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Introduction to natural semanticsmetalanguage

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Introduction to natural semanticsmetalanguage

  1. 1. By: GUSPERA (1110731012)
  2. 2. Metalanguage the language that is used to present, name and describe terminological information, the language of a particular field name in an entry, e,g. "synonym" is the English name of the data field, that contains synonyms to main entry terms. To make it simpler, metalanguage is a language that can be used to describe languages.
  3. 3. The Natural semantic metalanguage (NSM) is a linguistic theory and a practical, meaning-based approach to linguistic analysis. Natural Semantic Metalnguage is a language which is used to describe other language. In spite of that, it may be used to describe not only other languages in general, but also themselves. It can be defined as kinds of semantic analysis approach in finding the simplest meaning of a word.
  4. 4. Wierzbicka in many of her works tries to explain that apart from the semantic primes, all the other words in any given language are more complex ideas and could be explained with the set of primes only. For example MOURING can be “you feel this, you feel sad, after someone you love, someone good, die(s)” (I avoid changing the primes to fit the rules of grammar of any certain language). Wierzbicka wrote many books, especially in English, where she shows more complicated examples – my personal favourite was “bread” which took her approx. one page to define and several predefined concepts (like “grain” or “bake”).
  5. 5. Those aspects are: 1. The difference of social communities 2. The systematical difference 3. The difference of culture 4. The different style of speaking and communication Using NSM allows us to formulate analyses which are clear, precise, cross-translatable, nonAnglocentric, and intelligible to people without specialist linguistic training.
  6. 6. The method has applications in intercultural communication, lexicography (dictionary making), language teaching, the study of child language acquisition, legal semantics, and other areas. Thus, according to the NSM theory, each language has a basic set of words and a basic set of combinatorial possibilities of these words. With them, each language can construct sentences and texts which are perfectly translatable in every other language. The analysis of these basic sentences gives the grammar core of the language. Sources: http://www.vilnergoy.org/nsm/nsm-intro.html http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Natural_semantic_ metalanguage.html

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