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Peer to Peer As a new mode of production, governance, and property
The P2P ‘Tipping Point’ ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Understanding P2P ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
1. Understanding P2P ,[object Object],[object Object]
Complexity and Hierarchy
Levy: from the molar to the molecular Archaic Molar Molecular Life Natural Selection (natural time) Artificial Selection (generational time) Genetic splicing (real-time) Matter Mechanical (outside) Thermo- Dynamic (Warming) Nanotech (cold) Information Somatic (co-presence) Mediatic (mass) Digital Human  Groups Organic Organiza-tional Self-organized
Usage of P2P depends on consciousness
P2P as technological infrastructure
Web 2.0 Timeline
P2P as Technological Infrastructure ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 
Web 2.0 and P2P ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Web 2.0 Participatory Aspects ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
P2P Social Processes ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
“… .People would experience others as equals in the sense of their being both superior and inferior to themselves in varying skills and areas of endeavor (intellectually, emotionally,  artistically, mechanically, interpersonally, and so forth), but with none of those skills being absolutely higher or better than others…” Jorge Ferrer   The Revolution of Equipotentiality
Characteristics of Peer Production (1) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Characteristics of Peer Production (2) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Conditions for Succes ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Why is Peer Production Emerging Now? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Peer Governance as 3 rd  modality ,[object Object],Centralized Hierarchy Decentralized Heterarchy Distributed Autonomy Economics Centralized Planning Market Peer Production Politics Absolute monarchy Separation of powers Peer Governance Property Collective State Private Exclusionary Common Inclusionary Peer Property
The Evolution of Hierarchy (1)   by John Heron Degrees of Moral Insight   Relationship between hierarchy, cooperation, autonomy Premodern no rights of political participation  Hierarchy defines, controls and constrains co-operation and autonomy Early Modern political participation through representation  Hierarchy empowers a measure of co-operation and autonomy in the political sphere only Late Modern political representation with varying degrees of wider participation Hierarchy empowers a measure of co-operation and autonomy in the political sphere and in varying degrees in other spheres P2P Era equipotential rights of participation of everyone in every field The sole role of hierarchy is in its spontaneous emergence in the initiation and continuous flowering of autonomy-in-co-operation in all spheres of human endeavor
Evolution of Hierarchy (2): Power ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Evolution of Hierarchy (2): Power Period Machine  Dates Diagram Manager Consciousness (Agency of) Sovereign Society (make die, Let live) Mechanical 1757 Centralization Hierarchy Monarchy Disciplinary Society (let die, make live) Thermodyna -mics 1844 (telegraph) Decentralization Bureaucracy Separation/ balance of powers Control Society Cybernetics (computers) 1954 Distribution Protocol Organized civil society (NGO) Collective Intelligence Society Internet/Web 1994 P2P Transparency Peer Circles
Evolution of Cooperation “it’s no longer about incentives, but about removing impediments” Time frame Typology => Cooperation & Motivation Formats Game Typology Quality of Cooperation Pre-modern (feudal, imperial) Adversarial Extrinsic negative Zero Sum: Win-Lose “ Power Game ” Low, 1+1<2 Modern (market, industrial) Neutral Extrinsic positive Zero Sum: Win-win: Draw “ Money Game ” Average, 1+1=2 P2P era Synergistic Intrinsic positive The 4 wins “ Wisdom Game ” High, 1+1>2
P2P as a new way of working A few people do all the work Many people do a little of the work You have to pay all of them You don’t have to pay most of them It’s hard to get involved It’s easy to get involved Support from people you know Support from a legion of strangers
Typology of Peer Governance ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Characteristics of P2P Hierarchy ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
How To Spot A Successful Open Source Project ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What with the Power Law? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Peer Property ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Physical vs. Information Commons Traditional Commons Information Commons Type of Resource Rival Non-rival & Anti-rival Scope Local Non-local Actors Territorial Groups Global Affinity Groups Governance Communities Cyber Collectives
The Circulation of the Common ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Part Two: P2P Business Models ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Why P2P will grow For Profit For Benefit Immaterial production Material production
Conditions for expansion of ‘physical’ peer production ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Striking a Critical Balance between Giving It Away and Making Money… Portfolio Free Open Paid Closed No Source Code Included No Charge for Software No Source Code Included Charge for Software  Includes Source Code Charge for Software Source Code Included No Charge for Software  Gratis $$$ Assets Practices … And Utilizing a Sound Business Model to Stay on Track  Differentiated Value Common Value
User Innovation 1 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The User Innovation Cycle ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The Laws of Asymmetric Competition ,[object Object],[object Object]
Participation as a competitive advantage ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Mixing Openness and Closedness ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The role of capital? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Modalities of Sharing
Types of individual engagement ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
User vs. corporate typology Type of Users Type of Corporation Prosumer Mode Crowdsourcing Swarming Mode Platform Enablers Community Mode Commons-dependent
Types of Corporate Engagement ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Corporate Co-Creation Strategies ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Autonomy in Production (1) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Autonomy in Production (2) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Media Monetization Strategies ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Media Monetization Strategies (2) ,[object Object],[object Object]
What does it mean for marketing? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Commons-dependent business strategies ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Crowdsourcing ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Crowdsourcing Players ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The Flirt model of crowdsourcing ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Wisdom of Crowds? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
P2P and Markets ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
P2P and the Market: Immanence ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
P2P and the Market: transcendence ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
P2P and the Market as field of tension ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Institutions vs. Communities
The politics of Web 2.0 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What kind of ‘intersubjectivity’? Alan Page Fiske’s Relational Model ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Economic Evolution (projection) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
A peer-informed economy? (1) ,[object Object],[object Object]
A peer-informed economy? (2) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
P2P Politics: Strategies ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Systems of Influence
P2P Politics: Goals ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Democracy vs. Self-governance ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
As a new mode of production, governance, and property P2P = a total social fact
THANK YOU Contact Information Wiki : www.p2pfoundation.net Blog : blog.p2pfoundation.com Email : michelsub2004@gmail.com

