗Yes,indeed, you are right, thatsit.‖ (Spencer) Dada 3, ed. Tristan Tzara (Zurich, December 1918). (Hoffman)
From Dada ManifestoDadaist Disgust (KennethDouglas) Dada 4–5 (Anthologie Dada), ed. Tristan Tzara (Zurich, May 1919), cover. (Hoffman)
•In Zürich, Tzara met many writers and artist who would later found the Dadaist movement. Among these were Hugo Ball and his wife Emmy Hennings, who ren whoent The Troupe in Zürich Hugo Ball and his wife Emmy Hennings, Hans Arp, Arthur Segal, Otto Van Rees, Max Oppenheimer, Marcel Janco, Richard Huelsenbeck, and Marcel Stodki. (Gullette) Though the movement began as a literary venue, it quickly moved to performance and visual arts movement. (Sayre) Der Dada 3, ed. Raoul Hausmann (Berlin, April 1920), cover. (Hoffman)
Many authors, andartists from France,Germany, and Italy joinedthe movement. Eventually, artists fromthe United States joinedthe fray. (Hartt) 391 2, ed. Francis Picabia (Barcelona, February 10, 1917), cover. (Hoffman)
From France, it was MarcelDuchamp who led themovement with hisoutrageous paintings andsculptures. ← In this painting, Marcel Duchamp integrates the Cubist to the Futurists in a brave Dadaist way. Marcel Duchamp: Nude Descending a Staircase 1912 (Swanson) The Blind Man 1, eds. Marcel Duchamp, Beatrice Wood, and Henri- Pierre Roché (New York, April 10, 1917), cover. (Hoffman)
→ The photo to the leftshows Duchamp‘sreadymade sculpture of aurinal, which he aptlycalled Fountain. (Hoffman) he Blind Man 2, eds. Marcel Duchamp, Beatrice Wood, and Henri-Pierre Roché (New York, May 1917), pp. 2–3. (Hoffman)
IIn 1918, Francis Picabia,and Marcel Duchamp, fromFrance, and Man Ray fromthe U.S., formed the Nihilistoffshoot from Dada.This movement wasextreme Dada, Nihilism is―the belief that all valuesare baseless and thatnothing can be known or Neozubair.worldpress.comcommunicated. It is oftenassociated with extremepessimism and aradical skepticism thatcondemns existence. A truenihilist would believe innothing, have no loyalties,and no purpose other than,perhaps, an impulse todestroy.‖ (Pratt) www.niilists.net
Dada in Paris, 1920With: Louis Aragon,Breton, and Ribemont-Dessaignes, Arp andTzara from Zurich, ManRay and Picabia fromNew York, and Max Ernstfrom Cologne. (Sayre) ,(Hoffman) & (ArtHistory.net) Dada 6 (Bulletin Dada), ed. Tristan Tzara (Paris, February 1920), cover. (Hoffman)
Dadaism eventuallyevolved into Surrealism.André Breton led thecharge and change tosurrealism. (Hoffman) but secondsourced fro Breton‘s Manifeste du surrealisme Minotaure 10, ed. Albert Skira (Paris, Winter 1937), cover (Hofman).
Though theSurrealist movementbegan as a literarygenre, it too quicklyevolved into a visualart movement.To name a few:André Breton,Salvador Dalí, Giorgiode Chirico, RobertDesnos, MarcelDuchamp, and MichelLeiris. We should also addthe Ultraistas likeJorge Luis Borges.(Hoffman), (Pratt) & (Spenser) La Révolution surréaliste 12, ed. André Breton (Paris, December 15, 1929), cover. (Hoffman)
I wrote this tribute to Dalí and his expressedphilosophy of Gastro Esthetic Cannibalism when Iwas 18:To Dalí or ―Gastro Aesthetic Cannibalism‖Munching on fingers,I assimilate,osmosize sculpture art;grace metaphors.Those moths—not butterflies in stomach,feed on each other,death-head victor,rends gastric-wallsin carnivore –jaws.Lust tastes, wants and screams insatiably –more!more!That wind, of hate, hungers for our warmth,gnaws at corners of cloth-skins,and sins.Beauty-day consumes beast-ugly-night, (Salvidordalipaintings.blogspot.com)and moon that sunand we that son of God? My favorite surrealist artist isTears and rivers erode-bits of wealth- Salvador Dalí and this painting isfrom Earth and brow; called The Persistence of Memory(both being faces and planets)leaving—onlyrotting fearsome stenchand time.Life in lark exaltation, death in black-raven shriek-‖cosmic orality‖-consuming all.
. Poems from Borges Lluvia Bruscamente la tarde se ha Rain aclarado The afternoon has brightened up at last Porque ya cae la lluvia minuciosa. For rain is falling, sudden and minute. Cae o cayó. La lluvia es una cosa Falling or fallen. There is no dispute: Que sin duda sucede en el pasado. Rain is a thing that happens in the past. Quien la oye caer ha recobrado Who hears it fall retrieves a time that fled El tiempo en que la suerte When an uncanny windfall could disclose venturosa To him a flower by the name of rose Le reveló una flor llamada rosa And the perplexing redness of its red. Y el curioso color del colorado. Falling until it blinds each windowpane Esta lluvia que ciega los cristales Out in a lost suburbia this rain Alegrará en perdidos arrabales Shall liven black grapes on a vine inside Las negras uvas de una parra en cierto A certain patio that is no more. A longed-awaited voice through the Patio que ya no existe. La mojada downpour Tarde me trae la voz, la voz deseada, Is from my father. He has never died. . (A. Z. De mi padre que vuelve y que no ha Forman) muerto. (A. Z. Forman)
Tristan Tzara dies in 1963 Image: (1 2 3 Movies.info) Video: (YouTube)
ReferencesTzara. 2012. Image. 20 September 2012. A. Z. Forman, Translator. Poems Found in translation. 2012. Document. 03 November 2012.ArtHistory.net. Introduction to the Artistic Style od Dada. 2009. Document. 03 November 2012.Gullette, Alan. Sur . Real. 13 January 2011. Document. 03 November 2012.Hartt, Fredrick. Art; A History of Painting, Sculture and Architecture. Vol. II. New York/Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 1976. book.Hoffman, Irene E. Documents of Dada and Surrealism:Dada and Surrealist Journals in the Mary Reynolds Collection. 2001. Document. 30 September 2012.Kenneth Douglas, et. al. The Noton Anthology of Western Literature. Ed. Sarah Lawall. Eighth Edition. Vol. II. New York/London: W.W. Norton & Company, 2006. Anthology.neozubair.wordpress.com. Neo Nihilists . 2012. 2 October 2012.Nielsen, W. Dadaism and Surrealism . 1996. Document. 19 October 2012.PoemHunter.com. Tristan Tzara. 19 October 2012. Documant. 19 October 2012.Pratt, Allan. Nihilism. 03 May 2005. Document. 13 October 2012.Salvidordalipaintings.blogspot.com. About SalvidorDali. 2012. Image and document. 02 November 2012.Sanderson, Brenton. Tristan Tzara and the Jewish Roots of Dada, Part 1. 15 November 2011. Document. 10 September 2012.Sayre, Henrey M. A World of Art. 5th edition. Upper Saddle River: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2007. book.Spencer, Harold. The Image Maker. New Yory, New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1975. Book.Swanson, Chad. Marcel Duchamp (1887 - 1968): The Father of Post-modernism. 2012. Image. 17 September 2012.www.nihilists.net. Nihilists Corner. 2012. Image. 30 September 2012.You Tube. ABCs of Dad 1. 2012. Video. 03 October 2012.