In self-paced courses the learner can learn any time at his own convenience. Self-paced courses usually have features like multimedia, interactivity, book-marking, and tracking report while some have the advanced features like simulation, online experts, multiple bookmarks, search, notes and highlights. These courses are delivered through Internet, Intranet or Local Area Networks, CD-ROM or DVD Discussion group/ message boards/ bulletin boards/discussion forums are collection of conversations that occur over time. The discussion starts out as a question from an individual where another individual responds to it some time later. A discussion group is a very efficient way to provide provides expert answers to a large group people. A single answer to a common question can benefit many.
A virtual classroom is replica of the competency found in a real classroom. In a virtual classroom students and teachers use their computers to go to a virtual meeting place instead of a classroom student’s attendance is recorded. Lecture is delivered through Slide presentation, Audio and video conferencing. Through Audio and video conferencing there is interaction. Audio conferencing can be implemented through computers connected to the Internet and Phone. Video conferencing can also be implemented through computers connected to the Internet the computers need digital cameras and Special video conferencing devices that connect over the Internet or over phone lines. Participants use a computer to type their comments. The other participants can see the name of the person and their comments. A shared whiteboard helps group of learners to communicate by typing comments, drawing, highlighting and pointing Demonstration of how to use software applications to remote learners is possible with application sharing. A teacher can also let the learner take control of the application to practice performing tasks. It is similar to chat. One person communicates to another through typing. Instant messaging also provides some additional features. With instant messaging, you can keep a list of list of people that you might like to chat with. The list will indicate if they are online, offline, available for chat or busy. These features make instant messaging an excellent tool for learning from peers.
Through mobile van attempt is made to make the people aware about the technology being used and equip them with the basic knowledge of computers. The Internet facility is also provided in the van with the help of Tata Photon. First batch was conducted at Savargaon in Nashik, with total 25 students. And the second batch is being conducted at Ladchi in Nashik, with 28 students. YCMOU is now planning to initiate the third batch in the Dhagor village in Nashik district. The students of the first batch have received opportunities to work on the basis of this course. Some of them are working as computer operator and few of them are working as supervisor in reputed firms.
who is free to choose mode of reply (by normal postal system, email or here on this discussion forum) to query.
The pre-recorded videos by the computer experts ensure uniform, consistent and quality education at all YCMOU study centres.
The student can appear for the exam only if the exam request is sent for him by the Study Centre and has been approved by exam unit. The exam request and approval is maintained so as to keep a track of eligible students and for other control activities.
On the university website, the Study Centre has to login to the website using the Study Centre login and password.
Under examination, Click on the link “Start Practice Examination” to start the practice examination.
The screen appears which prompts the student to enter his Permanent Registration Number.
After entering the Permanent Registration Number (PRN) of the student, a list box appears. The list box consists of the list of the courses for which the student is eligible to appear. Then the student has to select the course name from the list box for which he has to take the practice test.
After the course is selected, the screen appears which displays the student’s name, PRN number and his age. It also displays the photograph of the student. This page gives the necessary instructions to the student regarding the duration of the examination, structure of question paper, duration given for each question, etc. After reading the instructions carefully, the student has to click on the “Continue” button.
Then the question paper appears one question at a time. For practice examination, questions are selected randomly from the Question Bank. Each question has 4 options, from which the student has to select the appropriate answer. Each question has been allotted time according to its difficulty level. And then click the “Submit” button.
After all the 30 questions have been answered, a mark sheet is generated. It displays the total number of questions in the exam, number of questions answered correctly and marks scored by the student
The exam unit selects the name of the examiner from the database and clicks on the “Submit Action” button to send the system-generated password to the examiner to start the exam. This password is sent through email 10 minutes before the examination.
At the time of the exam, Study Centre coordinator has to login on every machine .
The link “Start Student Examination” has to be clicked.
The screen appears which prompts the examiner to enter his name and password received through email and then clicks on the ‘Continue’ button.
After the examiner has logged in, the student has to enter his PRN number.
After PRN number is entered, a list box appears from which the student has to select the course name for which he has to appear.
After the course is selected, the screen appears which displays the student’s name, PRN number and his age. It also displays the photograph of the student. This page gives the necessary instructions to the student regarding the duration of the examination, structure of question paper, duration given for each question, etc After reading the instructions carefully, the student has to click on the “Continue” button.
Then the question paper appears one question at a time. Questions are selected from the Question Bank as specified in the paper format. There is a time limit for each question.