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Peer to Peer Production, Governance and Property

  • 1. Peer to Peer As a new mode of production, governance, and property
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 6. Levy: from the molar to the molecular Archaic Molar Molecular Life Natural Selection (natural time) Artificial Selection (generational time) Genetic splicing (real-time) Matter Mechanical (outside) Thermo- Dynamic (Warming) Nanotech (cold) Information Somatic (co-presence) Mediatic (mass) Digital Human Groups Organic Organiza-tional Self-organized
  • 7. Usage of P2P depends on consciousness
  • 8. P2P as technological infrastructure
  • 10.
  • 11.  
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15. “… .People would experience others as equals in the sense of their being both superior and inferior to themselves in varying skills and areas of endeavor (intellectually, emotionally, artistically, mechanically, interpersonally, and so forth), but with none of those skills being absolutely higher or better than others…” Jorge Ferrer The Revolution of Equipotentiality
  • 16.
  • 17.
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  • 20.
  • 21. The Evolution of Hierarchy (1) by John Heron Degrees of Moral Insight Relationship between hierarchy, cooperation, autonomy Premodern no rights of political participation Hierarchy defines, controls and constrains co-operation and autonomy Early Modern political participation through representation Hierarchy empowers a measure of co-operation and autonomy in the political sphere only Late Modern political representation with varying degrees of wider participation Hierarchy empowers a measure of co-operation and autonomy in the political sphere and in varying degrees in other spheres P2P Era equipotential rights of participation of everyone in every field The sole role of hierarchy is in its spontaneous emergence in the initiation and continuous flowering of autonomy-in-co-operation in all spheres of human endeavor
  • 22.
  • 23. Evolution of Hierarchy (2): Power Period Machine Dates Diagram Manager Consciousness (Agency of) Sovereign Society (make die, Let live) Mechanical 1757 Centralization Hierarchy Monarchy Disciplinary Society (let die, make live) Thermodyna -mics 1844 (telegraph) Decentralization Bureaucracy Separation/ balance of powers Control Society Cybernetics (computers) 1954 Distribution Protocol Organized civil society (NGO) Collective Intelligence Society Internet/Web 1994 P2P Transparency Peer Circles
  • 24. Evolution of Cooperation “it’s no longer about incentives, but about removing impediments” Time frame Typology => Cooperation & Motivation Formats Game Typology Quality of Cooperation Pre-modern (feudal, imperial) Adversarial Extrinsic negative Zero Sum: Win-Lose “ Power Game ” Low, 1+1<2 Modern (market, industrial) Neutral Extrinsic positive Zero Sum: Win-win: Draw “ Money Game ” Average, 1+1=2 P2P era Synergistic Intrinsic positive The 4 wins “ Wisdom Game ” High, 1+1>2
  • 25. P2P as a new way of working A few people do all the work Many people do a little of the work You have to pay all of them You don’t have to pay most of them It’s hard to get involved It’s easy to get involved Support from people you know Support from a legion of strangers
  • 26.
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  • 30.
  • 31. Physical vs. Information Commons Traditional Commons Information Commons Type of Resource Rival Non-rival & Anti-rival Scope Local Non-local Actors Territorial Groups Global Affinity Groups Governance Communities Cyber Collectives
  • 32.
  • 33.
  • 34. Why P2P will grow For Profit For Benefit Immaterial production Material production
  • 35.
  • 36. Striking a Critical Balance between Giving It Away and Making Money… Portfolio Free Open Paid Closed No Source Code Included No Charge for Software No Source Code Included Charge for Software Includes Source Code Charge for Software Source Code Included No Charge for Software Gratis $$$ Assets Practices … And Utilizing a Sound Business Model to Stay on Track Differentiated Value Common Value
  • 37.
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  • 39.
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  • 41.
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  • 44.
  • 45. User vs. corporate typology Type of Users Type of Corporation Prosumer Mode Crowdsourcing Swarming Mode Platform Enablers Community Mode Commons-dependent
  • 46.
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  • 70.
  • 71.
  • 72. As a new mode of production, governance, and property P2P = a total social fact
  • 73. THANK YOU Contact Information Wiki : www.p2pfoundation.net Blog : blog.p2pfoundation.com Email : michelsub2004@gmail.com

Editor's Notes

  1. Presentation by Michel Bauwens, P2P Foundation, at http://www.p2pfoundation.net/index.php/Main_Page Graphical and other assistance by James Burke, http://lifesized.blogspot.com/ The P2P Foundation Blog is at http://blog.p2pfoundation.net/ P2P News is at http://integralvisioning.org/index.php?topic=p2p The graph represents the P2P Conceptual Universe. In the green circles, we have the deep underlying causes, the deep trends towards forms of participative knowing, from a stress on atomistic individualism to relationality, the new emergence of sharing practices etc… The orange box summarized contemporary social practices which result from the underlying trends. Finally, the beige circles are the concrete human projects to which it gives rise.