After the student has attempted all the questions, a provisional mark sheet is generated and displayed on the screen. The mark sheet displays the total marks received in the exam as well as in the home/practical assignment, the total marks out of 100 and the grade obtained . The original marksheet is sent by the University in due course of time. Study Centre takes print out of the provisional mark sheet, gets it signed by the examiner and hand it over to the student. The online exam link is available 24 hours between t he start and end date.
Academic Support Through E-Learning To Open And Distance Learners: A Case Study Of Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University
ACADEMIC SUPPORT THROUGH E-LEARNING TO OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNERS: A CASE STUDY OF YASHWANTRAO CHAVAN MAHARASHTRA OPEN UNIVERSITY Miss Ajbani Latika Ajitkumar Miss Kale Vini Arun Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University
CONTENTS <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>E-Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Review of Literature </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Support through E-Learning at Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University (YCMOU) </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges faced </li></ul><ul><li>Methods to overcome </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledgement </li></ul>
INTRODUCTION <ul><li>The beginning of wireless electronic communication can be traced back Over 100 Years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>The journey began from transmitting the telegraphic messages through electric telegraph, and today we have palmtops. </li></ul><ul><li>Today we have Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in some form or other literally to every home. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Educational providers cannot possibly survive on traditional chalk and talk method </li></ul><ul><li>Use of ICT in open and distance education has given new dimensions, by providing continuous and convenient learning and support activities. </li></ul><ul><li>E-Learning is adopted </li></ul>
E-LEARNING <ul><li>E-Learning means “The delivery of a learning, training or education programme by electronic means. E-Learning involves the use of a computer or electronic device (e.g. a mobile phone) in some way to provide training, educational or learning material.” (Derek Stockley 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>It offers learning anytime and anywhere and provides just in time information by overcoming the limitations of time, distance and resources. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The methods through which E-Learning can be imparted. </li></ul><ul><li>Asynchronous E-Learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronous E-Learning. </li></ul>
ASYNCHRONOUS E-LEARNING <ul><li>The sender and receiver are not concurrently engaged in communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Under this method there are two ways of offering learning: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-paced Courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion Groups </li></ul></ul>
SYNCHRONOUS E-LEARNING <ul><li>The sender and receiver are concurrently engaged in communication. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio and Video Conferencing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared Whiteboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instant Messaging </li></ul></ul>
REVIEW OF LITERATURE <ul><li>According to Howland & Moore (2002) Developments in technology in the past decade have had considerable impact on the distribution of content, learning tasks, and assignments in training and distance Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Santosh Panda and Sanjaya Mishra(2007) - ‘personal interest to use technology’ as the top-most motivating factor; followed by ‘intellectual challenge’ that might come up with the use of E-Learning. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Willis and Joyner (2000) found no differences between on-campus students who took an information technology class online, and off-campus students who also took the class online. </li></ul><ul><li>I A. Juan et.al.(2008) Innovation is necessary, both in the use of technology as in the application of new methodological approaches. </li></ul><ul><li>Siddiqui, Khan, & Akhtar(2008)All scenario-based E-Learning, by virtue of the teaching method and the high value of knowledge, is considered to be useful in regard to enhancing student learning </li></ul>
<ul><li>August Tsai (2011) in the study has proposed hybrid E-Learning model that integrates teaching-and-learning methods that have been found to be effective in the past in order to remove the limitations on time, location, and tutor’s availability that are imposed by a physical classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Haroon Altarawneh (2011) The E-Learning implementers need to work with E-Learning standards for common interoperability software.Teachers and students must have technical and cognitive skills in ICT so that they become effective users of the technology. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Academic Support through E-Learning at Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University (YCMOU) </li></ul>
YASHWANTRAO CHAVAN MAHARASHTRA OPEN UNIVERSITY (YCMOU) <ul><li>The Maharashtra Legislative assembly Act no20/1989 established YCMOU at Nashik, on July 1st, 1989. The university is recognized by UGC under section 12B. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s programmes and activities are geared towards becoming a ‘mass varsity’. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2004 Commonwealth of Learning (COL), Canada appreciated the efforts made by YCMOU at grass-root level by conferring upon the “Award of Excellence for Institutional Achievement”. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The University’s Mission is : </li></ul><ul><li>Through our technical, vocational, professional and liberal education programme, application of modern communication technologies and adoption of the distance education methodology, we strive towards developing an Innovative, Flexible and Open system of education. </li></ul>
MOBILE VAN <ul><li>It is a initiative for providing computer literacy in backward areas. </li></ul><ul><li>The mobile van is equipped with total 6 IBM computers with Internet facility and also consists of two generators for backup. </li></ul><ul><li>Even few lectures are delivered through EDUSAT-supported technology in the mobile van. </li></ul><ul><li>The mobile van visits a particular village for a period of 6 months. </li></ul><ul><li>The topics mainly taught are Microsoft Office, Internet, Paint and computer fundamentals. </li></ul><ul><li>YCMOU has adopted two villages named Ladchi and Savargaon from the district Nashik. </li></ul>
E-SUVIDHA ACCOUNT <ul><li>The students can get quick access to academic information through the E-services provided by the university’s web portal using each student’s unique e-Suvidha account. </li></ul><ul><li>To activate this account the student is required to follow the instructions on web portal of the university to generate user –id and password. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the account is activated the student has access to the information related to campus services, Gold Plus Services and Channels services. </li></ul>
GOLD PLUS <ul><li>EASY- For employment search. </li></ul><ul><li>Application for Passport </li></ul><ul><li>Bank Web Site- State Bank Of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Sakaal ePaper, Nashik News- nashik.co.in, Nashik Telephone Directory </li></ul><ul><li>EBSCO- Online Library. </li></ul>
<ul><li>National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning- E-learning through online Web and Video courses in Engineering, Science and humanities streams </li></ul><ul><li>Techpedia- A portal of technology projects by students to link the needs of the industry and grassroots innovators with young minds and to promote collaborative research. </li></ul><ul><li>Sakshat (The National Mission on Education though ICT) </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, Open Learn and Open Courseware </li></ul>
CHANNELS SERVICES <ul><li>Learning Services like Self Assessment, Library Facilitation, Links to Open Courseware, Learning Management System, On-line Evaluation for Formative purposes, Access to Distributed Classrooms, Book Releases, Reviews, E-Learning Content Releases, Reviews and Share Content </li></ul><ul><li>Participative Services like your opinion, discussions and Express views </li></ul><ul><li>Infotainment Services like Cultural, Competitions and Awards, Timelines / Schedules, Jobs and Technology </li></ul>
DISCUSSION FORUM <ul><li>Academic guidance to students and study centres through web based discussion forums. </li></ul><ul><li>Questions can be posted related to two fields: - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Programme Implementation like Programme Publicity and Advertisement, Direct Admission, Course Exemptions or Credit Transfers (DACECT), Admission and Student Registration, Learning Resource Distribution, Face-To-Face Counselling at recognized Study Centres, Student Evaluation: Continuous Assessment, Student Evaluation: End Examination and Convocation. </li></ul></ul>
<ul><ul><li>Programme Development like Curriculum and Syllabus, Study Centre Network, Resource Expert Data, Learning Resource and Question-Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After every 2 hours, web server will automatically forward all posts on all discussion forums, by email to the concerned university officer. </li></ul>
MULTIMEDIA BASED E-LEARNING MATERIAL <ul><li>There are various Virtual Classroom Modules developed to enhance the knowledge of the students. </li></ul><ul><li>The school of computer science has developed multimedia content, which engages multiple senses of the learner and results in effective knowledge, and skills gain. </li></ul><ul><li>The contents are delivered through the use of protected CD-ROMs. As these Compact Disks are protected, the University also provides a special device called as Dongle. </li></ul>
<ul><li>A dongle is a USB device, which is used to view the content of these protected Compact Disks. </li></ul><ul><li>Learner Management System hosted on computers at study centres enables students to select E-Learning content suitable to their pace and style of learning. </li></ul><ul><li>VCM has been developed for around 34 courses included in the online programmes offered by the School of Computer Science. </li></ul><ul><li>Each course includes around 10 to 60 modules of 30 minutes each. </li></ul>
VIRTUAL LEARNING CENTRES <ul><li>Real Time Learning through Satellite based Virtual Classrooms: </li></ul><ul><li>YCMOU provides EDUSAT-supported, Guidance Programme ( BA/MA) in public service for candidates desirous of preparing for the MPSC-UPSC Competitive Examinations. </li></ul><ul><li>In collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organization(ISRO), the university has established a state wide network of Virtual Learning Centres(VLC) also called Virtual Classrooms. </li></ul><ul><li>The Resource Persons deliver the lectures from the YCMOU’s Yashbharti Studio at Nashik, and/or sub-studio at Pune or Mumbai and these ‘live’ lectures are transmitted to all the participating ‘interactive ’Virtual Learning Centres across the State. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The audio/video lectures of these resource persons are up-linked to the EDUSAT, a specially designed satellite for education, from where the signal is down linked to the Virtual Learning Centres. </li></ul><ul><li>The audio/video lectures received via satellite are displayed using LCD projectors on the big screen for the benefit of the learners present at the VLC. </li></ul><ul><li>These sessions are interactive and t he queries by the students are answered immediately with the help of this innovative two-way-video VLC technology. </li></ul>
PRACTICAL/HOME ASSIGNMENTS <ul><li>School sends the practical/home assignment slips to the Study Centres through e-mail. </li></ul><ul><li>The examination is taken at the Study Centres. </li></ul><ul><li>After the exam is conducted, marks are uploaded on the website. </li></ul><ul><li>The list of the students is already available on the website. The Study Centre coordinator has to select the student name and upload the marks. </li></ul>
PAPER FORMAT <ul><li>Paper format is the structure of the question paper in which the number of questions to be selected from each category is specified. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a one-time task, as the structure of the paper does not change regularly. </li></ul><ul><li>The School takes decision regarding the selection of the paper format. </li></ul><ul><li>If the need arises to change the paper format, it can be done through the “Manage Question Paper Format” option. </li></ul>
EXAM REQUEST AND APPROVAL <ul><li>Study Centre has to send exam request for both new and old students. </li></ul><ul><li>The examination requests are sent course-wise i.e. for all the courses to which the student wishes to appear. </li></ul><ul><li>Exam unit approves the exam request of the eligible students. </li></ul><ul><li>The status report of every student is available on the link “Examination Management & Monitoring Console” </li></ul>
MANAGE EXAMINATION SCHEDULE <ul><li>The examination schedule is set through the link “Manage Examination Schedule”. </li></ul><ul><li>The courses for which the examination is to be launched are to be selected and the paper format is to be chosen. </li></ul><ul><li>The school also declares the start date and end date of the examination. </li></ul>
QUESTION BANK <ul><li>The School of Computer Science has developed a rich question bank. </li></ul><ul><li>Question Bank has been developed for all the 34 courses. </li></ul><ul><li>Question Bank consists of more than 500 questions of 2, 4 and 6 marks for each course. </li></ul><ul><li>School can add questions to question bank, change questions in question bank and manage question bank topics. </li></ul>
ONLINE LIBRARY <ul><li>The students can access online journals through e-Suvidha account and link to EBSCO,premium online information resources for tens of thousands of institutions worldwide, representing millions of end-users. </li></ul><ul><li>It provides Reference databases, subscription management, online journals, books, linking services and A-to-Z solutions. </li></ul>
CHALLENGES FACED <ul><li>Some students need help in understanding the learning material presented in a course. Since self-paced courses are offered without teachers, those people may fail to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>Many students need external motivation to take admission and complete a course of study so there is comparatively less Enrollment and sometimes students do not complete the Programme. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers and students need to become familiar with the tools. </li></ul><ul><li>There is time dependency for Live Sessions as attending virtual classroom training is restricted to a certain scheduled time. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Infrastructure for the participants has to be maintained for successful completion of the session. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical issues such as bandwidth, speed of the connection or power failure may create problem while presentation is going on. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of discussion forums is generally done for the support services. </li></ul><ul><li>The latest technologies and gadgets are still not available in rural areas so providing E-Learning in the interior villages is difficu lt. </li></ul>
METHODS TO OVERCOME CHALLENGES <ul><li>Counselors should provide in-time guidance and regular feedback to the queries. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of Discussion forums should be enhanced and collaborative learning is to be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Preparatory courses in E-Learning should be offered. </li></ul><ul><li>E-Learning environment should be improved. </li></ul>
CONCLUSION: <ul><li>At YCMOU blended learning is imparted to facilitate students of open and distance learning and provide them with academic inputs using E-Learning. </li></ul><ul><li>YCMOU has taken steps like providing IT literacy in remote areas through the Mobile van. The students have quick access to academic information through e-Suvidha account and discussion forums-Learning is imparted through Virtual Learning Centres and Multimedia Based Learning Material There are various Virtual Classroom Modules developed by the University to enhance the knowledge of the students. The University offers online examinations and mock tests for various programmes. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus at YCMOU, the innovative practices are followed for imparting education to the open and distance learners there are few challenges faced which will be overcome by the passage of time. </li></ul>
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: <ul><li>We express our gratitude to Dr.R. KrishnaKumar, Hon. Vice-Chancellor YCMOU, Dr. P. Atkare,Registrar ; </li></ul><ul><li>Dr.Mrs A.Deshmukh, Director Centre for Collaboration and Special Initiatives; Dr.R.Tiwari,Director,School Of Computer Science; Dr. M.Killedar, Director,School Of Science and Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Prof.D.Phadke,Director,School Of Commerce and Management for their valuable guidance and continuous support. </li></ul>